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Table 2 Outcomesa

From: Prehospital arterial hypercapnia in acute heart failure is associated with admission to acute care units and emergency room length of stay: a retrospective cohort study

  All
(n = 106)
No prehospital hypercapnia
(n = 45)
Prehospital Hypercapnia
(n = 61)
p-value
Primary outcome
 ACU admission – n (%) 51 (48.1) 15 (33.3) 36 (59.0) 0.009
Secondary outcomes
 Emergency LOS (h) 6.9 ± 6.5 8.9 ± 9.0 5.4 ± 2.9 0.016
 Orientation from ER – n (%)     0.003
ICU admission 25 (23.6) 4 (8.9) 21 (34.4)  
HDU admission 26 (24.5) 11 (24.4) 15 (24.6)  
Ward 51 (48.1) 26 (57.8) 25 (41.0)  
Discharge directly from ER 4 (3.8) 4 (8.9) 0 (0.0)  
ETI – n (%) 5 (4.7) 0 (0.0) 5 (8.2) 0.071
Hospital LOS (d) 13.1 ± 9.4 11.9 ± 6.8 14.1 ± 10.7 0.187
Hospital mortality – n (%) 5 (4.7) 1 (2.2) 4 (6.6) 0.392
  1. a Plus–minus values are means ± standard deviation, Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding