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Table 1 Demographics and clinical parameters of patients operated for PCCI

From: Factors associated with hospital outcomes of patients with penetrating craniocerebral injuries in armed conflict areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a retrospective series

Variables n (%) GOS (4–5):
n = 48 (69.6%)
GOS (1–3):
n = 21 (30.4%)
Total
n = 69
p-value
Age in years <=15 16(33%) 5(24%) 21 0.769
16–45 25(52%) 13(62%) 38  
46–70 7(15%) 3(14%) 10  
Sex: Males 36(75%) 16(76%) 52 0.586
Females 12(25%) 5(24%) 17  
Category: Civilian 60(95%) 18(86%) 63 0.375
Military 3(5%) 3(14%) 6  
Injury mechanism: Gunshot 20(42%) 9(43%) 29 0.927
Others 28(58%) 12(57%) 40  
Time injury-admission: < 24 h 24(50%) 13(62%) 37 0.362
> 24 h 24(50%) 8(38%) 32  
Time injury-surgery: < 24 h 21(44%) 11(52%) 32 0.508
> 24 h 27(46%) 10(48%) 37  
Time admission-surgery: < 24 h 39(81%) 18(86%) 57 0.471
> 24 h 9(19%) 3(14%) 12  
Hemodynamic instability Stable 34(71%) 7(33%) 41 0.004
Unstable 14(29%) 14(67%) 28
Admission GCS: > 13 37(77%) 7(33%) 44 0.001
< 13 11(23%) 14(67%) 25
Neurological deficit: Yes 12(25%) 19(90%) 31 < 0.001
No 36(75%) 2(10%) 38
Hemiplegia: Yes 2(4%) 14(67%) 16 < 0.001
No 46(96%) 7(33%) 53
Types of PCCI: Dural tear detected 22(46%) 4(19%) 26 0.030
Tangential 26(54%) 17(81%) 43
Location of the PCCI: Unilobar 30(63%) 9(75%) 39 0.130
Bi or multilobar 18(37%) 12(25%) 30
Unihemispheric 44(92%) 20(95%) 64 0.516
Bi hemispheric and posterior fossa 4(8%) 1(5%) 5
Intracranial bleeding: Yes 2(4%) 6(29%) 8 0.008
No 46(96%) 15(71%) 61
Depressed skull fractures: Yes 14(29%) 3(14%) 17 0.155
No 34(71%) 18(86%) 52
Associated lesions: Present 22(46%) 9(43%) 31 0.819
Absent 26(54%) 12(57%) 38