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Table 1 Chinese prehospital delay studies published in English language (2016–2004)

From: The MEDEA FAR-EAST Study: Conceptual framework, methods and first findings of a multicenter cross-sectional observational study

Reference Zhang B et al. 2016 [15] Peny YG et al. 2014 [10] Wang X and Hsu L 2013 [13] Gao Y and Zhang HJ 2013 [9] Qian L et al. 2013 [11] Song L et al. 2010 [12] Zhang S et al. 2009 [16] Wu Y et al. 2004 [14]
Title Gender and Age Differences Associated with Prehospital Delay in Chinese Patients presenting with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Factors associated with prehospital delay in patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction Treatment-seeking delays in patients with acute myocardial infarction and use of the emergency medical service The effect of symptoms on prehospital delay time in patients with acute myocardial infarction Factors associated with decision time for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction Impact of patients’ symptom interpretation on care-seeking behaviors of patients with acute myocardial infarction Use of Emergency Medical Services in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction in China Factors associated with the extent of care-seeking delay for patients with acute myocardial infarction in Beijing
Setting/ No. of hospitals Liaoning Province/ 20 Beijing/ 1 Shanghai/ 3 Jinzhou/ 1 Whenzhou/ 1 Beijing/ 19 Beijing/ 21 Beijing/ 8
Study prospective, cross-sectional, multi-center cross-sectional cross-sectional, multi-center cross-sectional cross-sectional cross-sectional, multi-center prospective, cross-sectional, multi-center cross-sectional, multi-center
Sample size, diagnosis n = 1429, STEMI n = 1088, STEMI n = 250, AMI n = 116, AMI n = 100, AMI n = 799, STEMI n = 803, AMI n = 102. AMI
Reported results
 Sex 27.2% female 24.9% female 36.4% female 27.6% female 26% female 21.1% female 22.0% female 23.5% female
 Mean age (+/− SD) 60.94 yrs (+/−12.8) 63.5 yrs 64.1 yrs (+/− 13.9) 65.7 yrs (+/− 12.7) 61 yrs (+/−  13) 62 yrs (+/−  12)
 Years of education 65.7% (>  6 yrs) 47.2% (>  9 yrs) 78.0% (> 6 yrs) 38% (> 6 yrs) 16.3% (≥12 yrs) 57.2% (> 6 yrs) 75.5% (>  9 yrs)
 Insurance 58.1% 88.8% 89.0% 76.2% 73.7%
 Reinfarction 7.3% 24% 10.8% 33.6% 9.5% 9.5% 11.8%
 Chest pain 73.8% 84.7% 68.1% 82.1% 87.6% 87.3%
 Angina 28.4% 24.0% 25.9% 33.3%
 EMS-use 59% 30.8% 33.0% 39.5% 14.7%
 Median delay time 150 min 130 min 130min*
Median patient decision time
132 min 140 min
 Delay > 2 h 53.7% 51.4% 66.7% 55.4% 63%
  1. * = patient decision time