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Table 1 Patient characteristics stratified by analgesic administration (any)

From: Influence of patient race on administration of analgesia by student paramedics

Variable All patients Analgesic No analgesic P-value
Number of patients, n (row %) 59,915 8424 (14.06) 51,491 (85.94)  
Age, median (IQR) 50 (39)    
Sex
 Male, n (col %) 29,780 (49.70) 4168 (49.51) 25,612 (49.83) 0.593
 Female, n (col %) 30,040 (50.14) 4250 (50.49) 25,790 (50.17)  
Missing, n (col %) 95 (0.16)    
Initial pain severity score, median (IQR) 7 (4)    
Ethnicity     0.000
 African American, n (col %) 6385 (10.66) 662 (11.27) 5723 (16.08)  
 Asian, n (col %) 597 (1) 68 (1.16) 529 (1.49)  
 Caucasian, n (col %) 29,281 (48.87) 4449 (75.73) 24,832 (69.79)  
 Hispanic, n (col %) 3959 (6.61) 534 (9.09) 3425 (9.79)  
 Native American, n (col %) 311 (0.52) 39 (0.66) 272 (0.76)  
 Other, n (col %) 538 (0.90) 68 (1.16) 470 (1.32)  
 Unspecified, n (col %) 385 (0.64) 55 (0.94) 330 (0.93)  
 Missing, n (col %) 18,459 (30.81)    
Pain score category     0.000
 Mild, n (col %) 8875 (14.8) 495 (10) 8380 (39.3)  
 Moderate, n (col %) 11,563 (19.3) 2282 (46.2) 9281 (43.5)  
 Severe, n (col %) 5834 (9.7) 2164 (43.8) 3670 (17.2)  
 Missing, n (col %) 33,643 (56.2)    
Age category (years)     0.000
 16–40, n (col %) 23,408 (39.07) 2972 (35.28) 20,436 (39.69)  
 41–60, n (col %) 15,646 (26.11) 2339 (27.77) 13,307 (25.84)  
 61–80, n (col %) 13,035 (21.76) 1966 (23.34) 11,069 (21.50)  
 81–100, n (col %) 7826 (13.06) 1147 (13.62) 6679 (12.97)  
Cause of injury     0.000
 Fall, n (col %) 26,009 (43.41) 4672 (64.24) 21,337 (47.91)  
 Family violence, n (col %) 1339 (2.23) 81 (1.11) 1258 (2.82)  
 Firearm, n (col %) 909 (1.52) 133 (1.83) 776 (1.74)  
 Stabbing/cutting, n (col %) 2718 (4.54) 147 (2.02) 2571 (5.77)  
 Environmental, n (col %) 273 (0.46) 33 (0.45) 240 (0.54)  
 Transport, n (col %) 17,629 (29.42) 1755 (24.13) 15,874 (35.65)  
 Toxicological, n (col %) 119 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 112 (0.25)  
 Trauma other, n (col %) 2810 (4.69) 445 (6.11) 2365 (5.31)  
 Missing, n (col %) 8109 (13.53)