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Table 3 Resource utilization by fall in emergency department in Pakistan

From: Pattern of fall injuries in Pakistan: the Pakistan National Emergency Department Surveillance (Pak-NEDS) study

Variables Intentional
n (%)
Unintentional falls
n (%)
Total#
n (%)
Type of care provider (n = 2996)*   
Paramedic 304 (51.4) 570 (52.5) 1512 (50.5)
House officer/intern 336 (56.8) 302 (27.8) 1092 (36.4)
Post Graduate trainee/Resident 103 (17.4) 101 (9.3) 375 (12.5)
Medical Officer 327 (55.3) 857 (79.0) 1881 (62.8)
Nurse/midwife 400 (67.7) 687 (63.3) 2080 (69.4)
Attending physician 5 (0.8) 16 (1.5) 143 (4.8)
Radiography (n = 1521)*   
X-rays 317 (92.7) 413 (92.8) 1429 (93.9)
Ultrasound 8 (2.5) 5 (1.1) 42 (2.8)
Computed Tomogram 32 (9.4) 61 (13.7) 106 (7.0)
Treatment provided (n = 3335)*   
None 32 (5.1) 76 (6.4) 315 (9.4)
Intravenous fluids 143 (22.7) 244 (20.6) 564 (16.9)
Tetanus toxoid 204 (32.4) 575 (48.5) 909 (27.3)
Analgesia 441 (70.1) 726 (61.2) 2284 (68.5)
Antibiotics 282 (44.8) 354 (29.8) 1075 (32.2)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 81 (12.9) 177 (14.9) 285 (8.5)
Plaster/cast 68 (10.8) 91 (7.7) 256 (7.7)
Dressing/suturing/staples/incision and drainage 314 (49.9) 677 (57.1) 1266 (38.0)
Others 23 (3.7) 106 (8.9) 206 (6.2)
  1. *Total >100% as multiple responses were possible
  2. #missing: intent for 45.6% (n = 1520), provider for 10.2% (n = 339)
  3. Abbreviations: Activated prothrombin time (APTT); Liver function tests (LFTs); Renal function tests (RFTs); Prothrombin time (PT)