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Trauma emergency medicine

Section edited by Fiona Lecky

This section publishes articles on all aspects of trauma management including, but not limited to: head and neck injury, pelvic fracture, acute musculoskeletal trauma and cut injuries, trauma systems.

  1. Content type: Research article

    Recently, road traffic injuries (RTIs) have become a major health problem affecting health systems in many low- and middle-income countries. Regardless of whether an ambulance is available for evacuation, poli...

    Authors: Gift G. Lukumay, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka, Menti L. Ndile and Britt-Inger Saveman

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:51

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Injuries directly lead to 5 million deaths every year, accounting for 9% of all deaths worldwide. While knowledge of the pattern of injuries is essential to plan health interventions to reduce the incidence of...

    Authors: Paa-Kwesi Blankson, Joachim K. A. Amoako, Kwaku Asah-Opoku, Francis Odei-Ansong and Margaret Y. Lartey

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:39

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Rib fractures are common in ageing people after trauma and delirium is a complication often seen in acutely hospitalized elderly patients. For both conditions, elderly have an increased risk for institutionali...

    Authors: Ties L. Janssen, Elmand Hosseinzoi, Dagmar I. Vos, Eelco J. Veen, Paul G. H. Mulder, Adrianus M. van der Holst and Lijckle van der Laan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:34

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Road Traffic Incident (RTI) has been commonly reported as a major public health problem around the world and the incidence is higher in low and middle income countries, such as Ethiopia than high income countr...

    Authors: Bewket Tadesse Tiruneh, Berhanu Boru Bifftu and Berihun Assefa Dachew

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:25

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The outcomes of trauma are considered to be time dependent. Efficient and timely pre-referral stabilization of trauma patients has been shown to impact survival. Tanzania has no formal pre-hospital or trauma s...

    Authors: Nanyori J. Lucumay, Hendry R. Sawe, Amour Mohamed, Erasto Sylvanus, Upendo George, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:22

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present review is to assess the effectiveness of ultrasound (US) in the detection of upper and lower limb bone fractures in adults compared to a diagnostic gold standard available in secondary a...

    Authors: Natalie Champagne, Leila Eadie, Luke Regan and Philip Wilson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:17

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol and illicit drugs have been found to be major contributing factors leading to severe injuries in a variety of settings. In Tanzania, the use of these substances among injured patients has not been stud...

    Authors: Müller M. Mundenga, Hendry R. Sawe, Michael S. Runyon, Victor G. Mwafongo, Juma A. Mfinanga and Brittany L. Murray

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:15

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Whether enhanced prehospital volume therapy leads to outcome improvements in severely injured patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Bjoern Hussmann, Carsten Schoeneberg, Pascal Jungbluth, Matthias Heuer, Rolf Lefering, Teresa Maek, Frank Hildebrand, Sven Lendemans and Hans-Christoph Pape

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:13

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Globally, about 1.25 million people die annually from road trafficcollisions. Evidence from global safety report shows a decreasing trend of road traffic injury indeveloped countries while there is an increasi...

    Authors: Ararso Baru, Aklilu Azazh and Lemlem Beza

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2019 19:2

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To describe pre-hospital, emergency department and acute care assessment and management practices of senior clinicians for patients with acute traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) across Australia; and to descr...

    Authors: Lisa N. Sharwood, Shelly Dhaliwal, Jonathon Ball, Brian Burns, Oliver Flower, Anthony Joseph, Ralph Stanford and James Middleton

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:57

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Secondary insults (SI), such as hypotension, hypoxia, and intracranial hypertension frequently occur after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and have a strong impact on patients’ clinical outcomes. The aim of this...

    Authors: Paola Cristina Volpi, Chiara Robba, Matteo Rota, Alessia Vargiolu and Giuseppe Citerio

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:52

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Improved trauma management can reduce the time between injury and medical interventions, thus decreasing morbidity and mortality. Triage at the emergency department is essential to ensure prioritization and ti...

    Authors: Maria Lampi, Johan P. E. Junker, John S. Tabu, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson and Andreas Wladis

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:49

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  13. Content type: Research article

    A surgical airway is usually unpredictable in trauma patients. The aim of this study was to develop a predictable scoring system to determine the need for a surgical airway by using a database from a large mul...

    Authors: Kei Hayashida, Shokei Matsumoto, Mitsuhide Kitano and Junichi Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:48

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The availability of prehospital trauma care is an important means of reducing serious injuries and fatalities associated with road traffic injuries (RTIs). Lay responders such as traffic police play an importa...

    Authors: Gift G. Lukumay, Menti L. Ndile, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka, Mojgan Padyab, Britt-Inger Saveman and Susann Backteman-Erlanson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:45

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In 2013 the Scandinavian Neurotrauma Committee (SNC) published updated guidelines for the initial management of minimal, mild and moderate traumatic head injuries (MTHI) that included serum analysis of protein...

    Authors: Arurann Ananthaharan, Gunnhild Kravdal and Truls Martin Straume-Naesheim

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:44

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent CT imaging is believed to significantly increase lifetime malignancy risk. We previously reported that high acuity, admitted trauma patients who received a whole-body CT in the emergency department (...

    Authors: Mary Matthews, Peter Richman, Scott Krall, Kimberly Leeson, K Tom Xu, Albert L Gest and Osbert Blow

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:34

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Falls are a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality among the elderly in the United States. Evidence-based imaging recommendations for evaluation of delayed intracranial hemorrhage (DICH) are...

    Authors: Nolan Mann, Kellen Welch, Andrew Martin, Michael Subichin, Katherine Wietecha, Lauren E. Birmingham, Tiffany D. Marchand and Richard L. George

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:27

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Management of stable patients with abdominal stab wound remains controversial, particularly for those with no clear indications for explorative laparotomy. We evaluated the risk of intra-abdominal injury in st...

    Authors: Igor Jeroukhimov, Itay Wiser, Yehuda Hershkovitz, Zahar Shapira, Kobi Peleg, Ricardo Alfici, Adi Givon and Boris Kessel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:18

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Despite the high burden of injury in Ethiopia, the occurrence and health impact have not received due at...

    Authors: Abel Negussie, Andarge Getie, Elias Manaye and Tamrat Tekle

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:14

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial prese...

    Authors: Michael J. Callaghan, Janos P. Baombe, Dan Horner, Charles E. Hutchinson, Dilraj Sandher and Simon Carley

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:40

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on i...

    Authors: Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:39

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Trauma contributes significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries. In Tanzania, there is an enormous research gap on trauma; the limited dat...

    Authors: Hendry R. Sawe, Juma A. Mfinanga, Khalid R. Mbaya, Phillip M. Koka, Said S. Kilindimo, Michael S. Runyon, Victor G. Mwafongo, Lee A. Wallis and Teri A. Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:30

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Between 30 and 40 % of patients with severe injuries receive treatment at non-trauma centers (under-triage), largely because of physician decision making. Existing interventions to improve triage by physicians...

    Authors: Deepika Mohan, Matthew R. Rosengart, Baruch Fischhoff, Derek C. Angus, Coreen Farris, Donald M. Yealy, David J. Wallace and Amber E. Barnato

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:44

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ketamine has been well studied for its efficacy as an analgesic agent. However, intranasal (IN) administration of ketamine has only recently been studied in the emergency setting. The objective of this study w...

    Authors: Shachar Shimonovich, Roy Gigi, Amir Shapira, Tal Sarig-Meth, Danielle Nadav, Mattan Rozenek, Debra West and Pinchas Halpern

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:43

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous syndrome with a broad range of outcome. We developed a simple model for long-term outcome prognostication after severe TBI.

    Authors: Sandro Rizoli, Ashley Petersen, Eileen Bulger, Raul Coimbra, Jeffrey D. Kerby, Joseph Minei, Laurie Morrison, Avery Nathens, Martin Schreiber and Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:32

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Bleeding represents the most well-known and the most feared complications caused by the use of antithrombotic agents. There is, however, limited documentation whether pre-injury use of antithrombotic agents af...

    Authors: Sigrid Narum, Odd Brørs, Olav Stokland and Marianne K. Kringen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:29

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Blunt carotid arterial injury (BCI) is a rare injury associated with motor vehicle collision (MVC). There are few population based analyses evaluating carotid injury associated with blunt trauma and their asso...

    Authors: Jared E. Kray, Viktor Y. Dombrovskiy and Todd R. Vogel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:23

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people. More than a million people die each year on the world’s roads, and the risk of dying as a ...

    Authors: Mohammed Seid, Aklilu Azazh, Fikre Enquselassie and Engida Yisma

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:10

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to estimate the degree of overtriage (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≤ 15) of trauma call patients in Nordland Hospital Bodø, Norway. We also determined the transportation time from injury to hospital...

    Authors: Harald Stordahl, Eva Passas, Andreas Hopland and Erik Waage Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:1

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