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  1. Content type: Research article

    Pain is a common symptom in children and youth attending casualty centres and emergency departments. The aim of this study was to acquire more knowledge about how pain in children is measured and handled by em...

    Authors: Svein-Denis Moutte, Christina Brudvik and Tone Morken

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:33

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Priority dispatch accuracy is a key issue in optimizing the match between patients’ medical needs and pre-hospital resources. This study measures the accuracy of a Criteria Based Dispatch (CBD) system, by eval...

    Authors: Fabrice Dami, Christel Golay, Mathieu Pasquier, Vincent Fuchs, Pierre-Nicolas Carron and Olivier Hugli

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:32

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis has a high prevalence, mortality-rate and cost. Sepsis patients usually enter the hospital through the Emergency Department (ED). Process or structural issues related to care may affect outcome.

    Authors: Dean W. Yergens, William A. Ghali, Peter D. Faris, Hude Quan, Rachel J. Jolley and Christopher J. Doig

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:31

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial infections are very common in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients. The diagnosis of sepsis in such patients is often challenging and requires a high index of suspicion. The aim of this study is t...

    Authors: Gilbert Abou Dagher, Elie Harmouche, Elsy Jabbour, Rana Bachir, Dina Zebian and Ralphe Bou Chebl

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:30

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis leads to high mortality, therefore risk stratification is important. The abbMEDS (abbreviated Mortality Emergency Department Sepsis) score assesses sepsis severity and predicts mortality. In community-a...

    Authors: Asselina A. Roest, Jan Tegtmeier, Joris J. Heyligen, Jeanette Duijst, Andrea Peeters, Hella F. Borggreve, Astrid ML Oude Lashof, Coen DA Stehouwer and Patricia M. Stassen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:29

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Depression and anxiety are prevalent psychiatric comorbidities that are known to have a negative impact on a patient’s general prognosis. But screening for these potential comorbidities in a hospital’s acciden...

    Authors: Zohair A. Al Aseri, M. Owais Suriya, Hosam A. Hassan, Mujtaba Hasan, Shaffi Ahmed Sheikh, Adel Al Tamimi, Mashhoor Alshathri and Najeeb Khalid

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:28

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The objectives of this study were to determine the proportions of psychiatric and substance use disorders suffered by emergency departments’ (EDs’) frequent users compared to the mainstream ED population, to e...

    Authors: Francis Vu, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Olivier Hugli, Katia Iglesias, Stephanie Stucki, Sophie Paroz, Marina Canepa Allen and Patrick Bodenmann

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:27

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A shift from a predominantly emergency service, towards one where a wide range of conditions are managed and treated on scene presents numerous challenges for ambulance services and clinicians. The effective m...

    Authors: Ollie Zorab, Maria Robinson and Ruth Endacott

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:26

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Clinic (OAEOC) experienced a 5–6 % annual increase in patient visits between 2005 and 2011, which was significantly higher than the 2–3 % annual increase among regist...

    Authors: Sven Eirik Ruud, Ruth Aga, Bård Natvig and Per Hjortdahl

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:25

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies of alcohol use have recognized several trends in consumption patterns among gender and age yet few have examined ethnic differences. This study examines the intra- and inter-ethnic differences...

    Authors: Shahram Lotfipour, Victor Cisneros, Uzor C. Ogbu, Christopher Eric McCoy, Cristobal Barrios, Craig L. Anderson, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, Kristin Alix and Bharath Chakravarthy

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:24

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Research on cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has considerably increased in recent decades, and international guidelines for resuscitation have been implemented and have undergone several ...

    Authors: Davidson Ocen, Sam Kalungi, Joseph Ejoku, Tonny Luggya, Agnes Wabule, Janat Tumukunde and Arthur Kwizera

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:23

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Trauma is still the leading cause of death in many regions of the world. Severity scores have been developed to assist in management of trauma victims. Immune response to trauma has been known to positively co...

    Authors: Paul K. Okeny, Peter Ongom and Olivia Kituuka

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:22

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Medical errors and preventable adverse events are a major cause of concern, especially in the emergency department (ED) where its prevalence has been reported to be roughly of 5–10 % of visits. Due to a short ...

    Authors: Yonathan Freund, Alexandra Rousseau, Laurence Berard, Helene Goulet, Patrick Ray, Benjamin Bloom, Tabassome Simon and Bruno Riou

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:21

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Toluene is one of the most widely abused inhaled drugs due to its acute neurologic effects including euphoria and subsequent depression. However, dangerous metabolic abnormalities are associated to acute tolue...

    Authors: Carlos Rodrigo Camara-Lemarroy, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Roberto Monreal-Robles and José Gerardo González-González

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:19

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  15. Content type: Research article

    In Oslo, the majority of patients with acute poisoning are treated in primary care, at an emergency outpatient clinic with limited diagnostic and treatment resources. We describe the poisonings currently seen ...

    Authors: Odd Martin Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg and Mette Brekke

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:18

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In Southern Ontario, climate change may have given rise to an increasing occurrence of heat waves since the year 2000, which can cause heat stress to the general public, and potentially have detrimental health...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Olaf Berke, David L. Pearl and David F. Kelton

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:17

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  17. Content type: Research article

    To determine the extent to which variations in monthly Mental Health Emergency Department (MHED) presentations in South Australian Public Hospitals are associated with the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)...

    Authors: Niranjan Bidargaddi, Tarun Bastiampillai, Geoffrey Schrader, Robert Adams, Cynthia Piantadosi, Jörg Strobel, Graeme Tucker and Stephen Allison

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:16

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Self-harm is a significant public health concern in the UK. This is reflected in the recent addition to the English Public Health Outcomes Framework of rates of attendance at Emergency Departments (EDs) follow...

    Authors: C. Polling, A. Tulloch, S. Banerjee, S. Cross, R. Dutta, D.M. Wood, P.I. Dargan and M. Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:15

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The Northern Police and Clinician Emergency Response (NPACER), a combined police and clinician second response team, was created to divert people in mental health crisis away from the hospital emergency depart...

    Authors: Brian McKenna, Trentham Furness, Steve Brown, Mark Tacey, Andrew Hiam and Morgan Wise

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:14

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Treatment with oral carbohydrate prior to trauma and hemorrhage confers a survival benefit in small animal models. The impact of fed states on survival in traumatically injured humans is unknown. This work use...

    Authors: Elizabeth R. Lusczek, Tyrone Vincent, Daniel Lexcen, Vishwesh Kulkarni, Kristine Mulier and Greg Beilman

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:13

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  21. Content type: Research article

    In November 2013, the Irish Regulator for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) introduced the first mandatory requirement for registrants to demonstrate evidence of continuous professional development (CPD)/co...

    Authors: Shane Knox, Suzanne Dunne, Walter Cullen and Colum P Dunne

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:11

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people. More than a million people die each year on the world’s roads, and the risk of dying as a ...

    Authors: Mohammed Seid, Aklilu Azazh, Fikre Enquselassie and Engida Yisma

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:10

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen in children. Late surgical intervention is often associated with increase morbidity and sometimes fatal outcome. We sought to determine the ...

    Authors: Talabi O Ademola, Sowande A Oludayo, Olowookere A Samuel, Etonyeaku C Amarachukwu, Komolafe O Akinwunmi and Adejuyigbe Olusanya

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:7

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Patient safety incident (PSI) discovery is an essential component of quality improvement. When submitted, incident reports may provide valuable opportunities for PSI discovery. However, little objective inform...

    Authors: Martin A Reznek, Kevin A Kotkowski, Michael W Arce, Zachary K Jepson, Steven B Bird and Chad E Darling

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, early treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) victims has been improved in several ways, leading to more optimistic over all prognoses. However, the global survival rate after out-of-hospital CA (...

    Authors: Ida Wibrandt, Kristine Norsted, Henrik Schmidt and Jens Schierbeck

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:3

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to estimate the degree of overtriage (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≤ 15) of trauma call patients in Nordland Hospital Bodø, Norway. We also determined the transportation time from injury to hospital...

    Authors: Harald Stordahl, Eva Passas, Andreas Hopland and Erik Waage Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:1

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