Skip to main content

Table 5 Factors associated with ROSC

From: Prevalence, outcomes and factors associated with adult in hospital cardiac arrests in a low-income country tertiary hospital: a prospective observational study

Risk factor Return of spontaneous circulation  
  No N = 21 (%) Yes N = 14 (%) p-value
Age    
18–44 14 (67.5) 7 (50.0)  
> 45 7 (20.5) 7 (28.6) 0.48
Sex    
Male 15 (72.2) 9 (64.3)  
Female 6 (27.8) 5 (35.7) 0.72
Unit/Ward    
ICU &Emergency wards 20 (9.1) 8 (28.6)  
Operating theater 1 (3.4) 6 (42.8) 1.0
Duration of illness in days    
≤ 7 16(74.6) 10 (71.4)  
> 7 5 (25.4) 4 (28.6) 1.0
Trauma type*    
Head injury 17(79.3) 4 (66.7)  
Polytrauma 4 (20.7) 2 (33.3) 0.58
Significant Admission diagnosis    
Trauma 12 (56.2) 7 (87.5) 0.06
Sepsis 9 (23.1) 0  
Comorbidity    
Hypertension & Diabetes 6(20.3) 3(66.7)  
HIV 5 (47.5) 0 0.25
Time of arrest    
8:00–19:59 7 (33.7) 10 (71.4)  
20:00–7.59 and Weekend 14(27.9) 4 (14.3) 0.04
Pre-arrest mean arterial pressure    
Normal 8(37.1) 6 (42.9)  
Abnormal 13 (62.9) 8 (57.1) 1.0
Pre-arrest pulse rate    
Normal 7 (34.3) 4 (28.3)  
Abnormal 14 (65.7) 9 (71.7) 1.0
Pre-arrest temperature    
Normal 4 (19.1) 14 (100)  
Abnormal 17 (80.9) 0 0.01
Pre-arrest random blood sugar    
Normal 4 (19.1) 0  
Abnormal 17(80.9) 14 (100) 0.13
Pre-arrest SPO2    
Normal 5 (23.5) 6 (42.9)  
Abnormal 16 (76.5) 8 (57.1) 0.28
Pre-arrest Glasgow Coma Scale    
<6 17 (51.2) 8(57.1)  
>6 4 (21.5) 6 (32.9) 0.15
Any call for help    
No (single provider CPR) 17 (81) 0  
Yes 4 (19) 14 (100) 0.01
Response time    
Immediate (0–2 min) 11 (52.4) 9(64.3)  
Delayed (>2 min) 10 (47..6) 5 (35.7) 0.72