Skip to main content

Table 3 Regression models for CCHS 2

From: Modeling factors influencing the demand for emergency department services in ontario: a comparison of methods

  Poisson Negative Binomial Zero Inflated Poisson Zero Inflated Negative Binomial Hurdle Poisson Hurdle Negative Binomial
  --- --- Binary Count Binary Count Binary Count Binary Count
  RR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) RR (95%CI) OR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) RR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) RR (95% CI)
Male 1.17, (1.12-1.22)** 1.16, (1.10-1.23)** 1.11,(1.01-1.21)* 1.09, (1.02-1.16)* 1.26,(0.96-1.65) 1.13, (1.05-1.22)** 1.17, (1.10-1.23)** 1.09, (1.02-1.16)* 1.17, (1.10-1.23)** 1.09, (0.97-1.22)
Female --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
20-44 years 1.19, (1.12-1.26)** 1.14, (1.05-1.24)** 0.90,(0.80-1.02) 1.25, (1.14-1.37)** 0.66,(0.40-1.09) 1.21, (1.09-1.35)** 1.09, (1.00-1.08)* 1.26, (1.15-1.38)** 1.09, (1.00-1.18)* 1.23, (1.05-1.44)**
45-64 years 0.94, (0.89-0.99)* 0.94, (0.87-1.01) 0.84,(0.75-0.94) ** 1.06, (0.97-1.15) 0.76,(0.46-1.26) 0.96, (0.87-1.05) 0.90, (0.83-0.97)** 1.06, (0.97-1.15) 0.90, (0.83-0.97)** 1.06, (0.92-1.22)
> 65 years --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
RUB 2 1.31, (1.17-1.47)** 1.30, (1.14-1.48)** 1.08,(0.81-1.43) 1.23, (0.95-1.58) 1.11,(0.58-2.12) 1.24, (0.93-1.66) 1.27, (1.11-1.45)** 1.23, (0.95-1.58) 1.27, (1.11-1.45)** 1.24, (0.89-1.72)
RUB 3 1.65, (1.49-1.83)** 1.62, (1.44-1.82)** 1.15,(0.89-1.48) 1.46, (1.16-1.83)** 1.25,(0.70-2.24) 1.45, (1.12-1.88)** 1.54, (1.36-1.74)** 1.46, (1.17-1.83)** 1.54, (1.36-1.74)** 1.50, (1.12-2.01)**
RUB 4-5 2.54, (2.25-2.85)** 2.49, (2.16-2.86)** 1.32,(1.00-1.75) 2.04, (1.60-2.59)** 2.04,(0.84-4.98) 2.13, (1.62-2.81)** 2.23, (1.93-2.58)** 2.05, (1.61-2.60)** 2.23, (1.93-2.58)** 2.23, (1.61-3.09)**
RUB 1 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
ADG 6-9 1.45, (1.37-1.54)** 1.45, (1.35-1.56)** 1.52,(1.34-1.73) ** 1.06, (0.96-1.17) 4.44,(2.16-9.13) ** 1.08, (0.94-1.23) 1.50, (1.39-1.62)** 1.06, (0.96-1.18) 1.50, (1.39-1.62)** 1.07, (0.92-1.25)
ADG 10-32 2.22, (2.05-2.39)** 2.18, (1.96-2.43)** 1.82,(1.55-2.15) ** 1.43, (1.27-1.62)** - 1.51, (1.29-1.78)** 2.17, (1.95-2.41)** 1.44, (1.28-1.63)** 2.17, (1.95-2.41)** 1.56, (1.28-1.91)**
ADG 0-5 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Income Low 1.46, (1.37-1.56)** 1.46, (1.34-1.59)** 1.11,(0.98-1.27) 1.34, (1.22-1.48)** 0.89,(0.59-1.34) 1.45, (1.29-1.63)** 1.37, (1.25-1.49)** 1.35, (1.22-1.49)** 1.37, (1.25-1.49)** 1.47, (1.25-1.74)**
Income Med. 1.16, (1.10-1.22)** 1.19, (1.11-1.27)** 1.04,(0.94-1.16) 1.14, (1.05-1.24)** 1.47,(1.05-2.05) * 1.09, (1.00-1.20)* 1.14, (1.07-1.22)** 1.14, (1.05-1.24)** 1.14, (1.07-1.22)** 1.19, (1.04-1.35)*
Income High --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Educ. Low 1.17, (1.11-1.23)** 1.20, (1.11-1.29)** 1.23,(1.10-1.38) ** 1.02, (0.94-1.10) 1.28,(0.85-1.93) 1.15, (1.04-1.26)** 1.21, (1.12-1.30)** 1.01, (0.93-1.10) 1.21, (1.12-1.30)** 1.08, (0.94-1.24)
Educ. Med. 1.04, (0.99-1.09) 1.06, (0.99-1.13) 1.09,(0.98-1.21) 0.98, (0.90-1.07) 1.16,(0.84-1.60) 1.02, (0.93-1.12) 1.06, (0.99-1.14) 0.98, (0.90-1.06) 1.06, (0.99-1.14) 1.00, (0.87-1.14)
Educ. High --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
SRH Poor or Fair 1.96, (1.85-2.08)** 1.91, (1.76-2.08)** 1.36,(1.19-1.55) ** 1.57, (1.43-1.73)** 0.91,(0.58-1.43) 1.99, (1.80-2.20)** 1.82, (1.68-1.97)** 1.58, (1.44-1.74)** 1.82, (1.68-1.97)** 1.73, (1.48-2.01)**
SRH Good 1.21, (1.17-1.30)** 1.21, (1.13-1.29)** 1.07,(0.95-1.20) 1.16, (1.05-1.27)** 0.72,(0.53-0.93) * 1.30, (1.18-1.42)** 1.19, (1.12-1.28)** 1.16, (1.06-1.27)** 1.19, (1.12-1.28)** 1.18, (1.02-1.35)*
SRH Excellent or Very Good --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Access Doctor 0.92, (0.85-1.00)* 0.92, (0.83-1.02)** 0.88,(0.75-1.05) 1.01, (0.88-1.15) 0.77,(0.48-1.25) 0.97, (0.83-1.13) 0.90, (0.81-1.00) 1.01, (0.89-1.15) 0.90, (0.81-1.00) 0.99, (0.88-1.23)
No Doctor --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
1 Chronic Condition 1.13, (1.07-1.20)** 1.13, (1.05-1.22)** 0.99,(0.88-1.12) 1.13, (1.02-1.24)* 1.06,(0.76-1.48) 1.10, (0.99-1.22) 1.09, (1.01-1.17)* 1.13, (1.03-1.25)* 1.09, (1.01-1.17)* 1.19, (1.03-1.39)*
>2 Chronic Conditions 1.19, (1.11-1.26)** 1.21, (1.12-1.31)** 1.24,(1.09-1.42) ** 1.02, (0.92-1.13) 1.80,(1.10-2.95) * 1.10, (0.98-1.23) 1.22, (1.13-1.33)** 1.02, (0.92-1.13) 1.22, (1.13-1.33)** 1.07, (0.91-1.26)
No Chronic Condition --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Rural 0.97, (0.92-1.02) 0.99, (0.93-1.07) 1.00,(0.89-1.12) 0.99, (0.91-1.08) 1.73,(1.08-2.75)* 0.90, (0.82-0.99)* 0.99, (0.92-1.06) 0.98, (0.90-1.07) 0.99, (0.92-1.06) 0.98, (0.85-1.12)
Urban --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
  1. *Statistically significant at 0.05 level
  2. **Statistically significant at 0.01 level