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Resuscitation and cardiac emergency medicine

Section edited by Fabio Silvio Taccone

This section considers manuscripts on all aspects of resuscitation and cardiac EM, including but not limited to: thromboembolism, respiratory failure and stroke.

  1. Content type: Research article

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) requires immediate start of manual chest compression (MCC) and defibrillation as soon as possible. During dental surgery, CPR could be started in the dental chair considerin...

    Authors: Norimasa Awata, Takashi Hitosugi, Yoichiro Miki, Masanori Tsukamoto, Yoshifumi Kawakubo and Takeshi Yokoyama

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:46

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite the high sensitivity and negative predictive value of contemporary high-sensitivity troponin T assays (hsTnT), creatine kinase (CK) continues to be routinely tested for the diagnosis of acute coronary ...

    Authors: Evan J. Wiens, Jorden Arbour, Kristjan Thompson and Colette M. Seifer

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:37

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In periarrest situations and during resuscitation it is essential to rule out reversible causes. Hyperkalemia is one of the most common, reversible causes of periarrest situations. Typical electrocardiogram (E...

    Authors: Csaba Varga, Zsolt Kálmán, Alíz Szakáll, Kata Drubits, Márton Koch, Róbert Bánhegyi, Tibor Oláh, Éva Pozsgai, Norbert Fülöp and József Betlehem

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:33

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The substantial increase in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China over the last three decades warrants comprehensive preventive primary and secondary strategies. Prolonged prehospital delay (PHD) has been ide...

    Authors: Sophia Hoschar, Jiangqi Pan, Zhen Wang, Xiaoyan Fang, Xian’e Tang, Weiqi Shi, Rongxiang Tu, Peng Xi, Wenliang Che, Hongbao Wang, Yawei Li, Kurt Fritzsche, Xuebo Liu, Karl-Heinz Ladwig and Wenlin Ma

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:31

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provides a significant increase in survival rate, even if performed by bystanders. However, bystanders may refrain from performing CPR for fear of eventual malpractice litig...

    Authors: Aspasia Deliliga, Fotios Chatzinikolaou, Dimitrios Koutsoukis, Ioannis Chrysovergis and Polychronis Voultsos

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:23

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory compromise is the leading cause of cardiac arrest and death among paediatric patients. Emergency medicine is a new field in low-income countries (LICs); the presentation, treatment and outcomes of ...

    Authors: Biita Muhanuzi, Hendry R. Sawe, Said S. Kilindimo, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:21

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Hyperoxia following out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with a poor outcome. Animal data suggest the first hour post resuscitation may be the most important. In the UK the first hour usually oc...

    Authors: Matthew Thomas, Sarah Voss, Jonathan Benger, Kim Kirby and Jerry P. Nolan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:16

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Creating a patent airway by cricothyrotomy is the ultimate maneuver to allow oxygenation (and ventilation) of the patient. Given the rarity of airway management catastrophes necessitating cricothyrotomy, suffi...

    Authors: Patrick Schober, Tessa Biesheuvel, Marcel A. de Leeuw, Stephan A. Loer and Lothar A. Schwarte

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:12

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Renal failure carries high mortality even in high-resource countries. Little attention has been paid to renal failure patients presenting acutely in emergency care settings in low-to-middle income countries (L...

    Authors: Erasto Sylvanus, Hendry R. Sawe, Biita Muhanuzi, Elly Mulesi, Juma A. Mfinanga, Ellen J. Weber and Said Kilindimo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a major cause of mortality worldwide. When basic life support techniques are implemented quickly, the chance of survival is doubled. Therefore, this study evaluated public awa...

    Authors: Samiha Jarrah, Mahfuz Judeh and Mohannad Eid AbuRuz

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:37

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Platelet variables, including platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV), have been associated with outcome in critically ill patients. We evaluated these variables in patients after card...

    Authors: Antonella Cotoia, Federico Franchi, Chiara De Fazio, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur and Fabio Silvio Taccone

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:31

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used in resuscitation of critically ill patients with documented improved survival. Few studies describe ECMO use in cardiogenic shock. This study exa...

    Authors: Rayan El Sibai, Rana Bachir and Mazen El Sayed

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:20

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Contemporary resuscitation guidelines for basic life support recommend an immediate onset of cardiac compressions in case of cardiac arrest followed by rescue breaths. Effective ventilation is often omitted du...

    Authors: Patricia Fuchs, Juliane Obermeier, Svend Kamysek, Martin Degner, Hannes Nierath, Henning Jürß, Hartmut Ewald, Jens Schwarz, Martin Becker and Jochen K. Schubert

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:37

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  14. Content type: Research article

    There are approximately 60,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in the United Kingdom (UK) each year. Within the UK there are well-established clinical practice guidelines that define when resuscitation ...

    Authors: J. Brandling, K. Kirby, S. Black, S. Voss and J. Benger

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:24

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Chest compressions are a core element of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. Despite periodic training, real-life chest compressions have been reported to be overly shallow and/or fast, very likely affecting patie...

    Authors: Leopold Haffner, Moritz Mahling, Alexander Muench, Christoph Castan, Paul Schubert, Aline Naumann, Silke Reddersen, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Jörg Reutershan, Reimer Riessen and Nora Celebi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:7

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Student training in use of automated external defibrillators and deployment of such defibrillators in schools is recommended to increase survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Low implementation rates ...

    Authors: Line Zinckernagel, Carolina Malta Hansen, Morten Hulvej Rod, Fredrik Folke, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:3

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) are not infrequent presenting problems in Emergency Departments (ED); however, little is known of the pattern of these presentations. This study provides a description of A...

    Authors: Rhonda J. Rosychuk, Michelle M. Graham, Brian R. Holroyd and Brian H. Rowe

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:2

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain low, despite remarkable efforts to improve care. A number of ambulance services in the United Kingdom (UK) have developed prehospital critical c...

    Authors: Johannes von Vopelius-Feldt, Jane Powell, Richard Morris and Jonathan Benger

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:47

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has traditionally involved classroom-based courses or, more recently, home-based video self-instruction. These methods typically require preparation and purchase fe...

    Authors: Gregory K. Wanner, Arayel Osborne and Charlotte H. Greene

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:45

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Improved ability to rapidly rule-out Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in patients presenting with chest pain will promote decongestion of the Emergency Department (ED) and reduce unnecessary hospital admissio...

    Authors: Joanna M. Young, John W. Pickering, Peter M. George, Sally J. Aldous, John Wallace, Chris M. Frampton, Richard W. Troughton, Mark A. Richards, Jaimi H. Greenslade, Louise Cullen and Martin P. Than

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:34

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in deve...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:28

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Non-traumatic cardiac arrest is a fatal emergency condition. Its survival rate and outcomes may be better with quick and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Telemedicine such as telephone or real ti...

    Authors: Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Sorravit Sawatmongkornkul, Jarupol Tuangsirisup, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth and Yuwares Sittichanbuncha

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:25

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, early treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) victims has been improved in several ways, leading to more optimistic over all prognoses. However, the global survival rate after out-of-hospital CA (...

    Authors: Ida Wibrandt, Kristine Norsted, Henrik Schmidt and Jens Schierbeck

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:3

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