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Table 4 Completeness of documentation based on medical record review pre and post implementation

From: Implementation study of a 5-component pediatric early warning system (PEWS) in an emergency department in British Columbia, Canada, to inform provincial scale up

PEWS score componentPre-implementation
(n = 96)
Post-implementation
(n = 96)
Increasep-value *
Documentation of parameters at first assessment in the ED
 Respiratory rate60 (62.5)94 (97.9)57%< 0.01
 Oxygen concentration62 (64.6)90 (93.8)45%< 0.01
 Respiratory distress53 (55.2)88 (91.7)66%< 0.01
 Heart rate63 (65.6)94 (97.9)49%< 0.01
 Capillary refill time29 (30.2)86 (89.6)> 100%< 0.01
 Skin colour41 (42.7)86 (89.6)> 100%< 0.01
 Behaviour56 (58.3)91 (94.8)63%< 0.01
 Average52 (54.2)90 (93.6)84%< 0.01
Consistent documentation of parameters throughout ED stay a
 Respiratory rate30 (31.3)91 (94.8)> 100%< 0.01
 Oxygen concentration28 (29.2)83 (86.5)> 100%< 0.01
 Respiratory distress6 (6.3)80 (83.3)> 100%< 0.01
 Heart rate32 (33.3)94 (97.9)> 100%< 0.01
 Capillary refill time0 (0.0)81 (84.4)< 0.01
 Skin colour1 (1.0)82 (85.4)> 100%< 0.01
 Behaviour5 (5.2)82 (5.4)> 100%< 0.01
 Average15 (1.2)85 (88.2)> 100%< 0.01
  1. Note: Percentages are shown in parenthesis
  2. * p-value calculated with two-sample test for equality of proportions
  3. a Consistent documentation refers to documentation of each parameter with every assessment
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