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General emergency medicine

This section publishes articles on emergency medicine not covered by the other sections, including but not limited to: pediatric EM, neurological and psychiatric EM, toxicology and poisoning management, infection and sepsis, ultrasound, healthcare services research.

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  1. Although the shock index is known to predict mortality and other severe outcomes, deriving it requires complex calculations. Subtracting the systolic blood pressure from the heart rate may produce a simple sho...

    Authors: Yohei Kamikawa and Hiroyuki Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:87

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The aim of the emergency department (ED) triage is to recognize critically ill patients and to allocate resources. No strong evidence for accuracy of the current triage instruments, especially for the older ad...

    Authors: Kirsi Kemp, Janne Alakare, Veli-Pekka Harjola, Timo Strandberg, Jukka Tolonen, Lasse Lehtonen and Maaret Castrén

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Emergency department personnel routinely bear witness to traumatic experiences and critical incidents that can affect their own well-being. Peer support through debriefing has demonstrated positive impacts on ...

    Authors: Laura Cantu and Listy Thomas

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of this review is to elucidate the efficacy and side effects of ketofol in comparison to other anaesthetic agents during procedural sedation and analgesia.

    Authors: Tze Yong Foo, Norhayati Mohd Noor, Mohd Boniami Yazid, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Shaik Farid Abdull Wahab and Mohammad Zikri Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) is a common complication of sepsis that may result in worse outcomes. This study was designed to determine the epidemiology, clinical features, and risk factors of SAE.

    Authors: Jiayi Chen, Xiaobei Shi, Mengyuan Diao, Guangyong Jin, Ying Zhu, Wei Hu and Shaosong Xi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  6. More than half of deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) result from conditions that could be treated with emergency care - an integral component of universal health coverage (UHC) - through timely...

    Authors: Fiona E. Lecky, Teri Reynolds, Olubukola Otesile, Sara Hollis, Janette Turner, Gordon Fuller, Ian Sammy, Jean Williams-Johnson, Heike Geduld, Andrea G. Tenner, Simone French, Ishtar Govia, Julie Balen, Steve Goodacre, Sujan B. Marahatta, Shaheem DeVries…

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:68

    Content type: Research article

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  7. People living in rural areas usually suffer comparatively disadvantaged emergency health care than those living in urban areas, reasons including long transit time due to geographic factors. As for many time c...

    Authors: Xing Fu, Philip Wilson and Wing Sun Faith Chung

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:65

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Selecting stroke patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) based on prehospital stroke scales could provide a faster triage and transportation to a comprehensive stroke centre resulting a favourable outcome. ...

    Authors: Gabor Tarkanyi, Peter Csecsei, Istvan Szegedi, Evelin Feher, Adam Annus, Tihamer Molnar and Laszlo Szapary

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Syncope is a frequent reason for referral to the emergency department. After excluding a potentially life-threatening condition, the second objective is to find the cause of syncope. The objective of this stud...

    Authors: Veera K. van Wijnen, Reinold O. B. Gans, Wouter Wieling, Jan C. ter Maaten and Mark P. M. Harms

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:59

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Malnutrition often occurs in acute stroke patients receiving enteral tube feeding (ETF). Unless malnutrition is improved, their clinical outcome is poor. However, strategies to improve malnutrition in these pa...

    Authors: Takahisa Mori and Kazuhiro Yoshioka

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:56

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Massive infusions of crystalloids into bleeding hypotensive patients can worsen the outcome. Military experience suggests avoiding crystalloids using early damage control resuscitation with blood components in...

    Authors: Pauli Vuorinen, Joonas-Eemeli Kiili, Piritta Setälä, Antti Kämäräinen and Sanna Hoppu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:55

    Content type: Research article

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  12. No study to date has looked at the gender of emergency medicine (EM) physicians in the United States in relation to admission rates. This study seeks to investigate admission rates of adult patients treated by...

    Authors: Hisham Valiuddin, Hope Ring, Michelle Fallon and Yaser Valiuddin

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:54

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Acute appendicitis is a global disease and a very common indication for emergency surgery worldwide. The need for hospital resources is therefore constantly high. The administration in Kanta-Häme Central Hospi...

    Authors: Artur Ojakäär, Martin Purdy, Aristotelis Kechagias, Ulla Järvelin and Ari Palomäki

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Sepsis is a common problem encountered in the emergency room which needs to be intervened early. Predicting prognosis is always a difficult task in busy emergency rooms using present scores, which has several ...

    Authors: Rajan Ghimire, Yogendra Man Shakya, Tirtha Man Shrestha and Ram Prasad Neupane

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) syndromes are a common reason for empirical antibiotics to be prescribed in the Emergency Department (ED), but differentiating UTI from other conditions with a similar p...

    Authors: Laura J. Shallcross, Patrick Rockenschaub, David McNulty, Nick Freemantle, Andrew Hayward and Martin J. Gill

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints among patients admitted to the Emergency Department (ED). Diagnosis and management of abdominal pain may be a challenge and there are patients who require ad...

    Authors: Artur Kacprzyk, Tomasz Stefura, Katarzyna Chłopaś, Kaja Trzeciak, Aleksandra Załustowicz, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Michał Pędziwiatr, Kazimierz Rembiasz and Piotr Major

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In recent years, researchers and clinicians have been developing prognostic prediction tools (PPTs) as a way of identifying patients at risk of deterioration. The use of PPTs in the clinical environment not on...

    Authors: Claire O’Neill, Hayley A. Hutchings, Zoe Abbott and Ceri Battle

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Obstetric and gynecological (OBGY) diseases are among the most important differential diagnoses for young women with acute abdominal pain. However, there are few established clinical prediction rules for scree...

    Authors: Asami Okada, Yohei Okada, Hiroyuki Fujita and Ryoji Iiduka

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Applying excessive force during endotracheal intubation (ETI) is associated with several complications, including dental trauma and hemodynamic alterations. A gum-elastic bougie (GEB), a type of tracheal tube ...

    Authors: Yuko Ono, Kazuaki Shinohara, Jiro Shimada, Shigeaki Inoue and Joji Kotani

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:34

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Examination of serum lactate level and its changes, as an indicator of tissue oxygenation, as well as level of creatine kinase (CK) inhibitors, as a factor of mortality which partially expresses heart, brain, ...

    Authors: Alireza Golaghaei, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Shahin Shadnia, Nasim Zamani and Fatemeh Amraei

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To report on prevalence of gout flare in emergency departments and to report the quality of gout care in emergency departments and causes of admission at emergency departments.

    Authors: Patapong Towiwat, Pariwat Phungoen, Kitti Tantrawiwat, Pavita Laohakul, Duangkamol Aiewruengsurat, Chokchai Thanadetsuntorn, Nopparat Ruchakorn, Passagorn Sangsawangchot and Bodin Buttham

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:27

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The definition of sepsis is regularly updated; however, there is no standard diagnostic test. To improve diagnosis and prognostic prediction, the aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of circ...

    Authors: Lifeng Wang, Wei Zhou, Kaiwen Wang, Shuangjun He and Yi Chen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Patients in need of acute health care do not always contact the most suitable health care service provider. Contacting out-of-hours primary care for an urgent problem may delay care, whereas contacting emergen...

    Authors: Linda Huibers, Anders H. Carlsen, Grete Moth, Helle C. Christensen, Ingunn S. Riddervold and Morten B. Christensen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:20

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Fever is a common symptom when patients present to Emergency Departments. It is unclear if the febrile response of bacteremic hemodialysis-dependent patients differs from bacteremic patients not receiving hemo...

    Authors: Sarah L. Weatherall, Alison B. Chambers and Leonard A. Mermel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Irish ambulance services have traditionally transported all patients following an emergency (112/999) call, regardless of acuity, to an emergency department (ED). A proposal to introduce Treat and Referral...

    Authors: Brian Power, Gerard Bury and John Ryan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:81

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Diagnostic error occurs more frequently in the emergency department than in regular in-patient hospital care. We sought to characterise the nature of reported diagnostic error in hospital emergency departments...

    Authors: Faris Hussain, Alison Cooper, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Liam Donaldson, Peter Hibbert, Thomas Hughes and Adrian Edwards

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sepsis is a potential life threatening dysregulated immune response to an infection, which can result in multi-organ failure and death. Unfortunately, good prognostic markers are lacking in patients with suspe...

    Authors: Jan Willem Uffen, Patrick Oomen, Marieke de Regt, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert and Karin Kaasjager

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:76

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Sepsis is a leading cause of death worldwide and a major challenge for physicians to predict and manage. Proenkephalin A 119–159 (penKid) is a reliable surrogate marker for the more unstable endogenous opioid ...

    Authors: Mari Rosenqvist, Kevin Bronton, Oliver Hartmann, Andreas Bergmann, Joachim Struck and Olle Melander

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:75

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The diagnosis of pediatric pancreatitis has been increasing over the last 15 years but the etiology of this is uncertain. The population of pre-adolescent patients with pancreatitis in the emergency department...

    Authors: Melanie M. Randall, Sarah McDaniels, Kristina Kyle, Meina Michael, Julia Giacopuzzi and Lance A. Brown

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:71

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Occult hemorrhagic shock secondary to uterine rupture represents a true obstetric emergency and can result in significant morbidity and mortality for both the patient and the fetus. Multiparity and prior cesar...

    Authors: Baruch Berzon, Michael Gleenberg, Joseph Offenbacher and Debra West

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:70

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:4

  31. The number of Global Emergency Medicine (GEM) Fellowship training programs are increasing worldwide. Despite the increasing number of GEM fellowships, there is not an agreed upon approach for assessment of GEM...

    Authors: Haiko Kurt Jahn, James Kwan, Gerard O’Reilly, Heike Geduld, Katherine Douglass, Andrea Tenner, Lee Wallis, Janis Tupesis and Hani O. Mowafi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:68

    Content type: Debate

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  32. To test if the 5-item compassion measure (a tool previously validated in the outpatient setting to measure patient assessment of clinician compassion) is a valid and reliable tool to quantify a distinct constr...

    Authors: Praveen Sabapathi, Michael B. Roberts, Brian M. Fuller, Michael A. Puskarich, Christopher W. Jones, J. Hope Kilgannon, Valerie Braz, Christina Creel-Bulos, Nathaniel Scott, Kristina L. Tester, Anthony Mazzarelli, Stephen Trzeciak and Brian W. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:63

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Emergency Department (ED) overcrowding adversely affects patients’ health, accessibility, and quality of healthcare systems for communities. Several studies have addressed this issue. This study aimed to condu...

    Authors: Hamid Reza Rasouli, Ali Aliakbar Esfahani and Mohsen Abbasi Farajzadeh

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:62

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Uncompleted emergency department care and against-medical-advice discharge represent relevant medical problems with impact on patient safety and potential medicolegal and socioeconomic consequences. They may a...

    Authors: Carolin Hoyer, Patrick Stein, Angelika Alonso, Michael Platten and Kristina Szabo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:52

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Recanalisation therapy in acute ischaemic stroke is highly time-sensitive, and requires early identification of eligible patients to ensure better outcomes. Thus, a number of clinical assessment tools have bee...

    Authors: Daria Antipova, Leila Eadie, Ashish Macaden and Philip Wilson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:49

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The demand on Emergency Departments and acute medical services is increasing internationally, creating pressure on health systems and negatively influencing the quality of delivered care. Visible consequences ...

    Authors: Marjolein N. T. Kremers, Prabath W. B. Nanayakkara, Marcel Levi, Derek Bell and Harm R. Haak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:40

    Content type: Debate

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  37. Female drug users report poorer physical and mental health than male drug users. We describe female and male patients treated for acute recreational drug toxicity, and look for gender differences in clinical s...

    Authors: Victoria Lykke Syse, Mette Brekke, Marit Mæhle Grimsrud, Per Sverre Persett, Fridtjof Heyerdahl, Knut Erik Hovda and Odd Martin Vallersnes

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:29

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Snake envenomation is an underestimated pathology in sub-Saharan Africa associated with severe emergencies, and even death in case of late presentation. We herein present a case of severe envenomation managed ...

    Authors: Agnès Esiéné, Paul Owono Etoundi, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Arlette Junette Mbengono Metogo and Jacqueline Ze Minkande

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:26

    Content type: Case report

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    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2020 20:23

  39. Patients with renal colic have a 7% chance of annual recurrence. Previous studies evaluating cumulative Abbreviations: computed tomography (CT) exposure for renal colic patients were typically from single cent...

    Authors: Emily Schmid, Kimberly Leeson, K. Tom Xu, Peter Richman, Crystal Nwosu and Lynn Carrasco

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:24

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Given the higher incidence of emergency conditions in older inhabitants, the global increase in aged population will pose a challenge for emergency services. In this study we examined the burden caused to emer...

    Authors: Mika Ukkonen, Esa Jämsen, Rainer Zeitlin and Satu-Liisa Pauniaho

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:20

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Emergency department utilization has increased tremendously over the past years, which is accompanied by an increased necessity for emergency medicine research to support clinical practice. Important sources o...

    Authors: Femke Nawijn, Wietske H. W. Ham, Roderick M. Houwert, Rolf H. H. Groenwold, Falco Hietbrink and Diederik P. J. Smeeing

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:19

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Pregnancy constitutes a significant factor in thyroid hypertrophy and can rarely progress to respiratory distress. We describe case of pregnant woman with acute respiratory distress following a tracheal compre...

    Authors: Sidi Driss El jaouhari, Nawfal Doghmi, Hamza Najout, Massine El hamouni, El hassane Kabiri, Hicham Bekkali, Jaafar Salim Lalaoui and Mustapha Bensghir

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:18

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Acute abdominal pain accounts for about 10% of emergency department visits and has progressively become the primary indication for CT scanning in most centers. The goal of our study is to identify biological o...

    Authors: Alexandra Platon, Chloe Frund, Laura Meijers, Thomas Perneger, Elisabeth Andereggen, Minerva Becker, Alice Halfon Poletti, Olivier T. Rutschmann and Pierre-Alexandre Poletti

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:10

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Though substance use is a known risk factor for self-discharge, patients self-discharging during treatment for acute poisoning have not previously been described. We charted characteristics of patients self-di...

    Authors: Odd Martin Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg and Mette Brekke

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:5

    Content type: Research article

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2018 Journal Metrics

  • Citation Impact
    1.48 - 2-year Impact Factor
    2.1 - CiteScore
    1.083 - SNIP (Source-Normalized Impact per Paper)
    0.647 - SJR (SCImago Journal Rank)

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