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  1. Pre-clinical psychiatric emergencies are generally treated by emergency medical staff. The subsequent clinical treatment is often conditioned by interaction problems between emergency medical staff and psychia...

    Authors: Benedikt Schick, Benjamin Mayer, Markus Jäger, Bettina Jungwirth, Eberhard Barth, Martin Eble, Christoph Sponholz, Claus-Martin Muth and Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:173
  2. Older adults living with frailty who require treatment in hospitals are increasingly seen in the Emergency Departments (EDs). One quick and simple frailty assessment tool—the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)—has b...

    Authors: Abdullah Alshibani, Tim Coats, Laia Maynou, Fiona Lecky, Jay Banerjee and Simon Conroy
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:171
  3. Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen. During the pandemic, to contain the spread of COVID-19, there were some integral changes in the medical processes based on the pandemic prevention ...

    Authors: Xuan Cai, Jingtao Bi, Zhixue Zheng and Yaqi Liu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:170
  4. Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a critical complication of acute myocardial infarction, especially ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study identified the risk factors for SCA in patients ...

    Authors: Chang-Hung Chu, Hong-Mo Shih, Shao-Hua Yu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Ji-Syuan Sie, Fen-Wei Huang and Tai-Yi Hsu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:169
  5. Since hospitals play an important role in dealing with disaster victims, this study was conducted to audit the functional preparedness of the selected military hospital in response to incidents and disasters.

    Authors: Esmail Heidaranlu, Mehdi Amiri, Mohammad Mehdi Salaree, Forogh Sarhangi, Yaser Saeed and Asghar Tavan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:168
  6. Understanding the changes in characteristics of patients who visited trauma centres during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is important to facilitate aneffective response. This retrospective s...

    Authors: Sooyeon Kang, Ji Eun Park, Ji Wool Ko, Myoung Jun Kim, Young Un Choi, Hongjin Shim, Keum Seok Bae and Kwangmin Kim
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:167
  7. Oesophageal foreign bodies (EFBs) are a common emergency issue in paediatrics, and few studies have revealed its clinical features and treatment methods. We conducted this retrospective study to provide our 10...

    Authors: Guo Xu, Yong-chao Chen, Jing Chen, De-sheng Jia, Ze-bin Wu and Lan Li
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:166
  8. Emergency medical service (EMS) providers are the first medical professionals to make contact with patients in an emergency. However, the frequency of care by EMS providers for severely injured children is lim...

    Authors: Mafumi Shinohara, Takashi Muguruma, Chiaki Toida, Masayasu Gakumazawa, Takeru Abe and Ichiro Takeuchi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:165
  9. Urban mobility has drastically evolved over the last decade and micromobility rapidly became an expanding segment of contemporary daily transportation routines. E-scooter riders and bicyclists may share simila...

    Authors: Axel Benhamed, Amaury Gossiome, Amina Ndiaye and Karim Tazarourte
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:164
  10. Although the timely involvement of trauma surgeons is widely accepted as standard care in a trauma center, there is an ongoing debate regarding the value of an on-site attending trauma surgeon compared to an o...

    Authors: Oscar E. C. van Maarseveen, Wietske H. W. Ham and Loek P. H. Leenen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:163
  11. Non-technical errors, such as insufficient communication or leadership, are a major cause of medical failures during trauma resuscitation. Research on staffing variation among trauma teams on teamwork is still...

    Authors: Oscar E. C. van Maarseveen, Roel L. N. Huijsmans, Luke P. H. Leenen and Wietske H. W. Ham
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:161
  12. The outcome of road traffic injury (RTI) is determined by duration of prehospital time, patient’s demographics, and the type of injury and its mechanism. During the emergency medical service (EMS) prehospital ...

    Authors: Shingo Ito, Hideki Asai, Yasuyuki Kawai, Shunji Suto, Sachiko Ohta and Hidetada Fukushima
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:160
  13. Emergency department (ED) High users (HU), defined as having more than ten visits to the ED per year, are a small group of patients that use a significant proportion of ED resources. The High Users Resolution ...

    Authors: Simão Gonçalves, Francisco von Hafe, Flávio Martins, Carla Menino, Maria José Guimarães, Andreia Mesquita, Susana Sampaio and Ana Rita Londral
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:159
  14. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to trauma is rare, and survival in this group is infrequent. Over the last decades, several new procedures have been implemented to increase survival, and a “Special c...

    Authors: Stephan Seewald, Jan Wnent, Jan-Thorsten Gräsner, Ingvild Tjelmeland, Matthias Fischer, Andreas Bohn, Bertil Bouillon, Holger Maurer and Rolf Lefering
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:158
  15. Authors: Takahiro Miyoshi, Hideki Endo, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Koki Shimada, Hiraku Kumamaru, Nao Ichihara, Yoshiki Miyachi and Hiroaki Miyata
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:157

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:120

  16. Reports regarding transportation methods of severely critical patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) or paediatric ICU (PICU) are limited. In an attempt to address this research gap, this study aime...

    Authors: Tadashi Ishihara, Ken Okamoto and Hiroshi Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:156
  17. It is not known whether emergency departments (EDs) with primary care services influence demand for non-urgent care (‘provider-induced demand’). We proposed that distinct primary care services in EDs encourage...

    Authors: I. J. McFadzean, M. Edwards, F. Davies, A. Cooper, D. Price, A. Carson-Stevens, J. Dale, T. Hughes, A. Porter, B. Harrington, B. Evans, N. Siriwardena, P. Anderson and A. Edwards
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:155
  18. Terrorist attacks are one of the human problems that affect many countries, leaving behind a huge toll of disabilities and deaths. The aim of this study was to use a mixed-method analysis to design and validat...

    Authors: Sadegh Miraki, Yasamin Molavi-Taleghani, Mohammadreza Amiresmaeili, Mahmood Nekoei-Moghadam and Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:154
  19. Emergency medical services (EMS) are the first point of contact for most acute stroke patients. EMS call to hospital times have increased in recent years for stroke patients in the UK which is undesirable due ...

    Authors: Graham McClelland, Sarah Hepburn, Tracy Finch and Christopher I. Price
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:153
  20. Post-resuscitation debriefing (PRD) is the process of facilitated, reflective discussion, enabling team-based interpersonal feedback and identification of systems-level barriers to patient care. The importance...

    Authors: April J. Kam, Clarelle L. Gonsalves, Samantha V. Nordlund, Stephen J. Hale, Jennifer Twiss, Cynthia Cupido, Mandeep Brar and Melissa J. Parker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:152
  21. We investigated key risk factors for hospital admission related to powered scooters, which are modes of transportation with increasing accessibility across the United States (US).

    Authors: Sergio M. Navarro, Victor R. Vakayil, Rafat H. Solaiman, Evan J. Keil, Matthew W. Cohen, Ellen J. Spartz, Christopher J. Tignanelli and James V. Harmon Jr.
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:150
  22. Maternal cardiac arrest is a rare and complex process requiring pregnancy-specific responses and techniques. The goals of this study were to (1) identify, evaluate, and determine the most current best practice...

    Authors: Andrea D. Shields, Jacqueline D. Battistelli, Laurie B. Kavanagh, Brook A. Thomson and Peter E. Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:149
  23. Diagnostic errors constitute an important medical safety problem that needs improvement, and their frequency and severity are high in emergency room settings. Previous studies have suggested that diagnostic er...

    Authors: Kotaro Kunitomo, Taku Harada and Takashi Watari
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:148
  24. US emergency department (ED) visits for burns and factors associated with inter-facility transfer are unknown and described in this manuscript.

    Authors: Christopher S. Evans, Kimberly Hart, Wesley H. Self, Sayeh Nikpay, Callie M. Thompson and Michael J. Ward
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:147
  25. Emergency medical dispatchers typically use the dispatch code for suspected stroke when the caller brings up one or more symptoms from the face-arm-speech triad. Paramedics and emergency department physicians ...

    Authors: Pauli Vuorinen, Joonas Kiili, Essi Alanko, Heini Huhtala, Jyrki Ollikainen, Piritta Setälä and Sanna Hoppu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:146
  26. Physician Order for Life-Sustaining Treatment forms (POLST) exist in some format in all 50 states. The objective of this study is to determine paramedic interpretation and application of the California POLST f...

    Authors: Amelia M. Breyre, Karl A. Sporer, Glen Davenport, Eric Isaacs and Nicolaus W. Glomb
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:145
  27. Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is widespread in hospitals in many countries, causing severe consequences to patient outcomes, staff work and the system, with an overall increase in costs. Therefore, he...

    Authors: Giovanni Improta, Massimo Majolo, Eliana Raiola, Giuseppe Russo, Giuseppe Longo and Maria Triassi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:143
  28. Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical condition presented in emergency departments globally. It is also the most common cause of abdominal pain treated surgically, with a lifetime risk of 7%. Recent s...

    Authors: Bassant Sayed Moussa, Mohamed Amin Ali, Dina AbdulRahman Ramadan Mohamed and Amal Mohamed El Shahhat
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:142
  29. Road traffic injuries (RTI) are the leading cause of death worldwide in children over 5 and adults aged 18–29. Nonfatal RTIs result in 20–50 million annual injuries. In Bangladesh, a new mechanism of RTI has e...

    Authors: Anna Tupetz, Eleanor Strand, Kazi Imdadul Hoque, Mohsina Sultana, Joao Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Catherine Staton and Michel D. Landry
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:141
  30. Authors: Soudani Marghli, Chafiaa Bouhamed, Amira Sghaier, Nabil Chebbi, Insaf Dlala, Samia Bettout, Achref Belkacem, Sarra Kbaier, Nahla Jerbi and Abdelouahab Bellou
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:140

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:134

  31. T-CPR has been shown to increase bystander CPR rates dramatically and is associated with improved patient survival.

    Authors: Fareed Ahmed, Uzma Rahim Khan, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Ahmed Raheem, Rubaba Naeem, Abid Naveed, Junaid Abdul Razzak and Nadeem Ullah Khan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:139
  32. During the COVID-19 pandemic, maintenance of essential healthcare systems became very challenging. We describe the triage system of our institute, and assess the quality of care provided to critically ill non-...

    Authors: Harin Rhee, Gum Sook Jang, Sungmi Kim, Wanhee Lee, Hakeong Jeon, Da Woon Kim, Byung-min Ye, Hyo Jin Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Seo Rin Kim, Il Young Kim, Sang Heon Song, Eun Young Seong, Dong Won Lee and Soo Bong Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:138
  33. Taiwan’s successful containment of the COVID-19 outbreak prior to 2021 provided a unique environment for the surveillance of unnecessary emergency medical use. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of ...

    Authors: Wen-Min Tseng, Po-Hsiang Lin, Pin-Chieh Wu and Chih-Hsiang Kao
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:137
  34. We aimed to evaluate door-to-puncture time (DPT) and door-to-recanalization time (DRT) without directing healthcare by neuro-interventionalist support in the emergency department (ED) by workflow optimization ...

    Authors: Shuiquan Yang, Weiping Yao, James E. Siegler, Mohammad Mofatteh, Jack Wellington, Jiale Wu, Wenjun Liang, Gan Chen, Zhou Huang, Rongshen Yang, Juanmei Chen, Yajie Yang, Zhaohui Hu and Yimin Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:136
  35. Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) is a severe complication of portal hypertension that is caused by rupture of the esophageal or gastric varix. Scoring system for risk stratification of AVB is difficult to use bec...

    Authors: Jun Seok Seo, Yongwon Kim, Yoonsuk Lee, Ho Young Chung and Tae Youn Kim
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:135
  36. The additive benefit of inhaled corticosteroid when used with systemic corticosteroid in acute asthma is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of high and repeated doses of inhale...

    Authors: Soudani Marghli, Chafiaa Bouhamed, Amira Sghaier, Nabil Chebbi, Insaf Dlala, Samia Bettout, Achref Belkacem, Sarra Kbaier, Nahla Jerbi and Abdelouahab Bellou
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:134

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:140

  37. During the Syrian civil war, patients were initially treated on-site in Syria and later transferred to medical centers in Israel. Relevant details concerning the exact nature of injury and medical/surgical car...

    Authors: Amitai Bickel, Konstantin Akinichev, Michael Weiss, Samer Ganam, Seema Biswas, Igor Waksman and Eli Kakiashvilli
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:132
  38. Recent studies have shown the prognostic value of capillary refill time (CRT) and suggested that resuscitation management guided by CRT may reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with septic shock. However...

    Authors: Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Cléo Wiart, Rémi Schweizer, Léa Didier, Martin Ruste, Maxime Coutrot, Matthieu Legrand, Florent Baudin, Etienne Javouhey, François Dépret and Jean-Luc Fellahi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:131
  39. This study aims to estimate and compare the parameters of some univariate and bivariate count models to identify the factors affecting the number of mortality and the number of injured in road accidents.

    Authors: Soodeh Shahsavari, Ali Mohammadi, Shayan Mostafaei, Ehsan Zereshki, Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaei, Mohsen Zhaleh, Meisam Shahsavari and Frouzan Zeini
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:130
  40. Prehospital advanced airway management, including endotracheal intubation (ETI), is one of the most commonly performed advanced life support skills. In South Africa, prehospital ETI is performed by non-physici...

    Authors: Craig A. Wylie, Farzana Araie, Clint Hendrikse, Jan Burke, Ivan Joubert, Anneli Hardy and Willem Stassen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:129
  41. In the event of a sudden illness or injury, elderly individuals are often dependent on self-help and mutual assistance from partners. With poor access to medical services during natural and other disasters, th...

    Authors: Eva Dolenc Šparovec, Damjan Slabe, Ivan Eržen and Uroš Kovačič
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:128
  42. Substance use is common among people who visit emergency departments (EDs) frequently. We aimed to characterize subgroups within this cohort to better understand care needs/gaps, and generalizability of charac...

    Authors: Jessica Moe, Yueqiao Elle Wang, Michael J. Schull, Kathryn Dong, Margaret J. McGregor, Corinne M. Hohl, Brian R. Holroyd and Kimberlyn M. McGrail
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:127
  43. The survival of children who suffer cardiac arrest is poor. This study aimed to determine the predictors and outcome of cardiac arrest in paediatric patients presenting to an emergency department of a tertiary...

    Authors: Amne O. Yussuf, Said S. Kilindimo, Hendry R. Sawe, Elishah N. Premji, Hussein K. Manji, Alphonce N. Simbila, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:126
  44. For critically ill patients, mechanical ventilation is considered a pillar of respiratory life support. The mortality of victims in intensive care units is high in resource-constrained Sub-Saharan African coun...

    Authors: Lehulu Tilahun, Asressie Molla, Fanos Yeshanew Ayele, Aytenew Nega and Kirubel Dagnaw
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:125
  45. Regurgitation is a complication common during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This manikin study evaluated the effect of regurgitation during endotracheal intubation on CPR quality.

    Authors: Li-Wei Lin, James DuCanto, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yung-Cheng Su, Chi-Chieh Huang and Shih-Wen Hung
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:124

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