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  1. Content type: Research article

    Toluene is one of the most widely abused inhaled drugs due to its acute neurologic effects including euphoria and subsequent depression. However, dangerous metabolic abnormalities are associated to acute tolue...

    Authors: Carlos Rodrigo Camara-Lemarroy, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Roberto Monreal-Robles and José Gerardo González-González

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:19

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In Oslo, the majority of patients with acute poisoning are treated in primary care, at an emergency outpatient clinic with limited diagnostic and treatment resources. We describe the poisonings currently seen ...

    Authors: Odd Martin Vallersnes, Dag Jacobsen, Øivind Ekeberg and Mette Brekke

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:18

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In Southern Ontario, climate change may have given rise to an increasing occurrence of heat waves since the year 2000, which can cause heat stress to the general public, and potentially have detrimental health...

    Authors: Katherine E. Bishop-Williams, Olaf Berke, David L. Pearl and David F. Kelton

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:17

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To determine the extent to which variations in monthly Mental Health Emergency Department (MHED) presentations in South Australian Public Hospitals are associated with the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)...

    Authors: Niranjan Bidargaddi, Tarun Bastiampillai, Geoffrey Schrader, Robert Adams, Cynthia Piantadosi, Jörg Strobel, Graeme Tucker and Stephen Allison

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:16

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Self-harm is a significant public health concern in the UK. This is reflected in the recent addition to the English Public Health Outcomes Framework of rates of attendance at Emergency Departments (EDs) follow...

    Authors: C. Polling, A. Tulloch, S. Banerjee, S. Cross, R. Dutta, D.M. Wood, P.I. Dargan and M. Hotopf

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Northern Police and Clinician Emergency Response (NPACER), a combined police and clinician second response team, was created to divert people in mental health crisis away from the hospital emergency depart...

    Authors: Brian McKenna, Trentham Furness, Steve Brown, Mark Tacey, Andrew Hiam and Morgan Wise

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:14

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Treatment with oral carbohydrate prior to trauma and hemorrhage confers a survival benefit in small animal models. The impact of fed states on survival in traumatically injured humans is unknown. This work use...

    Authors: Elizabeth R. Lusczek, Tyrone Vincent, Daniel Lexcen, Vishwesh Kulkarni, Kristine Mulier and Greg Beilman

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:13

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In November 2013, the Irish Regulator for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) introduced the first mandatory requirement for registrants to demonstrate evidence of continuous professional development (CPD)/co...

    Authors: Shane Knox, Suzanne Dunne, Walter Cullen and Colum P Dunne

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:11

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death globally, and the leading cause of death for young people. More than a million people die each year on the world’s roads, and the risk of dying as a ...

    Authors: Mohammed Seid, Aklilu Azazh, Fikre Enquselassie and Engida Yisma

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:10

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen in children. Late surgical intervention is often associated with increase morbidity and sometimes fatal outcome. We sought to determine the ...

    Authors: Talabi O Ademola, Sowande A Oludayo, Olowookere A Samuel, Etonyeaku C Amarachukwu, Komolafe O Akinwunmi and Adejuyigbe Olusanya

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:7

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Patient safety incident (PSI) discovery is an essential component of quality improvement. When submitted, incident reports may provide valuable opportunities for PSI discovery. However, little objective inform...

    Authors: Martin A Reznek, Kevin A Kotkowski, Michael W Arce, Zachary K Jepson, Steven B Bird and Chad E Darling

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:6

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, early treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) victims has been improved in several ways, leading to more optimistic over all prognoses. However, the global survival rate after out-of-hospital CA (...

    Authors: Ida Wibrandt, Kristine Norsted, Henrik Schmidt and Jens Schierbeck

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:3

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to estimate the degree of overtriage (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≤ 15) of trauma call patients in Nordland Hospital Bodø, Norway. We also determined the transportation time from injury to hospital...

    Authors: Harald Stordahl, Eva Passas, Andreas Hopland and Erik Waage Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:1

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are the second most common injury mechanism resulting in emergency department (ED) visits by older adults. MVCs result in substantial pain and psychological distress among young...

    Authors: Gregory F Pereira, Samuel A McLean, Thomas J Tkacik, Robert A Swor, Jeffrey S Jones, David C Lee, David A Peak, Robert M Domeier, Niels K Rathlev, Phyllis L Hendry and Timothy F Platts-Mills

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:25

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of compensated pediatric septic shock requires diagnostic tests that are sensitive and specific. Four physical exam signs are recommended for detecting pediatric septic shock prior to hypotensi...

    Authors: Halden F Scott, Aaron J Donoghue, David F Gaieski, Ronald F Marchese and Rakesh D Mistry

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:24

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  16. Content type: Research article

    We recently reported about the derivation of a diagnostic probability function for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study aims to validate the probability function as a rule-out criterion in a new sa...

    Authors: Lukas Zimmerli, Johann Steurer, Reto Kofmehl, Maria M Wertli and Ulrike Held

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:23

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A proportion of deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) patients present repeatedly to the emergency department (ED). Understanding the characteristics of frequent DSP patients and their presentation is a first step t...

    Authors: Catherine A Martin, Rose Chapman, Asheq Rahman and Andis Graudins

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:21

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Alcohol is a major preventable cause of injury, disability and death in young people. Large numbers of young people with alcohol-related injuries and medical conditions present to hospital emergency department...

    Authors: Leanne Hides, David J Kavanagh, Mark Daglish, Susan Cotton, Jason P Connor, Jan J Barendregt, Ross McD Young, Davina Sanders, Angela White and Lance Mergard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:19

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Emergency Department (ED) care has been reported to be prone to patient safety incidents (PSIs). Improving our understanding of PSIs is essential to prevent them. A standardized, peer review process was implem...

    Authors: Zach K Jepson, Chad E Darling, Kevin A Kotkowski, Steven B Bird, Michael W Arce, Gregory A Volturo and Martin A Reznek

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:20

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Acute asthma is a common reason for patients to seek care from ambulance services. Although better care of acute asthma can prevent avoidable morbidity and deaths, there has been little research into ambulance...

    Authors: Deborah Shaw and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:18

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of helmets in reducing the risk of severe head injury in motorcyclists who were involved in a crash is well established. There is limited evidence however, regarding the extent to which helme...

    Authors: Roszalina Ramli, Jennifer Oxley, Peter Hillard, Ahmad Farhan Mohd Sadullah and Roderick McClure

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:17

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The Disaster Emergency Medical Personnel System (DEMPS) program provides a system of volunteers whereby active or retired Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) personnel can register to be deployed to support ot...

    Authors: Nicole K Zagelbaum, Kevin C Heslin, Judith A Stein, Josef Ruzek, Robert E Smith, Tam Nyugen and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:16

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    It is estimated that about 275,000 inhabitants experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) every year in Europe. Survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is relatively low, generally between five per...

    Authors: María F Jiménez-Herrera, Youcef Azeli, Eva Valero-Mora, Isaac Lucas-Guarque, Alfonso López-Gomariz, Elena Castro-Naval and Christer Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:15

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injury (RTI) is a global problem causing some 1,2 million deaths annually and another 20–50 million people sustain non-fatal injuries. Pre-hospital entrapment is a risk factor for complications an...

    Authors: Sabina Fattah, Anne Siri Johnsen, Jan Einar Andersen, Trond Vigerust, Terje Olsen and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:14

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