General emergency medicine

This section publishes articles on emergency medicine not covered by the other sections, including but not limited to: pediatric EM, neurological and psychiatric EM, toxicology and poisoning management, infection and sepsis, ultrasound, healthcare services research.

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  1. Research article

    Management of potentially life-threatening emergencies at 74 primary level hospitals in Mongolia: results of a prospective, observational multicenter study

    While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level h...

    Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger and Martin W. Dünser

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:15

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  2. Study protocol

    Developing quality indicators for the care of patients with musculoskeletal injuries in the Emergency Department: study protocol

    Musculoskeletal injuries are a common presentation to the Emergency Department (ED). The quality of care provided is important to the patients, clinicians, organisations and purchasers of care. In the context ...

    Kirsten Strudwick, Anthony Bell, Trevor Russell and Melinda Martin-Khan

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:14

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  3. Research article

    The association of Emergency Department presentations in pregnancy with hospital admissions for postnatal depression (PND): a cohort study based on linked population data

    To investigate the impact of presenting to an Emergency Department (ED) during pregnancy on postnatal depression (PND) in women in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.

    Fenglian Xu, Elizabeth A. Sullivan, Roberto Forero and Caroline S. E. Homer

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:12

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Prevalence and predictors of intra-abdominal hypertension and compartment syndrome in surgical patients in critical care units at Kenyatta National Hospital

    Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) affects almost every organ sytem.If it is not detected early and corrected, mortality would be high. The prevalence of IAH and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) at Kenyatt...

    A. Muturi, P. Ndaguatha, Daniel Ojuka and A. Kibet

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:10

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  5. Research article

    A nationwide survey of first aid training and encounters in Norway

    Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish ...

    Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell and Torben Wisborg

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:6

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Retrospective analysis of management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions in emergency endoscopic setting in adults

    Ingestion of foreign bodies and food impaction represent the second most common endoscopic emergency after bleeding. The aim of this paper is to report the management and the outcomes in 67 patients admitted f...

    Girolamo Geraci, Carmelo Sciume’, Giovanni Di Carlo, Antonino Picciurro and Giuseppe Modica

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:42

    Published on: 4 November 2016

  7. Research article

    Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of ESBL and non ESBL bacterial isolates among patients with secondary peritonitis at Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza – Tanzania

    Secondary peritonitis is a common surgical emergence with deadly outcomes when not timely and promptly intervened. The emergence of Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing bacteria (ESBL) poses treatment ch...

    Jeremiah Seni, Enock Sweya, Amri Mabewa, Stephen E. Mshana and Japhet M. Gilyoma

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:41

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  8. Research article

    Outcomes associated with observation versus short-stay admission among chest pain patients in the Veterans Health Administration

    To determine the extent to which 30- and 90-day hospital readmission and mortality rates differ as a function of whether a chest pain patient is placed in observation status or admitted to the hospital for a s...

    Brad Wright, Amy M. J. O’Shea, Justin M. Glasgow, Padmaja Ayyagari and Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:38

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  9. Research article

    Keep it simple: vascular risk factors and focal exam findings correctly identify posterior circulation ischemia in “dizzy” patients

    Dizziness is a common chief complaint of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). Physicians must quickly and accurately identify patients whose etiology is most likely ischemia. Additional tools ...

    Karen Chen, Andrea L. C. Schneider, Rafael H. Llinas and Elisabeth B. Marsh

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:37

    Published on: 13 September 2016

  10. Research article

    The incorporation of focused history in checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury

    Diagnostic error and delay are critical impediments to the safety of critically ill patients. Checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury (CERTAIN) has been developed as a tool th...

    Namita Jayaprakash, Rashid Ali, Rahul Kashyap, Courtney Bennett, Alexander Kogan and Ognjen Gajic

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:35

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  11. Research article

    Psychological distress in medical patients 30 days following an emergency department admission: results from a prospective, observational study

    Psychological distress in medical patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) is not well studied. Our aim was to investigate the extent of psychological distress in a broad and unselected medical patie...

    Lukas Faessler, Alexander Kutz, Sebastian Haubitz, Beat Mueller, Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello and Philipp Schuetz

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:33

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  12. Research article

    Prospective evaluation of an automated method to identify patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in the emergency department

    Sepsis is an often-fatal syndrome resulting from severe infection. Rapid identification and treatment are critical for septic patients. We therefore developed a probabilistic model to identify septic patients ...

    Samuel M. Brown, Jason Jones, Kathryn Gibb Kuttler, Roger K. Keddington, Todd L. Allen and Peter Haug

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:31

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  13. Research article

    Saudi SCD patients’ symptoms and quality of life relative to the number of ED visits

    Individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD) have significantly increased emergency department (ED) use compared to the general population. In Saudi Arabia, health care is free for all individuals and the...

    Anwar E. Ahmed, Ahmed S. Alaskar, Donna K. McClish, Yosra Z. Ali, Mohammed H. Aldughither, Ahmad M. Al-Suliman and Hafiz M. Malhan

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:30

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  14. Research article

    Prediction of 90-day mortality in older patients after discharge from an emergency department: a retrospective follow-up study

    Older people frequently attend the emergency department (ED) and have a high risk of poor outcome as compared to their younger counterparts. Our aim was to study routinely collected clinical parameters as pred...

    Susanna E. Hofman, Jacinta A. Lucke, Noor Heim, Jelle de Gelder, Anne J. Fogteloo, Christian Heringhaus, Bas de Groot, Anton J. M. de Craen, Gerard Jan Blauw and Simon P. Mooijaart

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:26

    Published on: 13 July 2016

  15. Research article

    Assessing the completeness of coded and narrative data from the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset using injuries sustained during fitness activities as a case study

    Injury surveillance systems support the ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health information vital to the prevention, planning and evaluation of injury prevention strategies. One ke...

    Shannon E. Gray and Caroline F. Finch

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:24

    Published on: 12 July 2016

  16. Research article

    Is it a matter of urgency? A survey of assessments by walk-in patients and doctors of the urgency level of their encounters at a general emergency outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway

    Emergency room (ER) use is increasing in several countries. Variability in the proportion of non-urgent ER visits was found to range from 5 to 90 % (median 32 %). Non-urgent emergency visits are considered an ...

    Sven Eirik Ruud, Per Hjortdahl and Bård Natvig

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:22

    Published on: 4 July 2016

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