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Table 1 Patient and surrogate characteristics

From: The accuracy of surrogate decision makers: informed consent in hypothetical acute stroke scenarios

  Patients Surrogates
Characteristics N % N %
Female 122 61% 120 60%
Male 78 39% 80 40%
Ethnicity     
  White 178 89.5% 179 89.5%
  African American 14 7% 14 7%
  Hispanic 2 1% 2 1%
  Asian 3 1% 2 1%
  Other 3 1.5% 3 1.5%
Education     
  Some high school 14 7% 8 4%
  High school graduate 39 19.5% 44 22%
  Some college 77 38.5% 61 30.5%
  College graduate 44 22% 53 26.5%
  Post graduate degree 26 13% 34 17%
Medical history     
  Myocardial infarction 15 7.5% 5 2.5%
  Diabetes 24 12% 15 7.5%
  Stroke 6 3% 8 4%
  Hypertension 49 24.5% 44 22%
  Atrial fibrillation 14 7% 4 2%
  None of the above 132 66% 144 72%
Surrogate relationship to patient     
  Spouse    83 41.5%
  Child    24 12%
  Parent    29 14.5%
  Sibling    10 5%
  Significant other    21 10.5%
  Other    28 14%
  Mean SD Mean SD
Age, years 46.4 18.4 47.2 16
Number of siblings 2.5 1.8 2.4 1.9
Median household income $54,144 $14,818 $54,144 $13,464