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Table 3 Mean Perceived PFA Skills Confidence Scores on Respective First Aid Procedures (1 = very low, 5 = very high, N = 102)

From: Impact of a postcrash first aid educational program on knowledge, perceived skills confidence, and skills utilization among traffic police officers: a single-arm before-after intervention study

 Before trainingImmediately after trainingSix months after trainingT0-T1T0-T2
Skill items(T0) mean (SD)(T1) mean (SD)(T2) mean (SD)*p value* p value
Open airway1.53 (0.84)4.56 (0.70)3.80 (0.83)0 .0010.001
Assess breathing1.91 (1.0)4.70 (0.48)3.76 (0.94)0 .0010.001
Control external bleeding2.42 (1.37)3.95 (0.22)3.75 (0.81)0 .0010.001
Care of fractures2.54 (1.33)3.96 (0.30)3.82 (0.80)0 .0010.001
Recovery position1.85 (1.20)3.95 (0.22)3.80 (0.78)0.0010.001
Head & neck immobilization1.51 (0.91)3.87 (0.41)3.75 (1.0)0 .0010.001
  1. *P< 0.001, statistically significant at P< 0.05