Skip to main content

Table 2 Odds Ratios of Frequent Use of the ED for Substance Use Disorder Patients with Psychiatric Comorbidity vs. Those Without

From: The association of psychiatric comorbidity and use of the emergency department among persons with substance use disorders: an observational cohort study

SUD Group 4 or more visits (CI) 8 or more visits (CI) 12 or more visits (CI) 16 or more visits (CI) 20 or more visits (CI)
Total SUD
N = 6865
3.0 (2.5, 3.4)A 4.0 (3.2, 4.9)A 5.0 (3.9, 6.5)A 5.0 (3.6, 7.0)A 5.6 (3.7, 8.4)A
Polysubstance
N = 1191
3.9 (2.8, 5.5)A 4.7 (2.7, 8.2)A 3.4 (1.6, 7.5)NS 2.7 (0.9, 7.6)NS 3.0 (0.7, 12.7)NS
Cocaine
N = 1453
3.5 (2.5, 4.9)A 6.4 (4.1, 10.1)A 6.8 (3.8, 12.1)A 9.1 (4.1, 20.0)A 9.3 (3.3, 25.7)A
Alc. Dependence
N = 1785
2.9 (2.1, 3.9)A 4.2 (2.8, 6.3)A 5.2 (3.1, 8.6)A 5.7 (3.1, 10.7)A 6.1 (2.8, 13.5)A
Alcohol Abuse
N = 2436
2.4 (1.8, 3.1)A 3.4 (2.4, 4.8)A 5.3 (3.5, 8.2)A 4.7 (2.8, 8.0)A 5.8 (3.1, 11.0)A
  1. Note: SUD = Substance Use Disorder. CI = Confidence interval. Alc. = Alcohol. A = p < .001. NS = non-significant.
\