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Table 4 Surgical care and in-hospital mortality for patients treated at ICRC’s hospitals in Peshawar and Goma

From: Predicting surgical resource consumption and in-hospital mortality in resource-scarce conflict settings: a retrospective study

Surgical care and in-hospital morality Peshawar
Total = 657
Goma
Total = 177
 
n (% of total) Mean (SD) n (% of total) Mean (SD) P value
Surgical procedure under anesthesiaa
 Craniotomy 21 (3.2)   2 (1.1)   0.195
 Thoracotomy 8 (1.2)   0   0.214
 Chest-tube 67 (10.2)   9 (5.1)   0.039
 Laparotomy 82 (12.5)   14 (7.9)   0.111
 Peri. vasc. Repair 31 (4.7)   4 (2.3)   0.148
 Arm-amputation 11 (1.7)   3 (1.7)   1
 Leg-amputation 34 (5.2)   5 (2.8)   0.122
 Any amputation 38 (5.8) 0.06 (0.23) 8 (4.5) 0.05 (0.21) 0.513d
 Any frac. surgeryb 157 (23.9) 0.24 (0.43) 18 (10.2) 0.10 (0.30) < 0.001d
 Any soft tissue surgeryc 608 (92.5) 0.93 (0.26) 170 (96.0) 0.96 (0.20) 0.098d
 Any type of procedure 637 (97.0) 0.97 (0.17) 168 (94.9) 0.95 (0.22) 0.188d
Blood transfusion   0.19 (0.56)   0.34 (1.19) 0.521d
 0 units 543 (82.6)   153 (86.4)   0.356
 1–2 75 (11.4)   15 (8.5)   0.278
  ≥ 3 34 (5.2)   9 (5.1)   1
 Unknown 5 (0.8)   0   0.590
In-hospital mortality   0.03 (0.16)   0.02 (0.13) 0.431d
 No 639 (97.3)   174 (98.3)   
 Yes 18 (2.7)   3 (1.7)   
  1. aSome patients have been subjected to several procedures which results in more procedures than patients and sum of percentages more than 100; bExternal fixation, Kirchner wire, traction, or manipulation; cDebridement, split skin graft, delayed primary closure, burn care, or change of dressing; dP-value for comparison of mean