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Table 2 Characteristics of the study population from selected countries compared with Norwegians

From: Use of emergency care services by immigrants—a survey of walk-in patients who attended the Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Clinic

  Norway Sweden Pakistan Somalia Poland
Number of patients (%)
OAEOC 2500 (100) 180 (100) 134 (100) 114 (100) 96 (100)
 DEGP (general emergency clinic) 1053 (42.2) 110 (61.1)** 73 (54.5)* 69 (60.5)** 50 (52.1)
 SOE (trauma clinic) 1447 (57.8) 70 (38.9)** 61 (45.5)* 45 (39.5)** 46 (47.9)
Gender (%)
 Female 1245 (50.1) 90 (50.0) 64 (48.5) 49 (44.5) 39 (40.6)
 Male 1241 (49.9) 90 (50.0) 68 (51.5) 61 (55.5) 57 (59.4)
Age in years, mean (SD) 29.6 ± 20.9 25.9 ± 11.7* 25.3 ± 18.1* 18.7 ± 15.3* 29.1 ± 15.6
Paediatric/adolescent proportion, 0–19 years (%) 812 (33.0) 17 (9.5)** 53 (41.7)* 57 (56.4)** 18 (19.1)*
Work status (%) a
 Employed 1485 (61.3) 152 (84.4)** 61 (47.7)* 39 (39.8)** 69 (75.0)*
 Social welfare benefits 222 (9.2) 11 (6.1) 12 (9.4) 15 (15.3)* 11 (12.0)
 Otherb 716 (29.6) 17 (9.4)** 55 (43)* 44 (44.9)* 12 (13.0)**
Self-reported use of OAEOC during the preceding 12 months (%)
 No visits 1355 (55.0) 86 (48.3) 53 (40.5)* 37 (34.9)** 49 (52.7)
 1–2 visits 828 (33.6) 62 (34.8) 51 (38.9) 45 (42.5) 33 (35.5)
 ≥ 3 visits 279 (11.3) 30 (16.9)* 27 (20.6)* 24 (22.6)** 11 (11.8)
 Mean number of visits 0.8 ± 1.2 1.1 ± 1.3* 1.4 ± 1.4** 1.4 ± 1.3** 0.9 ± 1.1
Self-reported use of RGP during the preceding 12 months (%) c
 No visits 522 (22.7) 18 (31.6) 14 (11.7)* 20 (20.6) 23 (37.7)*
 1–2 visits 997 (43.4) 28 (49.1) 44 (36.7) 41 (42.3) 23 (37.7)
 ≥ 3 visits 777 (33.8) 11 (19.3)* 62 (51.7)** 36 (37.1) 15 (24.6)
 Mean number of visits 1.9 ± 1.4 1.5 ± 1.3* 2.5 ± 1.4** 2.0 ± 1.4 1.5 ± 1.5*
Self-reported RGP registration status (%)
 Yes 2326 (95.6) 57 (31.8)** 125 (96.9) 98 (90.7)* 61 (64.9)**
 No 69 (2.8) 114 (63.7)** 3 (2.3) 8 (7.4)* 25 (26.6)**
 Do not know 37 (1.5) 8 (4.5)* 1 (0.8) 2 (1.9) 8 (8.5)**
  1. OAEOC (Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Clinic), Missing data: Gender (n = 20), Work status (n = 103), OAEOC visits (n = 54), RGP visits (n = 36), RGP status (n = 82)
  2. *Indicates a significant difference compared with Norwegians (p < 0.05), **p < 0.001
  3. a Work status of the relatives accompanying patients < 16 years
  4. b Other: pensioner, student, homemaker
  5. c Includes only patients who report having an RGP (n = 2667)