Skip to main content

Table 5 Environmental characteristics of RTC victims. Environment-related characteristics of respondents

From: Injury severity levels and associated factors among road traffic collision victims referred to emergency departments of selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the study based on the Haddon matrix

Variables Categories Frequency
(percentage)
Severity status x2
Severe Not severe
Time of collission 8 am to 2 pm 144 (39.7) 52 92 0.471
2 pm to 8 pm 127 (35) 41 86
8 pm to 2 am 45 (12.4) 20 25
2 am to 8 am 47 (12.9) 19 28
Lighting condition Day light 260 (71.6) 88 172 0.039
Dusk or dawn 40 (11) 13 27
Dark 63 (17.4) 31 32
Place of collission Urban road 195 (53.7) 55 140 0.000
Rural/cross city road 168 (46.3) 77 91
Weather condition Raining 65 (17.9) 20 45 0.431
Not raining 298 (82.1) 113 185
Road surface condition Asphalt 324 (89.3) 120 204 0.442
Gravel 39 (10.7) 12 27
Availability of Safety tools or signals Yes 117 (32.2) 33 84 0.030
No 230 (63.4) 92 138
Unknown 16 (4.4) 8 8
Persons extricated the victim at the scene Bystanders 266 (73.3) 107 159 0.039
Police 64 (17.6) 17 47
Healthcare professionals 33 (9.1) 8 25
Received pre hospital care Yes 52 (14.3) 14 38 0.126
No 311 (85.7) 118 193
Tight traffic police monitoring Yes 99 (27.3) 22 77 0.001
No 264 (72.7) 110 154
Mode of transport Ambulance 89 (24.5) 31 58 0.865
Other motorized Vehicle 252 (69.4) 92 160
Carried by people or non-motorized transportation 22 (6.1) 9 13
Pedestrian location from the road at the moment of collission (N = 144) Middle of the road 82 (56.9) 32 50 0.579
Left side for pedestrian 30 (20.8) 9 21
right side for pedestrian 32 (22.2) 10 22
Vehicle occupant seating location (N = 141) Front seat of any vehicle 52 (36.9) 12 40 0.042
Middle seat 54 (38.3) 14 40
Rear seat 16 (11.3) 6 10
At the back of truck 19 (13.5) 10 9