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  1. Content type: Research article

    Acute appendicitis is one of the most common causes of acute abdomen in children. Late surgical intervention is often associated with increase morbidity and sometimes fatal outcome. We sought to determine the ...

    Authors: Talabi O Ademola, Sowande A Oludayo, Olowookere A Samuel, Etonyeaku C Amarachukwu, Komolafe O Akinwunmi and Adejuyigbe Olusanya

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:7

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Patient safety incident (PSI) discovery is an essential component of quality improvement. When submitted, incident reports may provide valuable opportunities for PSI discovery. However, little objective inform...

    Authors: Martin A Reznek, Kevin A Kotkowski, Michael W Arce, Zachary K Jepson, Steven B Bird and Chad E Darling

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:6

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In the past decade, early treatment of cardiac arrest (CA) victims has been improved in several ways, leading to more optimistic over all prognoses. However, the global survival rate after out-of-hospital CA (...

    Authors: Ida Wibrandt, Kristine Norsted, Henrik Schmidt and Jens Schierbeck

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:3

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Our aim was to estimate the degree of overtriage (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≤ 15) of trauma call patients in Nordland Hospital Bodø, Norway. We also determined the transportation time from injury to hospital...

    Authors: Harald Stordahl, Eva Passas, Andreas Hopland and Erik Waage Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:1

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are the second most common injury mechanism resulting in emergency department (ED) visits by older adults. MVCs result in substantial pain and psychological distress among young...

    Authors: Gregory F Pereira, Samuel A McLean, Thomas J Tkacik, Robert A Swor, Jeffrey S Jones, David C Lee, David A Peak, Robert M Domeier, Niels K Rathlev, Phyllis L Hendry and Timothy F Platts-Mills

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:25

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Early detection of compensated pediatric septic shock requires diagnostic tests that are sensitive and specific. Four physical exam signs are recommended for detecting pediatric septic shock prior to hypotensi...

    Authors: Halden F Scott, Aaron J Donoghue, David F Gaieski, Ronald F Marchese and Rakesh D Mistry

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:24

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  7. Content type: Research article

    We recently reported about the derivation of a diagnostic probability function for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The present study aims to validate the probability function as a rule-out criterion in a new sa...

    Authors: Lukas Zimmerli, Johann Steurer, Reto Kofmehl, Maria M Wertli and Ulrike Held

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:23

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  8. Content type: Research article

    A proportion of deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) patients present repeatedly to the emergency department (ED). Understanding the characteristics of frequent DSP patients and their presentation is a first step t...

    Authors: Catherine A Martin, Rose Chapman, Asheq Rahman and Andis Graudins

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:21

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Alcohol is a major preventable cause of injury, disability and death in young people. Large numbers of young people with alcohol-related injuries and medical conditions present to hospital emergency department...

    Authors: Leanne Hides, David J Kavanagh, Mark Daglish, Susan Cotton, Jason P Connor, Jan J Barendregt, Ross McD Young, Davina Sanders, Angela White and Lance Mergard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:19

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Emergency Department (ED) care has been reported to be prone to patient safety incidents (PSIs). Improving our understanding of PSIs is essential to prevent them. A standardized, peer review process was implem...

    Authors: Zach K Jepson, Chad E Darling, Kevin A Kotkowski, Steven B Bird, Michael W Arce, Gregory A Volturo and Martin A Reznek

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:20

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Acute asthma is a common reason for patients to seek care from ambulance services. Although better care of acute asthma can prevent avoidable morbidity and deaths, there has been little research into ambulance...

    Authors: Deborah Shaw and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:18

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of helmets in reducing the risk of severe head injury in motorcyclists who were involved in a crash is well established. There is limited evidence however, regarding the extent to which helme...

    Authors: Roszalina Ramli, Jennifer Oxley, Peter Hillard, Ahmad Farhan Mohd Sadullah and Roderick McClure

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:17

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The Disaster Emergency Medical Personnel System (DEMPS) program provides a system of volunteers whereby active or retired Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) personnel can register to be deployed to support ot...

    Authors: Nicole K Zagelbaum, Kevin C Heslin, Judith A Stein, Josef Ruzek, Robert E Smith, Tam Nyugen and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:16

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    It is estimated that about 275,000 inhabitants experience an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) every year in Europe. Survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is relatively low, generally between five per...

    Authors: María F Jiménez-Herrera, Youcef Azeli, Eva Valero-Mora, Isaac Lucas-Guarque, Alfonso López-Gomariz, Elena Castro-Naval and Christer Axelsson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:15

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Road traffic injury (RTI) is a global problem causing some 1,2 million deaths annually and another 20–50 million people sustain non-fatal injuries. Pre-hospital entrapment is a risk factor for complications an...

    Authors: Sabina Fattah, Anne Siri Johnsen, Jan Einar Andersen, Trond Vigerust, Terje Olsen and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:14

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Alcohol misuse among youth is a major public health concern and numbers of adolescents admitted to the emergency department for acute alcoholic intoxication in Germany are recently growing. The emergency setti...

    Authors: Silke Diestelkamp, Nicolas Arnaud, Peter-Michael Sack, Lutz Wartberg, Anne Daubmann and Rainer Thomasius

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:13

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In the attempt to reduce waiting times in emergency departments, various national health services have used benchmarking and the optimisation of patient flows. The aim of this study was to examine staff attitu...

    Authors: Paraskevas Vezyridis and Stephen Timmons

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:12

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Emergency healthcare workers, including trainees and individuals in related occupations are at heightened risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression owing to work-related stressors.

    Authors: Celine B Fjeldheim, Jani Nöthling, Karin Pretorius, Marina Basson, Keith Ganasen, Robin Heneke, Karen J Cloete and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:11

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a strong reciprocal association between two highly prevalent public health problems: intimate partner violence and heavy drinking, both of which remain major sources of morbidity and mortality. Brief ...

    Authors: Karin V Rhodes, Melissa Rodgers, Marilyn Sommers, Alexandra Hanlon and Paul Crits-Christoph

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:10

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  20. Content type: Study protocol

    While Canadian ED physicians discharge most syncope patients with no specific further follow-up, approximately 5% will suffer serious outcomes after ED discharge. The goal of this study is to prospectively ide...

    Authors: Venkatesh Thiruganasambandamoorthy, Ian G Stiell, Marco LA Sivilotti, Heather Murray, Brian H Rowe, Eddy Lang, Andrew McRae, Robert Sheldon and George A Wells

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:8

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Impalement injury is an uncommon presentation in the emergency department (ED), and penetrating thoraco-abdominal injuries demand immediate life-saving measures and prompt care. Massive penetrating trauma by i...

    Authors: Gyanendra Malla, Bibhusan Basnet, Rais Vohra, Casey Herrforth, Shailesh Adhikari and Amit Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:7

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Advances in ultrasound imaging technology have made it more accessible to prehospital providers. Little is known about how ultrasound is being used in the prehospital environment and we suspect that it is not ...

    Authors: John Taylor, Kyle McLaughlin, Andrew McRae, Eddy Lang and Andrew Anton

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:6

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Major short-notice or sudden impact incidents, which result in a large number of casualties, are rare events. However health services must be prepared to respond to such events appropriately. In the United Kin...

    Authors: Edward A S Duncan, Keith Colver, Nadine Dougall, Kevin Swingler, John Stephenson and Purva Abhyankar

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:5

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  24. Content type: Research article

    In Japan, many carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning cases are transported to emergency settings, making treatment and prognostic assessment an urgent task. However, there is currently no reliable means to predict wh...

    Authors: Kaoru Kudo, Kotaro Otsuka, Junko Yagi, Katsumi Sanjo, Noritaka Koizumi, Atsuhiko Koeda, Miki Yokota Umetsu, Yasuhito Yoshioka, Ayumi Mizugai, Toshinari Mita, Yu Shiga, Fumito Koizumi, Hikaru Nakamura and Akio Sakai

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:3

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia has fairly good coverage but very low utilization of health care services. Emergency medical care services require fast, correct and curious services to clients as they present with acute problems. In...

    Authors: Belaynew Wasie Taye, Mensur Ousman Yassin and Zemene Tigabu Kebede

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:2

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Cut throat injuries though rarely reported in literature pose a great therapeutic challenge because multiple vital structures are vulnerable to injuries in the small, confined unprotected area. A sudden increa...

    Authors: Japhet M Gilyoma, Kiyeti A Hauli and Phillipo L Chalya

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2014 14:1

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Skin and soft tissue infection (SSTIs) are commonly treated in emergency departments (EDs). While the precise role of antibiotics in treating SSTIs remains unclear, most SSTI patients receive empiric antibioti...

    Authors: Chris Merritt, John P Haran, Jacob Mintzer, Joseph Stricker and Roland C Merchant

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:26

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is difficult to diagnose when consciousness is disturbed. However few reports have discussed the clinical predictors of stroke in out-of-hospital emergency settings. This study aims to evaluate the asso...

    Authors: Taro Irisawa, Taku Iwami, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Chika Nishiyama, Tomohiko Sakai, Kayo Tanigawa-Sugihara, Sumito Hayashida, Tatsuya Nishiuchi, Tadahiko Shiozaki, Osamu Tasaki, Takashi Kawamura, Atsushi Hiraide and Takeshi Shimazu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:24

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  29. Content type: Research article

    As in other countries, the Irish Regulator for Pre-Hospital practitioners, the Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council (PHECC), will introduce a Continuous Professional Competence (CPC) framework for all Emergency...

    Authors: Shane Knox, Walter Cullen and Colum Dunne

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:25

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Compared with younger people, older people have a higher risk of adverse health outcomes when presenting to emergency departments. As the population ages, older people will make up an increasing proportion of ...

    Authors: Melinda Martin-Khan, Ellen Burkett, Linda Schnitker, Richard N Jones and Leonard C Gray

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:23

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Teamwork is a critical component during critical events. Assessment is mandatory for remediation and to target training programmes for observed performance gaps.

    Authors: Martin Stocker, Lynda Menadue, Suzan Kakat, Kumi De Costa, Julie Combes, Winston Banya, Mary Lane, Ajay Desai and Margarita Burmester

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:22

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  32. Content type: Study protocol

    Therapeutic hypothermia (TH, 32-34°C) has been shown to improve neurological outcome in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation. Earlier initiat...

    Authors: Per Nordberg, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Maaret Castren, Anatolij Truhlár, Didier Desruelles, Sune Forsberg, Jacob Hollenberg, Jean-Louis Vincent and Leif Svensoon

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:21

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is commonly accompanied by intracranial bleeding which can worsen after hospital admission. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to reduce bleeding in elective surgery and there is...

    Authors: Surakrant Yutthakasemsunt, Warawut Kittiwatanagul, Parnumas Piyavechvirat, Bandit Thinkamrop, Nakornchai Phuenpathom and Pisake Lumbiganon

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:20

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Acute musculoskeletal trauma, including strains, sprains or contusions, occur frequently. Pain management is a crucial component of treatment. However, there is no convincing evidence which drug is superior in...

    Authors: Milan L Ridderikhof, Philipp Lirk, Niels W Schep, Anneke Hoeberichts, Wilhelmina T Goddijn, Jan SK Luitse, E Marleen Kemper, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Markus W Hollmann and J Carel Goslings

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:19

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Over one third of stroke patients have cognitive or language deficits such that they require surrogate consent for acute stroke treatment or enrollment into acute stroke trials. Little is known about the agree...

    Authors: Jessica Bryant, Lesli E Skolarus, Barbara Smith, Eric E Adelman and William J Meurer

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:18

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Internationally, emergency departments are struggling with crowding and its associated morbidity, mortality, and decreased patient and health-care worker satisfaction. The objective was to evaluate the additio...

    Authors: Ivy Cheng, Jacques Lee, Nicole Mittmann, Jeffrey Tyberg, Sharon Ramagnano, Alex Kiss, Michael Schull, Fergus Kerr and Merrick Zwarenstein

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:17

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The population of ex-prisoners returning to their communities is large. Morbidity and mortality is increased during the period following release. Understanding utilization of emergency services by this populat...

    Authors: Joseph W Frank, Christina M Andrews, Traci C Green, Aaron M Samuels, T Tony Trinh and Peter D Friedmann

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:16

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies and is also a time-sensitive condition. Delays in treatment increase the risk of appendiceal perforation (AP), and thus AP rates have been used as a ...

    Authors: Milton Steinman, Patrícia S Rogeri, Lia L Lenci, Clara C Kirschner, José Carlos Teixeira, Paulo David S Gonçalves, Nelson Akamine and Silvio Possa

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:15

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Goal-directed therapy guidelines for pediatric septic shock resuscitation recommend fluid delivery at speeds in excess of that possible through use of regular fluid infusion pumps. In our experience, syringes ...

    Authors: Greg Harvey, Gary Foster, Asmaa Manan, Lehana Thabane and Melissa J Parker

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:14

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  40. Content type: Study protocol

    As demand for Emergency Department (ED) services continues to exceed increases explained by population growth, strategies to reduce ED presentations are being explored. The concept of ambulance paramedics prov...

    Authors: Judith C Finn, Daniel M Fatovich, Glenn Arendts, David Mountain, Hideo Tohira, Teresa A Williams, Peter Sprivulis, Antonio Celenza, Tony Ahern, Alexandra P Bremner, Peter Cameron, Meredith L Borland, Ian R Rogers and Ian G Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13:13

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  41. Content type: Proceedings

    Uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock is a significant factor in death of severe multiple trauma patients. The acute management of injured bleeding in emergency department (ED) may improve patient outcomes. The medic...

    Authors: Yin Wen, Huang Yang, Wang Wei and Liu shan-shou

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  42. Content type: Proceedings

    To explore the diagnostic procedure of acute fatal chest pain in emergency department (ED) in order to decrease the misdiagnosis rate and shorten the definite time to diagnosis. The ultimate aim is to rescue t...

    Authors: Yang Yang, Wei Zhang, Ming Peng, Lianying Tong and Shouyu Lin

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

  43. Content type: Proceedings

    To study the clinical effect of body mass index (BMI) in the optimal time of weaning from sequential invasive-noninvasive mechanical ventilation (MV) by treating severity chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...

    Authors: Sun Li-dong, Guo Chang-sheng and Zhao Zi-yu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2013 13(Suppl 1):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 1

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