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Table 4 PTW occupants: frequency of head injuries and its causes

From: Advanced accident research system based on a medical and engineering data in the metropolitan area of Florence

  Impact object Total
  Asphalt / pavement Barrier /guard rail Curb Pole/post Windshield header rail  
Base (basilar) fracture 25.0% (2) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 75.0% (6) 100% (8 cases)
Cerebrum 36.0% (8) 14.0% (3) 14.0% (3) 18.0% (4) 18.0% (4) 100% (22 cases)
Vault fracture 100.% (2) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 0.0% (0) 100% (2 cases)
Total head injuries 38.0% (12) 9.0% (3) 9.0% (3) 13.0% (4) 31.0% (10) 100% (32 cases)