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Table 2 Association of intervention and overall stress and stress level at different time points

From: Impact of a stress coping strategy on perceived stress levels and performance during a simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a randomized controlled trial

  Intervention group Control group Difference (95% CI) p
Stress/overload measures n=62 n=62   
Intention-to-treat analysis (n=124)     
Overall stress/overload     
Mean overall stress/overload during resuscitation, mean (SE) 10.6 (±0.21) 11.2 (±0.24) −0.6 (95% CI −1.3, -0.1) 0.04
Stress/overload during different time points     
Stress/overload at baseline, mean (SE) 9.6 (±0.37) 10.6 (±0.42) −1 (95% CI −2.1, -0.1) 0.08
Stress/overload during resuscitation, mean (SE) 15.9 (±0.34) 15.6 (±0.34) 0.2 (95% CI −0.7, -1.2) 0.66
Stress/overload when patients awakes, mean (SE) 9.3 (±0.41) 10.4 (±0.48) −1.0 (95% CI −2.3, 0.2) 0.1
Stress/overload during debriefing, mean (SE) 7.4 (±0.36) 7.8 (±0.36) −0.4 (95% CI −1.4, 0.6) 0.42
Per-protocol analysis n=108 n=46 n=62   
Overall stress/overload     
Mean overall stress/overload during resuscitation, mean (SE) 10.4 (±0.26) 11.2 (±0.24) −0.8 (95% CI −1.5, -0.1) 0.02
Stress/overload during different time points     
Stress/overload at baseline, mean (SE) 9.1 (±0.37) 10.6 (±0.42) −1.5 (95% CI −2.7, -0.4) 0.01
Stress/overload during resuscitation, mean (SE) 15.5 (±0.43) 15.6 (±0.34) −0.1 (95% CI −1.2, 0.9) 0.79
Stress/overload when patients awakes, mean (SE) 9.4 (±0.52) 10.4 (±0.48) −0.9 (95% CI −2.4, 0.5) 0.18
Stress/overload during debriefing, mean (SE) 7.5 (±0.42) 7.8 (±0.36) −0.2 (95% CI −1.3, 0.8) 0.66
  1. SE denotes standard error; 95% CI confidence interval, Intention-to-treat analysis includes all randomized participants, per-protocol analysis includes only participants who followed the instructions in the intervention group.