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Table 3 Changes in day-level work factors, provider well-being, and patient reports of ED care (segmented regression analyses)

From: Effects of work conditions on provider mental well-being and quality of care: a mixed-methods intervention study in the emergency department

Study outcomes ARIMA parameters  
Intercept Trend pre-intervention Level change Trend post- intervention Workload Goodness of fit (Rsq)
  β p β p β p β p β p  
Work system factors
 Time spent in breaks (in %) 2.64 .060 −.01 .834 −.67 .635 .04 .522 −.14 .181 .12
 Interruption rates by patients .46 .607 −.01 .588 −.31 .686 .04 .210 .02 .732 .29
 Interruption rates by relatives .26 .434 −.02 .067 −.67 .029 .02 .062 .03 .285 .37
 Interruption rates by colleagues of the same profession 3.84 .007 −.07 .041 1.04 .334 .06 .181 −.11 .291 .41
 Interruption rates by colleagues of other ED professions 2.36 .047 −.05 .103 −.98 .318 .095 .026 .02 .821 .31
Provider well-being  
 Work stress 1.36 .002 .01 .288 .57 .127 −.02 .155 .03 .369 .15
Quality of ED care (Patient reports)  
 Overall satisfaction with ED care 1.66 <.001 .01 .205 .08 .781 −.02 .197 .056 .016 .33
 Patient-oriented organization 3.24 <.001 −.01 .132 .08 .658 .02 .022 .000 .980 .67
 Patient-oriented interaction 4.63 <.001 −.01 .045 .16 .443 .01 .304 −.03 .093 .30
 Patient-oriented information 4.03 <.001 .00 .727 .03 .866 .01 .545 −.01 .553 .40
 Satisfaction with waiting time 4.09 <.001 −.02 .011 −.06 .778 .03 .011 −.04 .072 .48
  1. Legend. ARIMA: Autoregressive integrated moving average, Rsq: R-square, β: standardized regression coefficient, bolded if p < .05