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Table 1 Trauma center levels by the American College of Surgeons (ACS)

From: Identifying trauma patients with benefit from direct transportation to Level-1 trauma centers

  Level-1 Level-2 Level-3 Level-4
Goal Total care of every aspect of injury Definitive care for all injured patients Prompt assessment, resuscitation, surgery, intensive care and stabilization of injured patients and emergency operations. Provide ATLS prior to transfer patients to higher level trauma center
Coverage 24 h of all specialties 24 h surgeons, neurosurgery, anaesthesiology, emergency medicine and radiology 24 h emergency medicine Basic emergency department facilities
Volume Minimum annual volume of severely injured patients No minimum annual volume of severely injured patients No minimum annual volume of severely injured patients No minimum annual volume of severely injured patients