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Table 3 Distribution of host-related characteristics

From: Injury severity levels and associated factors among road traffic collision victims referred to emergency departments of selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: the study based on the Haddon matrix

Variables Categories Frequency (Percentage) Injury severity status x 2
Severe Not severe
Victims type Pedestrian 144 (39.7) 52 92 0.081
Driver 39 (10.7) 43 98
vehicle occupant 141 (38.8) 20 19
Motorbike rider or Occupant 39 (10.7) 17 22
Duration of having driving license prior to accidenta ≤2 years 107 (29.5) 43 68 0.474
3 to 4 years 113 (31.1) 35 78
≥5 years 111 (30.6) 40 73
Driver violate right of way Yes 127 (35) 48 79 0.67
No 236 (65) 84 152
Driver used alcohol Yes 34 (9.4) 19 15 0.011
No 148 (40.8) 48 100
Unknown 182 (50.1) 66 116
Multiple injuries Yes 221 (60.9) 107 114 0.000
No 142 (39.1) 25 117
Driver used Seat belt (N = 39) Yes 21 (53.8) 11 10 0.232
No 18 (46.2) 6 12
Vehicle occupant used Seat belt (N = 141) Yes 17 (12.1) 6 11 0.261
NO 124 (87.9) 42 75
Motorist or occupant used helmet (N = 39) Yes 17 (43.6) 5 12 0.016
No 22 (56.4) 15 7
  1. aAbout 32 drivers either didn’t have driving license or unknown license status