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  1. The Bonfils intubating fiberscope has a limited upward tip angle of 40° and requires retromolar entry into the hypopharynx. These factors may make its use less desirable when managing the difficult airway beca...

    Authors: Ben H Boedeker, Mary A Barak-Bernhagen, David J Miller, Thomas A Nicholas IV, Andrew Linnaus and WB Murray
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:11
  2. It is thought that a good survival rate of patients with acute liver failure can be achieved by establishing an artificial liver support system that reliably compensates liver function until the liver regenera...

    Authors: Shinju Arata, Katsuaki Tanaka, Kazuhisa Takayama, Yoshihiro Moriwaki, Noriyuki Suzuki, Mitsugi Sugiyama and Kazuo Aoyagi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:10
  3. Pulse oximetry is routinely used to continuously and noninvasively monitor arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) in critically ill patients. Although pulse oximeter oxygen saturation (SpO2) has been studied in severa...

    Authors: Ben J Wilson, Hamish J Cowan, Jason A Lord, Dan J Zuege and David A Zygun
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:9
  4. Acute lung injury (ALI) is an example of a critical care syndrome with limited treatment options once the condition is fully established. Despite improved understanding of pathophysiology of ALI, the clinical ...

    Authors: Sweta J Thakur, Cesar A Trillo-Alvarez, Michael M Malinchoc, Rahul Kashyap, Lokendra Thakur, Adil Ahmed, Martin K Reriani, Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba, Jeff A Sloan and Ognjen Gajic
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:8
  5. Mercury poisoning can occur as a result of occupational hazard or suicide attempt. This article presents a 36-year-old case admitted to emergency department (ED) due to exposure to metallic mercury.

    Authors: Sezgin Sarikaya, Ozgur Karcioglu, Didem Ay, Aslı Cetin, Can Aktas and Mustafa Serinken
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:7
  6. To determine the advanced life support procedures provided by an Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and a Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) for vitally compromised children. Incidence and success rate o...

    Authors: Bastiaan M Gerritse, Annelies Schalkwijk, Ben J Pelzer, Gert J Scheffer and Jos M Draaisma
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:6
  7. Primary care doctors on-call in the emergency primary health care services in Norway are, together with the ambulances, the primary resources for handling emergencies outside hospitals. There is a lack of reli...

    Authors: Erik Zakariassen and Steinar Hunskaar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:5

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2012 12:5

  8. Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), a chronic disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of vomiting, is frequently unrecognized and is associated with high utilization of emergency department (ED) services.

    Authors: Thangam Venkatesan, Sally Tarbell, Kathleen Adams, Jennifer McKanry, Trish Barribeau, Kathleen Beckmann, Walter J Hogan, Nilay Kumar and BUK Li
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:4
  9. The incidence of methanol (CH3OH) intoxication differs enormously from country to country. Methanol intoxication is extremely rare in the Dutch population. Even a low dose can already be potentially lethal. Patie...

    Authors: Jelle L Epker and Jan Bakker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:3
  10. Many emergency ambulance calls are for older people who have fallen. As half of them are left at home, a community-based response may often be more appropriate than hospital attendance. The SAFER 1 trial will ...

    Authors: Helen Snooks, Wai-Yee Cheung, Jacqueline Close, Jeremy Dale, Sarah Gaze, Ioan Humphreys, Ronan Lyons, Suzanne Mason, Yasmin Merali, Julie Peconi, Ceri Phillips, Judith Phillips, Stephen Roberts, Ian Russell, Antonio Sánchez, Mushtaq Wani…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:2
  11. Although congestive heart failure (CHF) patients typically present with abnormal auscultatory findings on lung examination, respiratory sounds are not normally subjected to additional analysis. The aim of this...

    Authors: Zhen Wang, Brigitte M Baumann, Karen Slutsky, Karen N Gruber and Smith Jean
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2010 10:1
  12. Traumatic ruptures of the esophagus are relatively rare. This condition is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Most traumatic ruptures occur after motor vehicle accidents.

    Authors: Mark van Heijl, Teun P Saltzherr, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen and J Carel Goslings
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:24
  13. Teamwork is important for patient care and outcome in emergencies. In rural areas, efficient communication between rural hospitals and regional trauma centers optimise decisions and treatment of trauma patient...

    Authors: Stein R Bolle, Frank Larsen, Oddvar Hagen and Mads Gilbert
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:22
  14. Utilizing a computer algorithm, information from calls to an ambulance service was used to calculate the risk of patients being in a life-threatening condition (life threat risk), at the time of the call. If t...

    Authors: Kenji Ohshige, Chihiro Kawakami, Shunsaku Mizushima, Yoshihiro Moriwaki and Noriyuki Suzuki
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:21
  15. More than one-third of US adults 65 and over fall every year. These falls may cause serious injury including substantial long-term morbidity (due declines in activities of daily living) and death. The emergenc...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Caterino, Rowan Karaman, Vinay Arora, Jacqueline L Martin and Brian C Hiestand
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:19
  16. Providing a secured airway is of paramount importance in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Although intubating the trachea is yet seen as gold standard, this technique is still reserved to experienced healthcare ...

    Authors: Johannes Bickenbach, Gereon Schälte, Stefan Beckers, Michael Fries, Matthias Derwall and Rolf Rossaint
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:18
  17. The scope of practice of paramedics in Canada has steadily evolved to include increasingly complex interventions in the prehospital setting, which likely have repercussions on clinical outcome and patient safe...

    Authors: Jan L Jensen, Pat Croskerry and Andrew H Travers
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:17
  18. Several studies on patient safety have shown that a substantial number of patients suffer from unintended harm caused by healthcare management in hospitals. Emergency departments (EDs) are challenging hospital...

    Authors: Marleen Smits, Peter P Groenewegen, Danielle RM Timmermans, Gerrit van der Wal and Cordula Wagner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:16
  19. Intracranial bleeding (IB) is a common and serious consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI). IB can be classified according to the location into: epidural haemorrhage (EDH) subdural haemorrhage (SDH) intrap...

    Authors: Pablo Perel, Ian Roberts, Omar Bouamra, Maralyn Woodford, Jane Mooney and Fiona Lecky
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:15
  20. Cardiac arrest victims most often collapse at home, where only a modest proportion receives life-saving bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As many as 40% of all sudden cardiac arrest victims have agonal ...

    Authors: Christian Vaillancourt, Jan L Jensen, Jeremy Grimshaw, Jamie C Brehaut, Manya Charette, Ann Kasaboski, Martin Osmond, George A Wells and Ian G Stiell
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:14
  21. In 2000, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine) (hereafter, FabAV), "for the management of patients with minimal to moderate North American Crotalid en...

    Authors: Eric J Lavonas, Tammi H Schaeffer, Jamie Kokko, Sara L Mlynarchek and Gregory M Bogdan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:13
  22. Previous studies from the USA have shown that acute nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in low risk emergency department (ED) patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can be of clinical val...

    Authors: Jakob L Forberg, Catarina E Hilmersson, Marcus Carlsson, Håkan Arheden, Jonas Björk, Krister Hjalte and Ulf Ekelund
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:12
  23. Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a ubiquitous problem with serious public health implications. The fast track area is a novel method which aims to reduce waiting time, patient dissatisfaction and morb...

    Authors: Subashnie Devkaran, Howard Parsons, Murray Van Dyke, Jonathan Drennan and Jaishen Rajah
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:11
  24. Although randomized trials and systematic reviews provide the "best evidence" for guiding medical practice, many emergency medicine journals still publish case reports (CRs). The quality of the reporting in th...

    Authors: Tiffany P Richason, Stephen M Paulson, Steven R Lowenstein and Kennon J Heard
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:10
  25. Intubation of the trachea in the pre-hospital setting may be lifesaving in severely ill and injured patients. However, tracheal intubation is frequently difficult to perform in this challenging environment, is...

    Authors: Sajid Nasim, Chrisen H Maharaj, Muhammad A Malik, John O' Donnell, Brendan D Higgins and John G Laffey
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:9
  26. Road traffic injuries are a major public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Post-crash management can play a significant role in minimizing crash consequences and saving lives. Ira...

    Authors: Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Reza Mohammadi, Lucie Laflamme, Ali Bikmoradi and Bo JA Haglund
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:8
  27. Since June 2002, revised regulations in Germany have required "Emergency Medical Care" as an interdisciplinary subject, and state that emergency treatment should be of increasing importance within the curricul...

    Authors: Stefan K Beckers, Arnd Timmermann, Michael P Müller, Matthias Angstwurm and Felix Walcher
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:7
  28. Laboratory tests for routine drug of abuse and toxicology (DOA/Tox) screening, often used in emergency medicine, generally utilize antibody-based tests (immunoassays) to detect classes of drugs such as ampheta...

    Authors: Matthew D Krasowski, Anthony F Pizon, Mohamed G Siam, Spiros Giannoutsos, Manisha Iyer and Sean Ekins
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:5
  29. Suboptimal bag ventilation in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has demonstrated detrimental physiological outcomes for cardiac arrest patients. In light of recent guideline changes for resuscitation, there ...

    Authors: Ziad Nehme and Malcolm J Boyle
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:4
  30. Cardiac arrests are handled by teams rather than by individual health-care workers. Recent investigations demonstrate that adherence to CPR guidelines can be less than optimal, that deviations from treatment a...

    Authors: Sabina Hunziker, Franziska Tschan, Norbert K Semmer, Roger Zobrist, Martin Spychiger, Marc Breuer, Patrick R Hunziker and Stephan C Marsch
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:3
  31. Paramedics are frequently required to perform tracheal intubation, a potentially life-saving manoeuvre in severely ill patients, in the prehospital setting. However, direct laryngoscopy is often more difficult...

    Authors: Sajid Nasim, Chrisen H Maharaj, Ihsan Butt, Muhammad A Malik, John O' Donnell, Brendan D Higgins, Brian H Harte and John G Laffey
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2009 9:2
  32. Base deficit (BD), anion gap (AG), and albumin corrected anion gap (ACAG) are used by clinicians to assess the presence or absence of hyperlactatemia (HL). We set out to determine if these tools can diagnose t...

    Authors: Lakhmir S Chawla, Shirley Shih, Danielle Davison, Christopher Junker and Michael G Seneff
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:18
  33. Psychiatric and substance use problems are commonly found to be contributing factors to frequent Emergency Department (ED) use, yet little research has focused on the association between substance use and psyc...

    Authors: Geoffrey M Curran, Greer Sullivan, Keith Williams, Xiaotong Han, Elise Allee and Kathryn J Kotrla
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:17
  34. High levels of stress among ambulance personnel have been attributed to the conditions of ambulance work. However, there is little research to support this notion, and it has been questioned whether ambulance ...

    Authors: Tom Sterud, Erlend Hem, Øivind Ekeberg and Bjørn Lau
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:16
  35. Poisoned patients are often treated in and discharged from pre-hospital health care settings. Studies of poisonings should therefore not only include hospitalized patients. Aims: To describe the acutely poison...

    Authors: Fridtjof Heyerdahl, Knut E Hovda, Mari A Bjornaas, Anne K Nore, Jose CP Figueiredo, Oivind Ekeberg and Dag Jacobsen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:15
  36. In an out-of-hospital emergency situation bystander intervention is essential for a sufficient functioning of the chain of rescue. The basic measures of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (Basic Life Support – BLS)...

    Authors: Christoph HR Wiese, Henryk Wilke, Jan Bahr and Bernhard M Graf
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:14
  37. Overall survival rates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceed 5%. While bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can increase survival for cardiac arrest victims by up to four times, bystander C...

    Authors: Christian Vaillancourt, Jeremy Grimshaw, Jamie C Brehaut, Martin Osmond, Manya L Charette, George A Wells and Ian G Stiell
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:13
  38. Cardiac arrest is the leading cause of mortality in Canada, and the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest rarely exceeds 5%. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has been shown to i...

    Authors: Christian Vaillancourt, Manya L Charette, Ian G Stiell and George A Wells
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:12
  39. Emergency Department (ED) medical officers are often the first medical responders to emergencies in Jamaica because pre-hospital emergency response services are not universally available. Over the past decade,...

    Authors: Ivor W Crandon, Hyacinth E Harding, Shamir O Cawich, Eric W Williams and Jean Williams-Johnson
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:11
  40. Trauma is a major source of morbidity and mortality, especially in people below the age of 50 years. For the evaluation of trauma patients CT scanning has gained wide acceptance in and provides detailed inform...

    Authors: Teun P Saltzherr, PH Ping Fung Kon Jin, Fred C Bakker, Kees J Ponsen, Jan SK Luitse, Mark Scholing, Georgios F Giannakopoulos, Ludo FM Beenen, C Pieter Henny, Ger M Koole, Hans B Reitsma, Marcel GW Dijkgraaf, Patrick MM Bossuyt and J Carel Goslings
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:10
  41. Emergency Medical Care is an important component of health care system. Unfortunately it is however, ignored in many low income countries. We assessed the availability and quality of facility-based emergency m...

    Authors: Junaid A Razzak, Adnan A Hyder, Tasleem Akhtar, Mubashir Khan and Uzma R Khan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:8
  42. The goals of the study were to assess the relationship between age and processes of care in emergency department (ED) patients admitted with pneumonia and to identify independent predictors of failure to meet ...

    Authors: Jeffrey M Caterino, Brian C Hiestand and Daniel R Martin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:6
  43. The osmole gap is used routinely as a screening test for the presence of exogenous osmotically active substances, such as the toxic alcohols ethylene glycol and methanol, particularly when the ability to measu...

    Authors: Larry D Lynd, Kathryn J Richardson, Roy A Purssell, Riyad B Abu-Laban, Jeffery R Brubacher, Katherine J Lepik and Marco LA Sivilotti
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:5
  44. In 1999, the laryngeal tube (VBM Medizintechnik, Sulz, Germany) was introduced as a new supraglottic airway. It was designed to allow either spontaneous breathing or controlled ventilation during anaesthesia; ...

    Authors: Christoph HR Wiese, Utz Bartels, Alexander Schultens, Tobias Steffen, Andreas Torney, Jan Bahr and Bernhard M Graf
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2008 8:4

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