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Table 1 Demographics

From: Intracranial bleeding in patients with traumatic brain injury: A prognostic study

  All patients EDH haemorrhage SDH haemorrhage IPH haemorrhage SAH No bleeding
N 13962 (100%) 3140 (22.5%) 4204 (30.1%) 2990 (21.8%) 3025 (21.7%) 7517 (53.8%)
NFS   2,185 (70%) 1985 (47%) 2193 (73%)   
Small NA 536 (17%) 1168 (28%) 321(11%) NA NA
Large   419 (13% 1051 (25%) 476 (16%)   
Median Age 40.7 43.4 48.9 47.1 46.6 37.8
Male 10229 (73.3%) 2352 (74.9%) 3050 (72.5%) 2187 (73.1%) 2257 (74.6%) 5456 (72.6%)
Female 3733 (26.7%) 788 (25.1%) 1154 (27.5%) 803 (26.9%) 768 (25.4%) 2061 (27.4%)
Median GCS 13 11 10 11 8 14
Median ISS 18 25 25 25 25 13
RTC 6125 (43.9%) 1053 (33.5%) 1337 (31.8%) 1025 (34.3%) 1299 (42.9%) 3756 (50.0%)
Fall more > 2 m 2312 (16.6%) 753 (24.0%) 1026 (24.4%) 690 (23.1%) 715 (23.6%) 892 (11.9%)
Fall <2 m 2706 (19.4%) 720 (22.9%) 1119 (26.6%) 763 (25.5%) 561 (18.5%) 1238 (16.5%)
Other 2819 (20.2%) 614 (19.6%) 722 (17.2%) 512 (17.1%) 450 (14.9%) 1631 (21.7%)
Non NSU 7907 (56.6%) 1523 (48.5%) 2044 (48.6%) 1634 (54.6%) 1426 (47.1%) 4813 (64.0%)
NSU 6055 (43.4%) 1617 (51.5%) 2160 (51.4%) 1356 (45.4%) 1599 (52.9%) 2704 (36.0%)
Mortality 3065 (22.0%) 869 (27.7%) 1380 (32.8%) 950 (31.8%) 1222 (40.4%) 1098 (14.6%)
  1. NFS: No further specified; GCS: Glasgow coma scale; ISS: Injury severity score; RTC: Road traffic collision; NSU: Neurosurgical unit; EDH: Extradural haematoma; SDH: Subdural Haematoma; IPH: Intracerebral Haemorrhage