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  1. Content type: Research article

    The goals of the study were to assess the relationship between age and processes of care in emergency department (ED) patients admitted with pneumonia and to identify independent predictors of failure to meet ...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Caterino, Brian C Hiestand and Daniel R Martin

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:6

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The osmole gap is used routinely as a screening test for the presence of exogenous osmotically active substances, such as the toxic alcohols ethylene glycol and methanol, particularly when the ability to measu...

    Authors: Larry D Lynd, Kathryn J Richardson, Roy A Purssell, Riyad B Abu-Laban, Jeffery R Brubacher, Katherine J Lepik and Marco LA Sivilotti

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:5

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  3. Content type: Research article

    In 1999, the laryngeal tube (VBM Medizintechnik, Sulz, Germany) was introduced as a new supraglottic airway. It was designed to allow either spontaneous breathing or controlled ventilation during anaesthesia; ...

    Authors: Christoph HR Wiese, Utz Bartels, Alexander Schultens, Tobias Steffen, Andreas Torney, Jan Bahr and Bernhard M Graf

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:4

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Chest pain is the second most common chief complaint in North American emergency departments. Data from the U.S. suggest that 2.1% of patients with acute myocardial infarction and 2.3% of patients with unstabl...

    Authors: Erik P Hess, George A Wells, Allan Jaffe and Ian G Stiell

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:3

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  5. Content type: Research article

    A number of significant chemical incidents occur in the UK each year and may require Emergency Departments (EDs) to receive and manage contaminated casualties. Previously UK EDs have been found to be under-pre...

    Authors: Jane Williams, Darren Walter and Kirsty Challen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:20

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The rising incidence of methicillin resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA) infections is a concern for emergency practitioners. While studies have examined MRSA in inpatients, few have focused on emergency department pop...

    Authors: Christian H Jacobus, Christopher J Lindsell, Sabrina D Leach, Gregory J Fermann, Amy Beth Kressel and Laura E Rue

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:19

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Simulation is an essential tool in modern medical education. The object of this study was to assess, in cost-effective measures, the introduction of new generation simulators in an adult life support (ALS) edu...

    Authors: José Antonio Iglesias-Vázquez, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Mónica Penas-Penas, Luís Sánchez-Santos, Maria Cegarra-García and Maria Victoria Barreiro-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:18

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Ambulance usage in Japan has increased consistently because it is free under the national health insurance system. The introduction of refusal for ambulance transfer is being debated nationally. The purpose of...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Toyoda, Yoshio Matsuo, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Hidekazu Fujiwara, Toshio Takatorige and Hiroyasu Iso

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:17

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco use counseling interventions delivered in the primary care setting are efficacious, but limited evidence exists regarding their feasibility or efficacy in the Emergency Department (ED). ED randomized c...

    Authors: Nicola EE Schiebel and Jon O Ebbert

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:15

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Sustained hyperglycemia is a known risk factor for adverse outcomes in critically ill patients. The specific aim was to determine if a nurse initiated insulin infusion protocol (IIP) was effective in maintaini...

    Authors: Melissa M Barth, Lance J Oyen, Karen T Warfield, Jennifer L Elmer, Laura K Evenson, Ann N Tescher, Philip J Kuper, Michael P Bannon, Ognjen Gajic and J Christopher Farmer

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:14

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  11. Content type: Research article

    There are few outcomes experienced by children receiving care in the Emergency Department (ED) that are amenable to measuring for the purposes of assessing of quality of care. The purpose of this study was to ...

    Authors: Madan Dharmar, James P Marcin, Nathan Kuppermann, Emily R Andrada, Stacey Cole, Danielle J Harvey and Patrick S Romano

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:13

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Recently completed clinical trials have shown that certain interventions improve the outcome of the critically ill. To facilitate the implementation of these interventions, professional organizations have deve...

    Authors: Bekele Afessa, Ognjen Gajic, Mark T Keegan, Edward G Seferian, Rolf D Hubmayr and Steve G Peters

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:10

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    The acute abdomen is a frequent entity at the Emergency Department (ED), which usually needs rapid and accurate diagnostic work-up. Diagnostic work-up with imaging can consist of plain X-ray, ultrasonography (...

    Authors: Wytze Laméris, Adrienne van Randen, Marcel GW Dijkgraaf, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Jaap Stoker and Marja A Boermeester

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:9

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Unsafe abortion is a major public health problem in low-and-middle income countries. Young and unmarried women constitute a high risk group for unsafe abortions. It has been estimated that widespread use of em...

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy, Pius Ngassa, Nelson Fomulu, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Luc Kouam and Anderson S Doh

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:7

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Dyspnea is a common chief complaint in the emergency department (ED); differentiating heart failure (HF) from other causes can be challenging. Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) is a new diagnostic test for HF fo...

    Authors: Deborah Korenstein, Juan P Wisnivesky, Peter Wyer, Rhodes Adler, Diego Ponieman and Thomas McGinn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:6

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Patient satisfaction is of growing importance to providers of emergency medical services (EMS). Prior reports of patient satisfaction have frequently used resource-intensive telephone follow-up to assess satis...

    Authors: Aaron W Bernard, Christopher J Lindsell, Daniel A Handel, Lindsey Collett, Paul Gallo, Kevin D Kaiser and Donald Locasto

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:5

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA) is a rare event in childhood. Our objective was to determine the characteristics of paediatric CRA and the immediate results of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Galicia, a ...

    Authors: Pilar Blanco-Ons Fernández, Luis Sánchez-Santos, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, José Antonio Iglesias-Vázquez, María Cegarra-García and Maria Victoria Barreiro-Díaz

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:3

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    The case fatality for intentional self-poisoning in rural Asia is 10–30 times higher than in the West, mostly due to the use of highly toxic poisons. Activated charcoal is a widely available intervention that ...

    Authors: Michael Eddleston, Edmund Juszczak, Nick A Buckley, Lalith Senarathna, Fahim Mohammed, Stuart Allen, Wasantha Dissanayake, Ariyasena Hittarage, Shifa Azher, K Jeganathan, Shaluka Jayamanne, MH Rezvi Sheriff and David A Warrell

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:2

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The epidemiology of acute pancreatitis in the United States is largely unknown, particularly episodes that lead to an emergency department (ED) visit. We sought to address this gap and describe ED practice pat...

    Authors: Peter J Fagenholz, Carlos Fernández-del Castillo, N Stuart Harris, Andrea J Pelletier and Carlos A Camargo Jr

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:1

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Since previous studies suggest the emergency department (ED) misdiagnosis rate of heart failure is 10–20% we sought to describe the characteristics of ED patients misdiagnosed as non-decompensated heart failur...

    Authors: Sean P Collins, Christopher J Lindsell, W Frank Peacock, Daniel C Eckert, Jeff Askew and Alan B Storrow

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:11

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Organophosphorus (OP) pesticide poisoning is the most common form of pesticide poisoning in many Asian countries. Guidelines in western countries for management of poisoning indicate that gastric lavage should...

    Authors: Yi Li, XueZhong Yu, Zhong Wang, HouLi Wang, XiangHuai Zhao, YuPing Cao, WeiZhan Wang and Michael Eddleston

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:10

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A non-invasive surrogate measurement for central venous oxygen saturation (ScVO2) would be useful in the ED for assessing therapeutic interventions in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that either linea...

    Authors: Alan E Jones, Karl Kuehne, Michael Steuerwald and Jeffrey A Kline

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:9

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Refusal by the patient to travel after calling an emergency ambulance may lead to a preventable waste of scarce resources if it can be shown that an alternative more appropriate response could be employed. A g...

    Authors: Deborah Shaw, Jane V Dyas, Jo Middlemass, Anne Spaight, Maureen Briggs, Sarah Christopher and A Niroshan Siriwardena

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Endotracheal Tubes (ETTs) are commonly secured using adhesive tape, cloth tape, or commercial devices. The objectives of the study were (1) To compare degrees of movement of ETTs secured with 6 different comme...

    Authors: Paris B Lovett, Alexander Flaxman, Kai M Stürmann and Polly Bijur

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:7

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the Emergency Department (ED), but the cost of ED chest pain patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the direct hospital costs for unselect...

    Authors: Jakob L Forberg, Louise S Henriksen, Lars Edenbrandt and Ulf Ekelund

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:6

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Methylene bis(thiocyanate) (MBT) is a microbiocidal agent mainly used in industrial water cooling systems and paper mills as an inhibitor of algae, fungi, and bacteria.

    Authors: Claude Braun, Rainer Birck, Manfred V Singer, Peter Schnuelle, Fokko J van der Woude and Matthias Löhr

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:5

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Acute ankle injuries are one of the most common reasons for presenting to emergency departments, but only a small percentage of patients – approximately 15% – have clinically significant fractures. However, th...

    Authors: Shahram Yazdani, Hesam Jahandideh and Hossein Ghofrani

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:3

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  28. Content type: Research article

    High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) was introduced in our institution in June 2003. Since then, there has been no protocol to guide the use of HFOV, and all decisions regarding ventilation strategies...

    Authors: Javier D Finkielman, Ognjen Gajic, J Christopher Farmer, Bekele Afessa and Rolf D Hubmayr

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:2

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Patients with traumatic brain injuries and raised intracranial pressure (ICP) display biphasic response with faster gastric emptying during the early stage followed by a prolonged gastric transit time later. W...

    Authors: Joerg Schnoor, Norbert Zoremba, Marcus C Korinth, Bjoern Kochs, Jiri Silny and Rolf Rossaint

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:1

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Flecainide is an antiarrhythmic agent which is being used increasingly for the management of super-ventricular arrhythmias. Overdose with flecainide is frequently fatal with mortality reported as high as 22% d...

    Authors: Jonathan Timperley, Andrew RJ Mitchell, Peter D Brown and Nicholas EJ West

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:10

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  31. Content type: Research article

    An important factor contributing to the high mortality in patients with severe head trauma is cerebral hypoxia. The mechanical ventilation helps both by reduction in the intracranial pressure and hypoxia. Vent...

    Authors: Chintamani, Jotinder Khanna, JP Singh, Pranjal Kulshreshtha, Pawan Kalra, Binita Priyambada, RS Mohil and Dinesh Bhatnagar

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:8

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Ankle pain and swelling following sports injuries are common presenting complaints to the accident and emergency department. Frequently these are diagnosed as musculoskeletal injuries, even when no definitive ...

    Authors: Conor D Marron, Damian McKay, Ruth Johnston, Eamon McAteer and WJ Ivan Stirling

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:9

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Meta-analysis of two randomised controlled trials in severe sepsis performed with recombinant human activated protein C may provide further insight as to the therapeutic utility of targeting the clotting casca...

    Authors: Christian J Wiedermann and Nicole C Kaneider

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:7

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The chest pain unit (CPU) provides rapid diagnostic assessment for patients with acute, undifferentiated chest pain, using a combination of electrocardiographic (ECG) recording, biochemical markers and provoca...

    Authors: Steve Goodacre, Thomas Locker, Jane Arnold, Karen Angelini and Francis Morris

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:6

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common antidepressants used in first-world countries and are generally well tolerated. Specifically, less cardiovascular toxicity has been reported ...

    Authors: Rudolf A de Boer, Tonnis H van Dijk, Nicole D Holman and Joost P van Melle

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:5

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In order to identify relevant targets for change, it is essential to know the reliability of incident staff reporting. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence and type of unintended events (UE) repor...

    Authors: Maurizia Capuzzo, Imad Nawfal, Matilde Campi, Vanna Valpondi, Marco Verri and Raffaele Alvisi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:3

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  37. Content type: Research article

    We previously demonstrated that a computerized psychiatric screening interview (the PRIME-MD) can be used in the Emergency Department (ED) waiting room to identify patients with mental illness. In that trial, ...

    Authors: David L Schriger, Patrick S Gibbons, Wais A Nezami and Carol A Langone

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:2

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Over recent years increased emphasis has been given to performance monitoring of NHS hospitals, including overall number of hospital readmissions, which however are often sub-optimally adjusted for case-mix. W...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Daniel Havely, Islay Gemmell and Gary A Cook

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:1

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  39. Content type: Research article

    There is great variation in the Accident and Emergency workload and location of Urology services in UK hospitals. This study investigated the relationship of the initial management of acute renal colic with th...

    Authors: Tunji A Lasoye, Philip M Sedgwick, Nilay Patel, Chas Skinner and Nadeem Nayeem

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2004 4:5

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