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Table 5 Distribution of responses of healthcare providers to each of the 17 questions

From: Healthcare providers’ perspectives on family presence during resuscitation in the emergency departments of the Kingdom of Bahrain

Question no. Likert score 1
No. of response (%)
Likert score 2
No. of response (%)
Likert score 3
No. of response (%)
Likert score 4
No. of response (%)
Likert score 5
No. of response (%)
Likert score
Mean ± SD
Chi-square*
Code 1: Personal Beliefs
Q5. 30 (20.5%)
P: 7 (10.4%)
N: 23 (29.1%)
28 (19.2%)
P: 5 (7.5%)
N: 23 (29.1%)
35 (24.0%)
P: 19 (28.4%)
N: 16 (20.3%)
40 (27.4%)
P: 27 (40.3%)
N: 13 (16.5%)
13 (8.9%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 4 (5.1%)
2.85 ± 1.28 0.00
Q6. 15 (10.3%)
P: 4 (6.0%)
N: 11 (13.9%)
28 (19.2%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 19 (24.1%)
44 (30.1%)
P: 21 (31.3%)
N: 23 (29.1%)
49 (33.6%)
P: 26 (38.8%)
N: 23 (29.1%)
10 (6.8%)
P: 7 (10.4%)
N: 3 (3.8%)
3.07 ± 1.10 0.10
Q7. 28 (19.2%)
P: 7 (10.4%)
N: 21 (26.6%)
37 (25.3%)
P: 12 (17.9%)
N: 25 (31.6%)
26 (17.8%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 15 (19.0%)
48 (32.9%)
P: 32 (47.8%)
N: 16 (20.3%)
7 (4.8%)
P: 5 (7.5%)
N: 2 (2.5%)
2.79 ± 1.23 0.001
Q8. 25 (17.1%)
P: 3 (4.5%)
N: 22 (27.8%)
41 (28.1%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 30 (38.0%)
21 (14.4%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 10 (12.7%)
42 (28.8%)
P: 28 (41.8%)
N: 14 (17.7%)
17 (11.6%)
P: 14 (20.9%)
N: 3 (3.8%)
2.90 ± 1.31 0.00
Q13. 11 (7.5%)
P: 3 (4.5%)
N: 8 (10.1%)
33 (22.6%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 24 (30.4%)
43 (29.5%)
P: 19 (28.4%)
N: 24 (30.4%)
51 (34.9%)
P: 32 (47.8%)
N: 19 (24.1%)
8 (5.5%)
P: 4 (6.0%)
N: 4 (5.06%)
3.08 ± 1.05 0.017
Code 2: Impact on Professional Practice and Performance
Q9. 30 (20.5%)
P: 14 (20.9%)
N: 16 (20.3%)
52 (35.6%)
P: 27 (40.3%)
N: 25 (31.6%)
35 (24.0%)
P: 16 (23.9%)
N: 19 (24.1%)
23 (15.8%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 14 (17.7%)
6 (4.1%)
P: 1 (1.5%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
2.47 ± 1.11 0.516
Q11. 25 (17.1%)
P: 13 (19.4%)
N: 12 (15.2%)
84 (57.5%)
P: 38 (56.7%)
N: 46 (58.2%)
16 (11.0%)
P: 7 (10.4%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
13 (8.9%)
P: 5 (7.5%)
N: 8 (10.1%)
8 (5.5%)
P: 4 (6.0%)
N: 4 (5.1%)
3.00 ± 1.16 0.943
Q12. 45 (30.8%)
P: 17 (25.4%)
N: 28 (35.4%)
80 (54.8%)
P: 39 (58.2%)
N: 41 (51.9%)
11 (7.5%)
P: 6 (9.0%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
5 (3.4%)
P: 4 (5.1%)
N: 1 (1.3%)
5 (3.4%)
P: 1 (1.5%)
N: 4 (5.1%)
1.94 ± 0.91 0.241
Q15. 39 (26.7%)
P: 23 (34.3%)
N: 16 (20.3%)
82 (56.2%)
P: 38 (56.7%)
N: 44 (55.7%)
14 (9.6%)
P: 5 (7.5%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
6 (4.1%)
P: 1 (1.5%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
5 (4.1%)
P: 0 (0.0%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
2.01 ± 0.92 0.048
Q17. 44 (30.1%)
P: 18 (26.9%)
N: 26 (32.9%)
80 (54.8%)
P: 39 (58.2%)
N: 41 (51.9%)
14 (9.6%)
P: 8 (11.9%)
N: 6 (7.6%)
5 (3.4%)
P: 2 (3.0%)
N: 3 (3.8%)
3 (2.1%)
P: 0 (0.0%)
N: 3 (3.8%)
1.92 ± 0.85 0.402
Q18. 33 (22.6%)
P: 16 (23.9%)
N: 17 (21.5%)
80 (54.8%)
P:32 (47.8%)
N: 48 (60.8%)
17 (11.6%)
P: 8 (11.9%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
16 (11.0%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
0 (0) 2.11 ± 0.88 0.205
Q19. 31 (21.2%)
P: 16 (23.9%)
N: 15 (19.0%)
78 (53.4%)
P: 30 (44.8%)
N: 48 (60.8%)
21 (14.4%)
P: 12 (17.9%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
15 (10.3%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 6 (7.6%)
1 (0.7%)
P: 0 (0.0%)
N: 1 (1.3%)
2.16 ± 0.90 0.261
Q20. 21 (14.4%)
P: 10 (14.9%)
N: 11 (13.9%)
72 (49.3%)
P: 30 (44.8%)
N: 42 (53.2%)
35 (24.0%)
P: 14 (20.9%)
N: 21 (26.6%)
17 (11.6%)
P: 12 (17.9%)
N: 5 (6.3%)
1 (0.7%)
P: 1 (1.5%)
N: 0 (0.0%)
2.35 ± 0.89 0.172
Q22. 22 (15.1%)
P: 12 (17.9%)
N: 10 (12.7%)
68 (46.6%)
P: 32 (47.8%)
N: 36 (45.6%)
33 (22.6%)
P: 13 (19.4%)
N: 20 (25.3%)
17 (11.6%)
P: 10 (14.9%)
N: 7 (8.9%)
6 (4.1%)
P: 0 (0.0%)
N: 6 (7.6%)
2.43 ± 1.01 0.112
Code 3: Enhances Professional Satisfaction and Behavior
Q10. 18 (12.3%)
P: 4 (6.0%)
N: 14 (17.7%)
36 (24.7%)
P: 15 (22.4%)
N: 21 (6.6%)
28 (19.2%)
P: 8 (11.9%)
N: 20 (25.3%)
56 (38.4%)
P: 34 (50.7%)
N: 22 (7.8%)
8 (5.5%)
P: 6 (9.0%)
N: 2 (.5%)
3.00 ± 1.16 0.004
Q21. 14 (9.6%)
P: 2 (3.0%)
N: 12 (15.2%)
27 (18.5%)
P: 8 (11.9%)
N: 19 (24.1%)
32 (21.9%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 21 (26.6%)
57 (39.0%)
P: 36 (53.7%)
N: 21 (26.6%)
16 (11.0%)
P: 10 (14.9%)
N: 6 (7.6%)
3.23 ± 1.16 0.001
Code 4: Importance of a Support Person and Saying Goodbye
Q14. 11 (7.5%)
P: 2 (3.0%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
25 (17.1%)
P: 6 (9.0%)
N: 19 (24.1%)
24 (16.4%)
P: 11 (16.4%)
N: 13 (16.5%)
73 (50.0%)
P: 39 (58.2%)
N: 34 (43.0%)
13 (8.9%)
P: 9 (13.4%)
N: 4 (5.1%)
3.36 ± 1.10 0.013
Q16. 2 (1.4%)
P: 0 (0.0%)
N: 2 (2.5%)
10 (6.8%)
P: 3 (4.5%)
N: 7 (8.9%)
16 (11.0%)
P: 4 (6.0%)
N: 12 (15.2%)
83 (56.8%)
P: 34 (50.7%)
N: 49 (62.0%)
35 (24.0%)
P: 26 (38.8%)
N: 9 (11.4%)
3.95 ± 0.87 0.001
  1. *Significant Chi-Square test scores are in bold. P = Physician, N = Nurse