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Table 2 Proportion of Case Reports Reporting Critical Information

From: Case reports describing treatments in the emergency medicine literature: missing and misleading information

Critical Element Percent Reporting 95% Confidence Interval
Description of Patient and Disease
Age and gender 99 95 – 100
Definition, severity and stage of disease 88.1 79 – 93
Co-Morbid conditions 45.2 35 – 56
Patient medications 29.7 21 – 40
Description of Interventions
Route or dose of medications or details of procedure described 79.7 70 – 87
Co-interventions 57.1 46 – 67
Description of Outcomes
Clinically relevant outcomes defined 90.4 82 – 95
Side effects reported 33.3 24 – 44
Threats to Generalizability anad Validity
Generalizability 28.6 20 – 39
Alternative explanations 27.4 19 – 38
Information about denominator 2.3 1 – 8