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Table 3 The comparison between patients with and without treatment limitation

From: Epidemiology of noninvasive mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory failure - a retrospective population-based study

  NIV with treatment limitation (n=19) NIV without treatment limitation (n=25) P value (treatment limitation vs. no limitation)
   IMV= (n=10) NIV without treatment limitation (n=15)  
Age 79(72–85) 69(67–71) 70(59–77) 0.001
Gender 10(53) 0 6(40%) 0.05
Race 16(84) 8(80) 14(93) 0.77
CAD 11(58) 6(60) 7(47) 0.76
Cancer 8(42) 3(30) 6(40) 0.76
Chemotherapy 4(21) 3(30) 1(7) 0.71
CHF 9(47) 3(30) 3(20) 0.12
DM 8(42) 3(30) 7(47) 0.99
Hypertension 17(89) 9(90) 10(67) 0.43
APACHE III score on admission 54(39–62) 45(39–63) 43(23–59) 0.14
ICU length of stay 2(1–3) 4(2–9) 1(1–3) 0.36
Hospital length of stay 6(3–9) 7(5–15) 5(4–8) 0.39
Hospital Mortality 6(32) 0 0 0.008
Median survival after Hospital discharge 43(9–232) 1341(725–2349) 1245(815–2472) <0.001