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Table 2 Psychometric instruments of the MEDEA FAR-EAST study

From: The MEDEA FAR-EAST Study: Conceptual framework, methods and first findings of a multicenter cross-sectional observational study

  Affective disorders Stress and Somatic symptom burden Social support
Instrument Major Depression Inventory General Anxiety Disorder Scale INTER-HEART Stress High Symptom Somatic Scale Perceived Stress Scale Social Support Rating Scale
Abbreviation MDI GAD-7 IHS SSS-8 PSS-4 SSRS
Authors, year Bech P., Rasmussen N.A., Noerholm V., Abildgaard W. (2001) [41] Spitzer R. L., Kroenke K., Williams J.B. (2006) [42] Rosengren A. et al. (2004) [43] Narrow W. et al. (2013) Gierck B. et al. (2014) [44] Cohen S., Kamarck T Mermelstein R. (1983) [45] Shuiyuan X. (1994) [46]
Measures Depressed mood severity, major depressive disorder according to DSM-IV and ICD-10 Anxiety Stress from the workplace, at home and financial problems Somatic Symptom Burden Global measure of perceived stress Social support in Chinese patients
Domains Measures 10 (3 core; 7 accompanying) symptoms of depression 1 domain 3 domains: stress in the family, at work or due to financial problems Somatic, anxiety and depressive symptoms 2 domains 3 domains: subjective support, objective support and support usage
Items (n) 10 7 3 8 4 10
Range/score 0–50 0–21 3-12 0–32 0–16 12–66
Reference describing the use on a Chinese population Sociodemographic Correlates of Unipolar Major Depression among the Chinese Elderly in Klang Valley, Malaysia: An Epidemiological Study Verma et al. (2014) [47] Reliability and validity of a generalized anxiety disorder scale in general hospital outpatients He X. et al. (2010)* [48] Marital Status, Education, and Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Mainland China: The INTER-HEART Study Hu et al. (2012) [49] Application of Patient Health Questionnaire somatic symptom scale in the General Hospital Outpatients Qian J. et al. (2014)* [50] Three versions of Perceived Stress Scale: validation in a sample of Chinese cardiac patients who smoke Leung et al. (2010) [51] The Theoretical Basis and Research and Application of “Social Support Rating Scale” Shuiyuan X. et al. (1994)* [46]
  Locus of control Well-being Cardiac denial Resilience Personality disorders
Instrument Mental Health locus of control scale Well-Being Index The cardiac denial of impact scale Resilience Scale 5 Type D Scale-14 Framingham Type A personality scale
Abbreviation MHLC WHO-5 CDIS RS-5 DS-14 FRAS
Authors, year Wallston K.A., Wallston B.S., DeVellis R. (1978) [52] Bech P., Olsen L.R., Kjoller M., Rasmussen N.K. (2003) [53] Hackett T.P. and Cassem N.A.(1974) [54] Fowers B.J.(1992) [55] von Eis enhart Rothe A. et al. (2013) [56, 57] Denollet (2005) [58] Haynes et al. (1980) [59]
Measures Degree to which health is considered to be determined by own behaviour Well-being according to the WHO definition Impact of denial among cardiac patients Psychosocial stress resistance Negative affectivity, social inhibition, type D personality Traits, qualities in character and reaction to work or housework
Domains Self-responsibility, self-blame, powerful others Happiness, energy, motivation, interest in daily life. Denial of impact Personal competence and acceptance of self and life Negative affectivity and social inhibition 2 domains
Items (n) 12 5 8 5 14 (7 per domain) 10
Range/score 1–5 (per item) 0–100 8–40 5-35 0–28 (per domain) 0–1
Reference describing the use on a Chinese population Clinical application study on multidimensional health locus of control scales
Chen S.J., Wang W.L., Pan Q. (2014)* [60]
Reliability and validity of the World Health Organization Five-item Well-being Index for detecting depressive disorders in senior middle school students Wang Z., Bian Q. (2011)* [61] Development of type D personality scale and its reliability and validity in Chinese adolescents and children with emotion disorders. Zhang Y. et al. (2006)* [62] Short communication: Personal and organizational outcomes related to job stress and Type-A behavior: a study of Canadian and Chinese employees Jamal M. (2005) [63]
  1. * = published in Chinese language