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  1. Hypoglycaemia is a potentially serious condition, characterised by lower-than-normal blood glucose levels, common in people with diabetes (PWD). It can be prevented and self-managed if expert support, such as ...

    Authors: Despina Laparidou, Vanessa Botan, Graham R. Law, Elise Rowan, Murray D. Smith, Amanda Brewster, Robert Spaight, Pauline Mountain, Sally Dunmore, June James, Leon Roberts, Kamlesh Khunti and A. Niroshan Siriwardena
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:21
  2. Limited data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) on the severity of road traffic injuries (RTIs) and their relation to different variables of interest are routinely obtained. Knowledge on this subjec...

    Authors: Lourdes Gómez-García, Elisa Hidalgo-Solórzano, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Vanessa F. Jacobo-Zepeda, Ricardo G. Ascencio-Tene, Jeffrey C. Lunnen and Amber Mehmood
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:20
  3. Drug-related emergency department (ED) visits are escalating, especially for stimulant use (i.e., cocaine and psychostimulants such as methamphetamine). We sought to characterize rates, presentation, and manageme...

    Authors: Leslie W. Suen, Thibaut Davy-Mendez, Kathy T. LeSaint, Elise D. Riley and Phillip O. Coffin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:19
  4. The utilization of a rapid response team (RRT) has influenced the clinical outcomes of patients in the general ward. However, the characteristics of RRT-screened patients who are transferred to the intensive c...

    Authors: Song-I. Lee, Jeong Suk Koh, Yoon Joo Kim, Da Hyun Kang and Jeong Eun Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:18
  5. To understand the characteristics and clinical presentation of patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) visiting the emergency department (ED), and to examine the factors associated with clinical outcomes ...

    Authors: Xingyu Zhang, Peilin Qiu, Anna Prushinskaya, Yun Jiang, Hui Fan and Sheng Yang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:16
  6. In the future, we can expect an increase in older patients in emergency departments (ED) and acute wards. The main purpose of this study was to identify predictors of short- and long-term mortality in the ED a...

    Authors: Henrik Olsson, Björn W. Karlson, Johan Herlitz, Thomas Karlsson, Jenny Hellberg, Mattias Prytz, Ninni Sernert and Niklas Ekerstad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:15
  7. Patients requiring emergent warfarin reversal (EWR) have been prescribed three-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC3) and four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC4) to reverse the anticoagulant ...

    Authors: David J. Margraf, Sarah J. Brown, Heather L. Blue, Tamara L. Bezdicek, Julian Wolfson and Scott A. Chapman
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:14
  8. Even force distribution would generate efficient external chest compression (ECC). Little research has been done to compare force distribution between one-hand (OH) and two-handed (TH) during child ECC. Therefo.....

    Authors: Jui-Yi Tsou, Chia-Lung Kao, Yi-Fang Tu, Ming-Yuan Hong, Fong-Chin Su and Chih-Hsien Chi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:13

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:151

  9. Patient experience is an important outcome and indicator of healthcare quality, and patient reported experiences are key to improving quality of care. While patient experience in emergency departments (EDs) ha...

    Authors: Delyth Price, Michelle Edwards, Freya Davies, Alison Cooper, Joy McFadzean, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Matthew Cooke, Jeremy Dale, Bridie Angela Evans, Barbara Harrington, Julie Hepburn, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Helen Snooks and Adrian Edwards
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:12
  10. There is sparse evidence in the literature assessing emergency department presentation with respiratory disorders among Indigenous patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteris...

    Authors: Subash S. Heraganahally, Ram H. Ghimire, Timothy Howarth, Oshini M. Kankanamalage, Didier Palmer and Henrik Falhammar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:11

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:81

  11. Patient handover between prehospital care and the emergency department plays a key role in patient safety. Therefore, we aimed to create a validated tool for measuring quality of communication and interprofess...

    Authors: Marina Golling, Wilhelm Behringer and Daniel Schwarzkopf
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:10
  12. Green pit vipers (GPVs), namely Trimeresurus albolabris and Trimeresurus stejnegeri accounts for most snakebites in Southern China. Green pit viper venom contains thrombin-like enzymes, resulting in defibrination...

    Authors: Liangbo Zeng, Qing Liang, Zijing Liang, Jieyun Han, Miaozhu Wu, Rong Liu and Xida Wang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:9
  13. Pain relief in the prehospital setting is often insufficient, as the administration of potent intravenous analgesic drugs is mostly reserved to physicians. In Australia, inhaled methoxyflurane has been in rout...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Alexander Egger, Reinhard Doppler, Mathias Pimiskern and Wolfgang G. Voelckel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:8
  14. The northern regions of the Nordic countries have common challenges of sparsely populated areas, long distances, and an arctic climate. The aim of this study was to compare the cause and rate of fatal injuries...

    Authors: Tine Steinvik, Lasse Raatiniemi, Brynjólfur Mogensen, Guðrún B. Steingrímsdóttir, Torfinn Beer, Anders Eriksson, Trond Dehli, Torben Wisborg and Håkon Kvåle Bakke
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:7
  15. Point-of-care testing (POCT) is diagnostic testing performed at or near to the site of the patient. Understanding the current capacity, and scope, of POCT in this setting is essential in order to respond to ne...

    Authors: Meenu Pandey, Mark D. Lyttle, Katrina Cathie, Alasdair Munro, Thomas Waterfield and Damian Roland
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:6
  16. Many health care systems triage injured patients to major trauma centres (MTCs) or local hospitals by using triage tools and paramedic judgement. Triage tools are typically assessed by whether patients with an...

    Authors: Daniel Pollard, Gordon Fuller, Steve Goodacre, Eveline A. J. van Rein, Job F. Waalwijk and Mark van Heijl
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:4
  17. Early intravenous fluids for patients with sepsis presenting with hypoperfusion or shock in the emergency department remains one of the key recommendations of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines to reduce...

    Authors: Gladis Kabil, Steven A. Frost, Deborah Hatcher, Amith Shetty, Jann Foster and Stephen McNally
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:3
  18. Prehospital stroke trials will inevitably recruit patients with non-stroke conditions, so called stroke mimics. We undertook a pre-specified analysis to determine outcomes in patients with mimics in the second...

    Authors: Bronwyn Tunnage, Lisa J. Woodhouse, Mark Dixon, Craig Anderson, Sandeep Ankolekar, Jason Appleton, Lesley Cala, Timothy England, Kailash Krishnan, Diane Havard, Grant Mair, Keith Muir, Steve Phillips, John Potter, Christopher Price, Marc Randall…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:2
  19. The rates of emergency neurosurgery in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients vary between populations and trauma centers. In planning acute TBI treatment, knowledge about rates and incidence of emergency neuro...

    Authors: Cathrine Tverdal, Mads Aarhus, Pål Rønning, Ola Skaansar, Karoline Skogen, Nada Andelic and Eirik Helseth
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:1
  20. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar were Muslims fast from dawn until sunset. This prolonged fasting period might have an impact on patients with diabetes and their disease control. This study a...

    Authors: Abdullah M. AlZahrani, Mawaddah M. Zawawi, Naif A. Almutairi, Ammar Y. Alansari and Amina A. Bargawi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:162
  21. To asses the prognostic value of diagnostic scales in mortality of community-adquired sepsis and added value of additional parameters.

    Authors: Jorge Clar, María Rosa Oltra, Raquel Benavent, Carolina Pinto, Adrian Ruiz, Maria Teresa Sanchez, Jose Noceda, Josep Redon and Maria Jose Forner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:161
  22. After-hours house call (AHHC) medical services have been implemented in Japan to reduce ambulance use, as well as overcrowding at the emergency department (ED). Examining the pre-and post-home visit behaviors ...

    Authors: Ryota Inokuchi, Kojiro Morita, Xueying Jin, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:159
  23. Improving telephone triage for patients with chest pain has been identified as a national research priority. However, there is a lack of strong evidence to define the life-threatening conditions (LTCs) that te...

    Authors: Ahmed Alotaibi, Richard Body, Simon Carley and Elspeth Pennington
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:158
  24. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) may be an adjunct treatment to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Aortic occlusion may increase aortic pressure and increase the coronary per...

    Authors: Jostein Rødseth Brede, Eivinn Skjærseth, Pål Klepstad, Trond Nordseth and Andreas Jørstad Krüger
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:157
  25. In Sweden, the majority of patients who are transported to hospital by the emergency medical services (EMS) are relatively old and the majority suffer from comorbidity. About half these patients are admitted t...

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Helena Ryge, Filip Scott, Johan Herlitz and Christer Axelsson
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:156
  26. Prehospital telephone triage stratifies patients into five categories, “need immediate hospital visit by ambulance,” “need to visit a hospital within 1 hour,” “need to visit a hospital within 6 hours,” “need t...

    Authors: Ryota Inokuchi, Xueying Jin, Masao Iwagami, Toshikazu Abe, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:155
  27. Older adults (age ≥ 65 years) represent a significant proportion of all patients who are not transported to hospital after assessment by ambulance clinicians (non-conveyed patients). This study aimed to fill t...

    Authors: Jakob Lederman, Veronica Lindström, Carina Elmqvist, Caroline Löfvenmark, Gunnar Ljunggren and Therese Djärv
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:154
  28. Acute asthma is a common presentation to emergency departments (EDs) worldwide and, due to overcrowding, delays in treatment often occur. This study deconstructs the total ED length of stay into stages and est...

    Authors: Kimberly R. Kroetch, Brian H. Rowe and Rhonda J. Rosychuk
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:153
  29. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and other illness prognostic scores predict adverse outcomes in critical patients. Their validation as a decision-making tool in the emergency department (ED) of seco...

    Authors: GianLuca Colussi, Giacomo Perrotta, Pierpaolo Pillinini, Alessia G. Dibenedetto, Andrea Da Porto, Cristiana Catena and Leonardo A. Sechi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:152
  30. The concept that upper extremities can be used as an infusion route during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pregnant women is a reasonable recommendation considering the characteristic circulation of pregnant ...

    Authors: Eishin Nakamura, Shinji Takahashi, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Hiroaki Tanaka, Marie Furuta and Atsushi Sakurai
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:151
  31. Undertriage of major trauma patients is unavoidable, especially in the trauma system of rural areas. Timely stabilization and transfer of critical trauma patients remains a great challenge for hospitals with l...

    Authors: Chih-Jung Wang, Tsung-Han Yang, Kuo-Shu Hung, Chun-Hsien Wu, Shu-Ting Yen, Yi-Ting Yen and Yan-Shen Shan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:150
  32. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels have previously been associated with readmission and mortality in acute medical patients in the ED. However, no specific cut-offs for suPAR have ...

    Authors: Seppälä Santeri, Andersen Andreas Peter, Nyyssönen Kristiina, Eugen-Olsen Jesper and Hyppölä Harri
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:149
  33. Pre-hospital services are not well developed in Vietnam, especially the lack of a trauma system of care. Thus, the prognosis of traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might differ from that of other c...

    Authors: Son Ngoc Do, Chinh Quoc Luong, Dung Thi Pham, My Ha Nguyen, Tra Thanh Ton, Quoc Trong Ai Hoang, Dat Tuan Nguyen, Thao Thi Ngoc Pham, Hanh Trong Hoang, Dai Quoc Khuong, Quan Huu Nguyen, Tuan Anh Nguyen, Tung Thanh Tran, Long Duc Vu, Chi Van Nguyen, Bryan Francis McNally…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:148
  34. Monocyte Distribution Width (MDW), a simple proxy marker of innate monocyte activation, can be used for the early recognition of sepsis along with Procalcitonin. This study explored the added value of MDW as a...

    Authors: Ennio Polilli, Antonella Frattari, Jessica Elisabetta Esposito, Andrea Stanziale, Giuliana Giurdanella, Giancarlo Di Iorio, Fabrizio Carinci and Giustino Parruti
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:147
  35. Emergency care continues to be a challenge, since patients’ arrival is unscheduled and could occur at the same time which may fill the Emergency Department with non-urgent patients. Triaging is an integral par...

    Authors: Saleh Alshaibi, Tala AlBassri, Suliman AlQeuflie, Winnie Philip and Nesrin Alharthy
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:146
  36. Diagnostic discrepancy (DD) is a common phenomenon in healthcare, but little is known about its organisational determinants and consequences. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate this among selected emer...

    Authors: Line Stjernholm Tipsmark, Børge Obel, Tommy Andersson and Rikke Søgaard
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:145
  37. Drug-free tracheal intubation has been a common intervention in the context of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest for many years, however its use by paramedics has recently been the subject of much debate. Recent ...

    Authors: Silas Houghton Budd, Eleanor Alexander-Elborough, Richard Brandon, Chris Fudge, Scott Hardy, Laura Hopkins, Ben Paul, Sloane Philips, Sarah Thatcher and Paul Winsor
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:144
  38. To better understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital healthcare, we studied activity in the emergency department (ED) and acute medicine department of a major UK hospital.

    Authors: Michael E. Reschen, Jordan Bowen, Alex Novak, Matthew Giles, Sudhir Singh, Daniel Lasserson and Christopher A. O’Callaghan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:143
  39. Deciding whether a cranial Computed Tomography (CT) scan in a patient with minor head trauma (MHT) is necessary or not has always been challenging. Diagnosing Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a fundamental part...

    Authors: Taraneh Naghibi, Mina Rostami, Behrad Jamali, Zhaleh Karimimoghaddam, Alireza Zeraatchi and Asghar Jafari Rouhi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:142
  40. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can be associated with myocardial injury. Identification of at-risk patients and mechanisms underlying cardiac involvement in COVID-19 remains uncle...

    Authors: Hugo De Carvalho, Lucas Leonard-Pons, Julien Segard, Nicolas Goffinet, François Javaudin, Arnaud Martinage, Guillaume Cattin, Severin Tiberghien, Dylan Therasse, Marc Trotignon, Fabien Arabucki, Simon Ribes, Quentin Le Bastard and Emmanuel Montassier
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:141
  41. Increasing demand on emergency healthcare systems has prompted introduction of new healthcare service models including the provision of GP services in or alongside emergency departments. In England this led to...

    Authors: Alison Cooper, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Matthew Cooke, Peter Hibbert, Thomas Hughes, Faris Hussain, Aloysius Siriwardena, Helen Snooks, Liam J. Donaldson and Adrian Edwards
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:139
  42. Internationally increasing demand for emergency care is driving innovation within emergency services. The Alternative Pre-Hospital Pathway (APP) Team is one such Community Emergency Medicine (CEM) initiative d...

    Authors: Andrew Patton, Cathal O’Donnell, Owen Keane, Kieran Henry, Donal Crowley, Adrian Collins, Eoghan Redmond, Nicky Glynn, Martin Dunne and Conor Deasy
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:138
  43. Early routine intubation in motor-complete cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) above the C5 level is a conventional protocol to prevent unexpected respiratory exacerbation (RE). However, in the context of recen...

    Authors: Takafumi Yonemitsu, Azuna Kinoshita, Keiji Nagata, Mika Morishita, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi and Seiya Kato
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:136
  44. Clinical reasoning is a crucial task within the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) care process. Both contextual and cognitive factors make the task susceptible to errors. Understanding the EMS care process’ str...

    Authors: Bert Dercksen, Michel M. R. F. Struys, Fokie Cnossen and Wolter Paans
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:135
  45. Optimal multiple trauma care should be continuously provided during the day and night. Several studies have demonstrated worse outcomes and higher mortality in patients admitted at night. This study involved t...

    Authors: Stefanie Fitschen-Oestern, Sebastian Lippross, Rolf Lefering, Tim Klüter, Matthias Weuster, Georg Maximilian Franke, Nora Kirsten, Michael Müller, Ove Schröder and Andreas Seekamp
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:134

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