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  1. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in many changes in pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS), including wearing full-body protective suits and well-fitted face masks, which can influence time indices in the...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sabbaghi, Mohammad Namazinia and Kheizaran Miri
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:9
  2. The Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination using conventional ultrasound has limited utility for detecting solid organ injury. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis comp...

    Authors: Bayu Sutarjono, Matthew Kessel, Dorian Alexander and Ekjot Grewal
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:8
  3. Cardiac arrest is currently one of the leading causes of mortality in clinical practice, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is widely utilized to assess the severity of comorbidities. We aimed to evalua...

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Qingting Lin, Hui Jiang and Huadong Zhu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:7
  4. Incident management systems and disaster planning processes facilitate maximal use of available resources. Evaluation of the Incident Command System (ICS) is one of the top five key areas of research priority ...

    Authors: Nayani Umesha Rajapaksha, Chrishantha Abeysena, Aindralal Balasuriya, Millawage Supun Dilara Wijesinghe, Suranga Manilgama and Yibeltal Assefa Alemu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:6
  5. Little evidence suggests that trauma centres are associated with a lower risk of mortality in severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥16) with multiple injuries in China. The objective of this ...

    Authors: Qiangping Zhou, Haijin Huang, Linhui Zheng, Haiming Chen and Yuanlin Zeng
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:5
  6. The pandemic has impacted both patients infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and patients who seek emergency assistance due to other health issues. Changes in emergency demands are expected to have occurred during...

    Authors: Séverine Vuilleumier, Thierry Spichiger, Sandrine Dénéréaz and Assunta Fiorentino
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:4
  7. The introduction of chest pain centers (CPC) in China has achieved great success in shortening the duration of nursing operations to significantly improve the treatment and outcomes of patients with ST-segment...

    Authors: Zhenyu Luo, Sihui Liu, Yunying Li and Shuyan Zhong
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:3
  8. Pre-hospital blood transfusion (PHBT) is a safe and gradually expanding procedure applied to trauma patients. A proper decision to activate PHBT with the presently limited diagnostic options at the site of an ...

    Authors: Michal Plodr, Jana Berková, Radomír Hyšpler, Anatolij Truhlář, Jiří Páral and Jaromír Kočí
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:2
  9. It is important to determine the severity of inhalation injury in severely burned patients. The oxygenation index PaO2/FiO2(PF) ratio is a key clinical indicator of inhalation injury. Sequential organ failure ass...

    Authors: Qiang Ji, Jun Tang, Shulian Li and Junjie Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:1
  10. Trauma is one of the important issues in public health because it is responsible for 90% of mortality in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LIMCs). The present study aimed to determine the epidemiological patter...

    Authors: Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Sahar Khoshravesh, Sajjad Abdolmaleki, Tayebeh Bathaei, Mahnaz Farzian and Mohammadreza Saatian
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:210
  11. Access to emergency department (ED) services is important for patients with acute asthma; however, ED crowding may impact the quality of care and compromise outcomes. We examine the association between ED crow...

    Authors: Yifu Huang, Silvia S. Ortiz, Brian H. Rowe and Rhonda J. Rosychuk
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:209
  12. Accurate sepsis diagnosis is paramount for treatment decisions, especially at the emergency department (ED). To improve diagnosis, clinical decision support (CDS) tools are being developed with machine learnin...

    Authors: Michael S. A. Niemantsverdriet, Titus A. P. de Hond, Imo E. Hoefer, Wouter W. van Solinge, Domenico Bellomo, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert, Karin A. H. Kaasjager and Saskia Haitjema
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:208
  13. A longer emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) is associated with poor outcomes. Shortening EDLOS is difficult, due to its multifactorial nature. A potential way to improve EDLOS is through shorter turna...

    Authors: Bram E. L. Vrijsen, Saskia Haitjema, Jan Westerink, Cornelia A. R. Hulsbergen-Veelken, Wouter W. van Solinge and Maarten J. ten Berg
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:207
  14. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, has spread rapidly around the world.

    Authors: Koshi Ota, Daisuke Nishioka, Yusuke Katayama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Jun Masui, Kanna Ota, Masahiko Nitta, Tetsuya Matsuoka and Akira Takasu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:206
  15. It is challenging to identify sepsis in the emergency department, in part due to the non-specific presentation of septic patients. Current clinical sepsis screening tools rely on vital signs but many patients ...

    Authors: Eric A. Larsson, Ulrika M. Wallgren, Anna Su, Jennifer Short and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:205
  16. Globally, there is an increase in the need for emergency department visits, which is exceptionally high in pediatric patients, resulting in longer lengths of stay, which is a global challenge and a hospital bo...

    Authors: Kiberealeme Bisete Negasi, Almaz Tefera Gonete, Migbaru Getachew, Nega Tezera Assimamaw and Bewuketu Terefe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:203
  17. The Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability and Exposure (ABCDE) approach is a universal, priority-based approach for the assessment and treatment of critically ill patients. Although the ABCDE approach is ...

    Authors: Nino H. C. Schoeber, Marjolein Linders, Mathijs Binkhorst, Willem-Pieter De Boode, Jos M. T. Draaisma, Marlies Morsink, Anneliese Nusmeier, Martijn Pas, Christine van Riessen, Nigel M. Turner, Rutger Verhage, Cornelia R. M. G. Fluit and Marije Hogeveen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:202
  18. Acute triage is needed to prioritize care and achieve optimal resource allocation in busy emergency departments. The main objective is to compare the FRench Emergency Nurse Classification in Hospital scale (FR...

    Authors: Antoine Aubrion, Romain Clanet, JP Jourdan, Christian Creveuil, E Roupie and Richard Macrez
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:201
  19. Authors: Takumi Tsuchida and Mineji Hayakawa
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:198

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:197

    The Research to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:121

  20. This commentary discusses the findings of a study by Tsuchida et al. on the effect of annual hospital admissions of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients on survival and neurological outcomes in OHCA patient...

    Authors: Amelia Xin Chun Goh and Andrew Fu Wah Ho
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:197

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:121

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:198

  21. Medical emergency teams (METs) have been implemented to reduce hospital mortality by the early recognition and treatment of potentially life-threatening conditions. The objective of this study was to establish...

    Authors: Anna Adielsson, Christian Danielsson, Pontus Forkman, Thomas Karlsson, Linda Pettersson, Johan Herlitz and Stefan Lundin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:200
  22. Burn is one of the critical health problems worldwide. Developing countries with sub-Saharan and Asian populations are affected more. Its mortality and non-fatal complications depend on several factors includi...

    Authors: Damena Mulatu, Ayalew Zewdie, Biruktawit Zemede, Bewuketu Terefe and Bikis Liyew
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:199
  23. Pre-hospital emergency staffs as the frontline forces fighting against COVID -19 have been affected by this pandemic. Today, the occupational and mental health of these individuals is particularly important to...

    Authors: Najme Chegini, Soheil Soltani, Sajad Noorian, Mostafa Amiri, Fatemeh Rashvand, Saeed Rahmani, Mohadese Aliakbari and Mojtaba Senmar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:196
  24. The current German S3 guideline for polytrauma lists five criteria for prehospital intubation: apnea, severe traumatic brain injury (GCS ≤8), severe chest trauma with respiratory failure, hypoxia, and persiste...

    Authors: Teresa Maek, Ulrike Fochtmann, Anna von Loewenich, Pascal Jungbluth, Werner Zimmermann, Rolf Lefering, Sven Lendemans and Bjoern Hussmann
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:194
  25. Various maneuvers have been introduced to address anterior shoulder dislocations. Chair method allows the patient to sit comfortably and feel less pain during the reduction procedure. However, the rarity of co...

    Authors: Yufeng Ge, Minghui Yang, Feng Gao, Weidong Peng and Xinbao Wu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:192
  26. Early administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to save lives in trauma patients, and some U.S. emergency medical systems (EMS) have begun providing this therapy prehospital. Treatment protocols v...

    Authors: Matthew J. Bivens, Christie L. Fritz, Ryan C. Burke, David W. Schoenfeld and Jennifer V. Pope
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:191
  27. Triage starts at the front door of the Emergency Department (ED), and repeatedly performed by the responsible duty nurses with the aim of facilitating a timely and appropriate treatment of patients. A triage s...

    Authors: Teklu Tsegai Bahlibi, Eyasu Habte Tesfamariam, Yonatan Mehari Andemeskel and Ghidey Gebreyohannes Weldegiorgis
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:190
  28. The shock index (SI) and its derivatives have been shown to predict mortality in severely injured patients, both in pre-hospital and in-hospital settings. However, the impact of the time of measurement on the ...

    Authors: Mikael Laaksonen, Johannes Björkman, Timo Iirola, Lasse Raatiniemi and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:189
  29. Vaso–occlusive crises (VOCs) are acute and common painful complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), and are the main reason behind the frequent emergency department visits among SCD patients. Hydroxyurea (HU)...

    Authors: Sahar Abdullah Alkhalifah, Miteb Alanazi, Majed Ali Almasaoud, Hazim Saeed Al-Malki, Faisal Mohammed Al-Murdhi, Mohammed Saad Al-hazzaa, Suliaman Musaed Al-Mufarrij, Mohammed Ali Albabtain, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshiakh and Yazed AlRuthia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:188
  30. There is limited research on individual patient characteristics, alone or in combination, that contribute to the higher levels of mortality in post-transfer patients. The purpose of this work is to identify si...

    Authors: Andrew P. Reimer, Nicholas K. Schiltz and Siran M. Koroukian
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:187
  31. Venous Thromboembolic disease (VTE) poses a diagnostic challenge for clinicians in acute care. Over reliance on reference standard investigations can lead to over treatment and potential harm.

    Authors: Liam Barrett, Tom Jones and Daniel Horner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:186
  32. Patients presenting with infection to the ambulance are common, but risk factors for poor outcome are not known. The primary aim of the current study was to study the association between variables measured in ...

    Authors: Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Jan Sjölin and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:185
  33. Head injury (HI) in older adults due to low-energy falls result in a substantial number of emergency department (ED) attendances. However, mortality associated with minor HI is very low. Reducing conveyance to...

    Authors: Helen Nicholson, Sarah Voss, Sarah Black, Hazel Taylor, David Williams and Jonathan Benger
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:184
  34. Prolonged emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) in critically ill patients leads to increased mortality. This nationwide study investigated patient and hospital characteristics associated with prolonged ...

    Authors: Kyung-Shin Lee, Hye Sook Min, Jae Young Moon, Daesung Lim, Younghwan Kim, Eunsil Ko, You Sun Kim, Joohae Kim, Jeehye Lee and Ho Kyung Sung
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:183
  35. CD8+ T cells are important for protective immunity against intracellular pathogens. Excessive amounts of antigen and/or inflammatory signals often lead to the gradual deterioration of CD8+ T cell function, a stat...

    Authors: Lei Yan, Yumei Chen, Yi Han and Chaoyang Tong
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:182
  36. Overcrowding in the Emergency Department (ED) is one of the major issues that must be addressed in order to improve the services provided in emergency circumstances and to optimize their quality. As a result, ...

    Authors: Ylenia Colella, Danilo Di Laura, Anna Borrelli, Maria Triassi, Francesco Amato and Giovanni Improta
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:181
  37. Hyperkalemia can lead to fatal cardiac arrhythmias. Ten units of intravenous (IV) regular insulin with 25 g of glucose is the mainstay for treating hyperkalemia. However, the most important complication of thi...

    Authors: Weerapriya Kijprasert, Nilanut Tarudeeyathaworn, Chananthita Loketkrawee, Thidarat Pimpaporn, Pornpiyapat Pattarasettaseranee and Theerapon Tangsuwanaruk
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:179
  38. A shortage of donor organs amid high demand for transplantable organs is a worldwide problem, and an increase in organ donation would be welcomed by the global healthcare system. Patients with brain death (BD)...

    Authors: Yuki Itagaki, Mineji Hayakawa, Kunihiko Maekawa, Akira Kodate, Koyo Moriki, Yuki Takahashi and Hisako Sageshima
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:177
  39. The collateral damage of SARS-CoV-2 is a serious concern in the Emergency Medicine (EM) community, specifically in relation to delayed care increasing morbidity and mortality in attendances unrelated to COVID-...

    Authors: Niamh M. Cummins, Carrie Garavan, Louise A. Barry, Collette Devlin, Gillian Corey, Fergal Cummins, Damien Ryan, Gerard McCarthy and Rose Galvin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:176
  40. Emergency department (ED) nurses and emergency medical technicians (EMTs) find themselves performing triage under time pressure and with limited information. Identifying an effective triage decision-making pro...

    Authors: Aghil Habibi Soola, Saeid Mehri and Islam Azizpour
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:174
  41. Pre-clinical psychiatric emergencies are generally treated by emergency medical staff. The subsequent clinical treatment is often conditioned by interaction problems between emergency medical staff and psychia...

    Authors: Benedikt Schick, Benjamin Mayer, Markus Jäger, Bettina Jungwirth, Eberhard Barth, Martin Eble, Christoph Sponholz, Claus-Martin Muth and Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:173
  42. Older adults living with frailty who require treatment in hospitals are increasingly seen in the Emergency Departments (EDs). One quick and simple frailty assessment tool—the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)—has b...

    Authors: Abdullah Alshibani, Tim Coats, Laia Maynou, Fiona Lecky, Jay Banerjee and Simon Conroy
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:171
  43. Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of acute abdomen. During the pandemic, to contain the spread of COVID-19, there were some integral changes in the medical processes based on the pandemic prevention ...

    Authors: Xuan Cai, Jingtao Bi, Zhixue Zheng and Yaqi Liu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:170

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