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Table 1 Patients' Characteristics.

From: Validation of the Ottawa Ankle Rules in Iran: A prospective survey

  No Percent
Sex   
   Male 105 52.50%
   Female 95 47.50%
Age mean(SD), year 31.86(± 15.95)  
Mechanism of injury   
   Sports activities 49 24.50%
   Descending stairs 31 15.50%
   Falling in pot-holes 25 12.50%
   twisting ankle during casual walking 20 10.00%
   Direct trauma 17 8.50%
   Falling down 16 8.00%
   Tripping over obstacles 13 6.50%
   Others 29 14.50%
Time of Arrival to Emergency   
   <3 h 56 28.00%
   4–7 h 46 23.00%
   8–12 h 23 11.50%
   13–24 h 47 23.50%
   25–48 h 19 9.50%
   >48 h 9 4.50%
Fractures 37 18.50%
   Malleolar zone 23 62.16%
   Lateral malleol 15 40.54%
   Medial malleol 5 13.51%
   Bimalleolar 3 8.11%
   Calcaneus 0 0%
   Talus 0 0%
Midfoot zone 14 37.84%
   Base of 5th metatarsal 13 35.14%
   Navicular 0 0%
   Cuboid 1 2.70%
   Coneiforms 0 0%
Treatments   
   Short leg splint 111 55.50%
   Short leg cast 42 21.00%
   Conservative management 38 19.00%
   Surgery 5 2.50%
   Others 4 2.00%
  1. N = 200