Skip to main content


General emergency medicine

This section publishes articles on emergency medicine not covered by the other sections, including but not limited to: pediatric EM, neurological and psychiatric EM, toxicology and poisoning management, infection and sepsis, ultrasound, healthcare services research.

Page 1 of 2

  1. Content type: Research article

    Uncompleted emergency department care and against-medical-advice discharge represent relevant medical problems with impact on patient safety and potential medicolegal and socioeconomic consequences. They may a...

    Authors: Carolin Hoyer, Patrick Stein, Angelika Alonso, Michael Platten and Kristina Szabo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:52

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Recanalisation therapy in acute ischaemic stroke is highly time-sensitive, and requires early identification of eligible patients to ensure better outcomes. Thus, a number of clinical assessment tools have bee...

    Authors: Daria Antipova, Leila Eadie, Ashish Macaden and Philip Wilson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:49

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Debate

    The demand on Emergency Departments and acute medical services is increasing internationally, creating pressure on health systems and negatively influencing the quality of delivered care. Visible consequences ...

    Authors: Marjolein N. T. Kremers, Prabath W. B. Nanayakkara, Marcel Levi, Derek Bell and Harm R. Haak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:40

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Female drug users report poorer physical and mental health than male drug users. We describe female and male patients treated for acute recreational drug toxicity, and look for gender differences in clinical s...

    Authors: Victoria Lykke Syse, Mette Brekke, Marit Mæhle Grimsrud, Per Sverre Persett, Fridtjof Heyerdahl, Knut Erik Hovda and Odd Martin Vallersnes

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:29

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Case report

    Snake envenomation is an underestimated pathology in sub-Saharan Africa associated with severe emergencies, and even death in case of late presentation. We herein present a case of severe envenomation managed ...

    Authors: Agnès Esiéné, Paul Owono Etoundi, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Arlette Junette Mbengono Metogo and Jacqueline Ze Minkande

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:26

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Patients with renal colic have a 7% chance of annual recurrence. Previous studies evaluating cumulative Abbreviations: computed tomography (CT) exposure for renal colic patients were typically from single cent...

    Authors: Emily Schmid, Kimberly Leeson, K. Tom Xu, Peter Richman, Crystal Nwosu and Lynn Carrasco

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:24

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Given the higher incidence of emergency conditions in older inhabitants, the global increase in aged population will pose a challenge for emergency services. In this study we examined the burden caused to emer...

    Authors: Mika Ukkonen, Esa Jämsen, Rainer Zeitlin and Satu-Liisa Pauniaho

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:20

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Emergency department utilization has increased tremendously over the past years, which is accompanied by an increased necessity for emergency medicine research to support clinical practice. Important sources o...

    Authors: Femke Nawijn, Wietske H. W. Ham, Roderick M. Houwert, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Falco Hietbrink and Diederik P. J. Smeeing

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:19

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Case report

    Pregnancy constitutes a significant factor in thyroid hypertrophy and can rarely progress to respiratory distress. We describe case of pregnant woman with acute respiratory distress following a tracheal compre...

    Authors: Sidi Driss El jaouhari, Nawfal Doghmi, Hamza Najout, Massine El hamouni, El hassane Kabiri, Hicham Bekkali, Jaafar Salim Lalaoui and Mustapha Bensghir

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:18

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Acute abdominal pain accounts for about 10% of emergency department visits and has progressively become the primary indication for CT scanning in most centers. The goal of our study is to identify biological o...

    Authors: Alexandra Platon, Chloe Frund, Laura Meijers, Thomas Perneger, Elisabeth Andereggen, Minerva Becker, Alice Halfon Poletti, Olivier T. Rutschmann and Pierre-Alexandre Poletti

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:10

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to describe the healthcare costs of intoxicated ICU patients in the year before and the year after ICU admission, and to compare their healthcare costs with non-intoxicated ICU patien...

    Authors: Ilse van Beusekom, Ferishta Bakhshi-Raiez, Nicolette F. de Keizer and Dylan W. de Lange

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:6

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Though substance use is a known risk factor for self-discharge, patients self-discharging during treatment for acute poisoning have not previously been described. We charted characteristics of patients self-di...

    Authors: Odd Martin Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg and Mette Brekke

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:5

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Management of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is still subject to debate. Although encouraging results of recent studies about outpatient management with chest drains fitted with a one-way valve, no data exist c...

    Authors: S. Kepka, J. C. Dalphin, J. B. Pretalli, A. L. Parmentier, D. Lauque, G. Trebes, F. Mauny and T. Desmettre

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:4

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Studies on the reliability of the MTS and its predictive power for hospitalisation and mortality in the older population have demonstrated mixed results. The objective is to evaluate the performance of the Man...

    Authors: Steffie H. A. Brouns, Lisette Mignot-Evers, Floor Derkx, Suze L. Lambooij, Jeanne P. Dieleman and Harm R. Haak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:3

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis severity of illness is challenging to measure using claims, which makes sepsis difficult to study using administrative data. We hypothesized that emergency department (ED) charges may be associated with...

    Authors: Nicholas M. Mohr, Ryan Dick-Perez, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Karisa K. Harland, Dan Shane, Daniel Miller, Christine Miyake, Levi Kannedy, Brian M. Fuller and James C. Torner

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:62

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    During the past three decades conflicting evidences have been published on the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE). The aim of this study is to descr...

    Authors: Stefano Aliberti, Valentina Diana Rosti, Chiara Travierso, Anna Maria Brambilla, Federico Piffer, Giuseppina Petrelli, Chiara Minelli, Daniele Camisa, Antonio Voza, Giovanna Guiotto and Roberto Cosentini

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:61

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can improve patient management in the emergency department (ED). However, previous studies have focused only on selected groups of patients, such as trauma, shock, dyspnea, or ...

    Authors: Jesper Weile, Christian B. Laursen, Christian A. Frederiksen, Ole Graumann, Erik Sloth and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:60

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Literature provides mixed results regarding the influence of large-scale sporting events on emergency department attendance. To contribute to the research on the subject, we sought to evaluate whether the broa...

    Authors: Jorge César Correia, Olivia Braillard, Christophe Combescure, Eric Gerstel and Hervé Spechbach

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:56

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Emergency medicine is characterized by a high patient flow where timely decisions are essential. Clinical decision support systems have the potential to assist in such decisions but will be dependent on the da...

    Authors: Niclas Skyttberg, Rong Chen and Sabine Koch

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:54

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Case report

    Factitious disorder causing hypoglycemia is a psychiatric condition in which patients deliberately use blood sugar lowering medications to cause severe symptoms for the purposes of hospitalization or other pri...

    Authors: Ashruta Patel and Gary Daniels

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:53

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    A new generation of ear thermometers with preheated tips and several measurements points should allow a more precise temperature measurement. The aim of the study was to evaluate if the ear temperature measure...

    Authors: Christian Backer Mogensen, Malene Bue Vilhelmsen, Johanne Jepsen, Lilian Keene Boye, Maiken Hjuler Persson and Florence Skyum

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:51

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The management of childhood intussusception in our sub-region is still via surgical intervention. Currently, the gold standard of treatment is non-operative reduction. We sought to assess the suitability of hy...

    Authors: Ademola Olusegun Talabi, Olusola Comfort Famurewa, Kayode Taiwo Bamigbola, Oludayo Adedapo Sowande, Babalola Ishmael Afolabi and Olusanya Adejuyigbe

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:46

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Pain management in the Emergency Department has often been described as inadequate, despite proven benefits of pain treatment protocols. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of our curren...

    Authors: Judith E. van Zanden, Susanne Wagenaar, Jozine M. ter Maaten, Jan C. ter Maaten and Jack J. M. Ligtenberg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:40

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis and septic shock are common problems in intensive care units (ICUs). The mortality of patients with sepsis or septic shock is high. We investigated if reduction in the serum concentration of the cytokin...

    Authors: Pham Thi Ngoc Thao, Ton Thanh Tra, Nguyen Truong Son and Koji Wada

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:39

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    Acute poisoning is a common chief complaint leading to emergency department visits and hospital admissions in developing countries such as Iran. Data describing the epidemiology of different poisonings, charac...

    Authors: Omid Mehrpour, Ayob Akbari, Firoozeh Jahani, Alireza Amirabadizadeh, Elaheh Allahyari, Borhan Mansouri and Patrick C. Ng

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:30

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Case report

    Smuggling of illegal drugs by hiding them inside one’s own body, also called body packing, is a worldwide phenomenon. Cocaine is the most frequently transported drug. Body packing is a potentially lethal pract...

    Authors: Miriam Luginbühl, Timo Junker and Dagmar I. Keller

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:29

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Multiresistant bacteria (MRB) is an increasing problem. Early identification of patients with MRB is mandatory to avoid transmission and to target the antibiotic treatment. The emergency department (ED) is a k...

    Authors: Christian B. Mogensen, Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Annmarie T. Lassen, Isik S. Johansen, Ming Chen, Poul Petersen, Karen V. Andersen, Svend Ellermann-Eriksen, Jørn M. Møller, Marc Ludwig, David Fuglsang-Damgaard, Finn Nielsen, Dan B. Petersen, Ulrich S. Jensen and Flemming S. Rosenvinge

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:25

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    There is little data describing pediatric emergencies in resource-poor countries, such as Pakistan. We studied the demographics, management, and outcomes of patients presenting to the highest-volume, public, p...

    Authors: Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N. Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood and Swaminatha Mahadevan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:22

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Although this has not been fully studied, videos and pictorial brochures might be equivalent methods of delivering HIV/AIDS and HIV testing information to emergency departments (ED) patients. It also is not kn...

    Authors: Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark and Michael P. Carey

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:21

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Liberal use of oxygen in an emergency situation is common. Today, most health care professionals do not adjust the amount of oxygen given when a saturation of 100% or a PaO2 which exceeds the normal range is r...

    Authors: Anna S. M. Dobbe, Renate Stolmeijer, Jan C. ter Maaten and Jack J. M. Ligtenberg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:17

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to test the diagnostic value of baseline and early change of C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations, evaluated separately or in combination with the modified Alvarado score (MAS), in ...

    Authors: Mohamed Amine Msolli, Kaouther Beltaief, Wahid Bouida, Nahla Jerbi, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Hamdi Boubaker, Riadh Boukef and Semir Nouira

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:15

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Since the 1990s, community-associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as an important global cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Little is known about the epidemiology of t...

    Authors: Muna Al Jalaf, Hanan Fadali, Rasha Alanee, Firas Najjar, Zulfa Al Deesi, Rania M. Seliem and Eric J. Nilles

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:12

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 80% of patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) with chest pain do not have any true cardiopulmonary emergency such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, psychological contributors ...

    Authors: Paul I. Musey Jr, John A. Lee, Cassandra A. Hall and Jeffrey A. Kline

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:10

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Studies investigating different medical conditions and settings have demonstrated mixed results regarding the weekend effect. However, data on the outcome of elderly patients hospitalised on weekends is scarce...

    Authors: Steffie H. A. Brouns, Joyce J. Wachelder, Femke S. Jonkers, Suze L. Lambooij, Jeanne P. Dieleman and Harm R. Haak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:9

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Triage is used to prioritize the patients in the emergency department. The majority of the triage systems include the patients’ pain score to assess their level of acuity by using a combination of patient repo...

    Authors: Martin Høhrmann Hangaard, Brian Malling and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:8

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Case report

    Surgical cricothyroidotomy is considered to be the last resort for management of the difficult airway. A major point for a successful surgical cricothyroidotomy is to identify the location of the cricothyroid ...

    Authors: Hiromu Okano, Kohji Uzawa, Kunitaro Watanabe, Akira Motoyasu, Joho Tokumine, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Tomoko Yorozu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:5

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Clinical handover is an important process for the transition of patient-care responsibility to the next healthcare provider, but it may divert the attention of the team away from active patients. This is chall...

    Authors: Sami Alsolamy, Atheer Al-Sabhan, Najla Alassim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Hani Tamim and Yaseen M Arabi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:3

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Case report

    Pneumocephalus, illustrated by air in the cranial vault is relatively infrequent and generally associated with neurosurgery, trauma, meningitis and barotrauma. However cases of spontaneous non-traumatic pneumo...

    Authors: Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B. Dennis, Dilip Shah and Winfred Baah

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:2

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    While emergency airway management training is conventionally conducted via face-to-face learning (F2FL) workshops, there are inherent cost, time, place and manpower limitations in running such workshops. Blend...

    Authors: Madeleine Huei Tze Kho, Keng Sheng Chew, Muhaimin Noor Azhar, Mohd Lotfi Hamzah, Kee Man Chuah, Aida Bustam and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:1

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    The early warning score (EWS) was developed to identify deteriorating patients early. It is a track-and-trigger system based on vital signs designed to direct appropriate clinical responses based on the seriou...

    Authors: John Asger Petersen, Lars S. Rasmussen and Susan Rydahl-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:36

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    As many as 12% of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients screen positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms due to their cardiac event, and emergency department (ED) factors such as overcrowdin...

    Authors: Beatrice Konrad, David Hiti, Bernard P. Chang, Jessica Retuerto, Jacob Julian and Donald Edmondson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:33

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis management in the Emergency Department remains a daily challenge. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) has released three-hour bundle. The implementation of these bundles in European Emergency Department...

    Authors: Philippe Le Conte, Séverin Thibergien, Jean Batiste Obellianne, Emmanuel Montassier, Gilles Potel, Pierre Marie Roy and Eric Batard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:27

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Study protocol

    Overuse of antibiotics is a major public health problem, contributing to growing antibiotic resistance. Procalcitonin has been reported to be commonly elevated in bacterial, but not viral infection. Multiple E...

    Authors: David T. Huang, Derek C. Angus, Chung-Chou H. Chang, Yohei Doi, Michael J. Fine, John A. Kellum, Octavia M. Peck-Palmer, Francis Pike, Lisa A. Weissfeld, Jonathan Yabes and Donald M. Yealy

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:25

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews call for well-designed trials with clearly described intervention components to support the effectiveness of educational campaigns to reduce patient delay in stroke presentation. We herein d...

    Authors: Caterina Caminiti, Peter Schulz, Barbara Marcomini, Elisa Iezzi, Silvia Riva, Umberto Scoditti, Andrea Zini, Giovanni Malferrari, Maria Luisa Zedde, Donata Guidetti, Enrico Montanari, Mario Baratti and Licia Denti

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:20

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhage is the main cause of maternal death during pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate incidence and outcomes of Severe Ante Partum Hemorrhage (SAPH) during the third trimester of pregnancy prior to deli...

    Authors: Martin Lankoande, Papougnezambo Bonkoungou, Sosthène Ouandaogo, Marcelin Dayamba, Ali Ouedraogo, Francis Veyckmans and Nazinigouba Ouédraogo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:17

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    There is no common understanding of how needs of emergency department (ED) frequent users differ from other patients. This study sought to examine how to best serve this population. Examinations of why ED freq...

    Authors: Lauren E. Birmingham, Thaddeus Cochran, Jennifer A. Frey, Kirk A. Stiffler and Scott T. Wilber

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:16

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level h...

    Authors: Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger and Martin W. Dünser

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:15

    Published on:

2018 Journal Metrics