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Table 3 Multiple regressions on the severity dimension (n = 1005)

From: Occupational stressors and its organizational and individual correlates: A nationwide study of Norwegian ambulance personnel

   Lack of co-worker support Lack of leader support Time pressure Demanding job tasks Non-emergency tasks index Serious Operational tasks Physical demands
   β Sig β Sig β Sig β Sig β Sig β Sig β Sig
Gender Men 0.03 n.s 0.03 n.s 0.12 ** 0.07 * 0.05 n.s -0.07 * -0.04 n.s
Age   -0.12 ** -0.09 ** 0.02 n.s -0.07 n.s -0.09 ** 0.00 n.s 0.03 n.s
Neuroticism   0.17 ** 0.14 ** 0.06 n.s 0.11 * 0.14 ** 0.13 ** 0.11 **
Control   0.02 n.s -0.03 n.s 0.05 n.s 0.02 n.s 0.06 n.s -0.02 n.s -0.02 n.s
Introversion   0.04 n.s 0.02 n.s 0.04 n.s -0.04 n.s 0.02 n.s -0.05 n.s 0.02 n.s
Self-efficacy   0.08 * 0.07 * -0.12 ** -0.16 ** -0.16 ** -0.16 ** -0.02 n.s
Size of > 100.000 = ref.               
service 50–100000 0.08 n.s 0.00 n.s 0.03 n.s 0.03 n.s 0.04 n.s 0.00 n.s -0.04 n.s
population 20–50000 0.08 n.s -0.06 n.s 0.05 n.s 0.06 n.s 0.10 * 0.04 n.s -0.05 n.s
  5–20000 0.01 n.s -0.07 n.s -0.04 n.s 0.02 n.s 0.07 n.s 0.02 n.s -0.10 *
  < 5000 -0.09 n.s -0.13 * -0.08 n.s -0.02 n.s 0.00 n.s 0.01 n.s -0.08 n.s
Work time Daytime = ref.               
  Shift -0.03 n.s -0.04 n.s -0.09 ** -0.06 ns -0.06 * -0.02 n.s -0.03 n.s
Working Never = ref.               
overtime < monthly 0.10 n.s 0.09 n.s 0.06 n.s 0.06 n.s 0.17 * 0.21 ** 0.20 **
  monthly 0.15 * 0.09 n.s 0.14 * 0.09 ns 0.21 ** 0.27 ** 0.20 **
  2 week 0.16 ** 0.12 * 0.11 n.s 0.12 * 0.22 ** 0.25 ** 0.23 **
  weekly 0.17 ** 0.08 n.s 0.12 * 0.05 ns 0.17 ** 0.20 ** 0.24 **
Colleague Yes = ref.               
support No 0.02 n.s 0.04 n.s 0.01 n.s 0.06 n.s -0.01 n.s 0.04 n.s 0.05 n.s
system No, would be nice 0.02 n.s 0.09 * -0.03 n.s 0.06 n.s 0.00 n.s 0.09 * 0.09 *
  Planned 0.03 n.s 0.05 n.s 0.02 n.s -0.01 n.s 0.06 n.s 0.05 n.s 0.04 n.s
'Exposure No = ref.               
to serious One or few times 0.11 ** 0.12 ** 0.11 ** 0.11 ** 0.11 ** 0.16 ** 0.06 n.s
Event' Sometimes 0.14 ** 0.16 ** 0.20 ** 0.14 ** 0.15 ** 0.24 ** 0.15 **
  Not relevant to me 0.01 n.s 0.01 n.s -0.07 * -0.02 n.s -0.05 n.s -0.02 n.s -0.07 *
R2   0.09   0.06   0.08   0.08   0.11   0.15   0.06  
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; β = standardized beta coefficients; ref. = reference category; Note. The item 'working overtime' was dropped from the index 'challenging job tasks' in the present analysis because 'overtime' was applied as an independent variable leading to an inflated correlation.
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