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Table 4 Characteristics of patients with cancer based on the main reasons for the ED visit in 2018. A) Number of ED visits per patient based on the reason for the ED visit B) The distribution of demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with cancer based on the main reasons for the ED visit, C) Number of deaths following last ED presentation

From: Main reasons and predictive factors of cancer-related emergency department visits in a Hungarian tertiary care center

Frequency of ED visits
(p = 0.000)
Cancer-related ED visit
n = 330
Oncological care -related ED visit
n = 54
New cancer diagnosis -related ED visit
n = 115
Non-cancer related ED visit
n = 913
Undetermined ED visit
n = 100
Total number of patients with cancer visiting the ED
N = 1512
 1x 160 (48.5%) 40 (74.1%) 102 (88.7%) 659 (72.2%) 63 (63.0%) 1024 (67.7%)
 2-3x 132 (40.0%) 14 (25.9%) 11 (9.6%) 216 (23.6%) 33 (33.0%) 406 (26.8%)
  ≥ 4x 38 (11.5%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.7%) 38 (4.2%) 4 (4.0%) 82 (5.5%)
  Cancer-related ED visit
n = 552
Oncological care -related ED visit
n = 85
New cancer diagnosis -related ED visit
n = 189
Non-cancer related ED visit
n = 1381
Undetermined ED visit
n = 176
Total number of ED visits by patients with cancer
N = 2383
Sex (p = 0.038)
 Male 267 (48.4%) 41 (48.2%) 110 (58.2%) 654 (47.4%) 96 (54.5%) 1168 (49.0%)
 Female 285 (51.6%) 44 (51.8%) 79 (41.8%) 727 (52.6%) 80 (45.5%) 1215 (51.0%)
Age (years) (p = 0.000)
  ≤ 65 253 (45.8%) 45 (52.9%) 78 (41.3%) 475 (34.4%) 55 (31.3%) 906 (38.0%)
  > 65 299 (54.2%) 40 (47.1%) 111 (58.7%) 906 (65.6%) 121 (68.8%) 1477 (62.0%)
Admission to ED during business hours (p = 0.311)
 Yes 219 (39.7%) 31 (36.5%) 88 (46.6%) 597 (43.2%) 72 (40.9%) 1007 (42.3%)
 No 333 (60.3%) 54 (63.5%) 101 (53.4%) 784 (56.8%) 104 (59.1%) 1376 (57.7%)
Number of comorbidities (p = 0.000)
 0 100 (18.1%) 17 (20.0%) 46 (24.3%) 181 (13.1%) 25 (14.2%) 369 (15.5%)
 1 130 (23.6%) 23 (27.1%) 47 (24.9%) 279 (20.2%) 37 (21.0%) 516 (21.7%)
  ≥ 2 322 (58.3%) 45 (52.9%) 96 (50.8%) 921 (66.7%) 114 (64.8%) 1498 (62.9%)
Days since previous oncological care
(p = 0.000)
  < 30 days 165 (35.6%) 65 (78.3%) 1 (4.2%) 146 (12.4%) 49 (36.8%) 426 (22.6%)
  ≥ 30 days 299 (64.4%) 18 (21.7%) 23 (95.8%) 1031 (87.6%) 84 (63.2%) 1455 (77.4%)
Triage category (MSTR*) (p = 0.000)
 5 98 (18.2%) 16 (19.8%) 65 (34.6%) 414 (30.8%) 41 (24.1%) 634 (27.3%)
 4 224 (41.7%) 46 (56.8%) 79 (42.0%) 597 (44.4%) 82 (48.2%) 1028 (44.3%)
 3 198 (36.9%) 18 (22.2%) 41 (21.8%) 319 (23.7%) 37 (21.8%) 613 (26.4%)
 2 11 (2.0%) 1 (1.2%) 3 (1.6%) 11 (0.8%) 4 (2.4%) 30 (1.3%)
 1 6 (1.1%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 5 (0.4%) 6 (3.5%) 17 (0.7%)
Destination from ED (p = 0.000)
 Discharge 228 (41.3%) 39 (45.9%) 74 (39.2%) 957 (69.3%) 86 (48.9%) 1384 (58.1%)
 Hospitalization 323 (58.5%) 45 (52.9%) 115 (60.8%) 416 (30.1%) 84 (47.7%) 983 (41.3%)
 DAMA** 1 (0.2%) 1 (1.2%) 0 (0.0%) 8 (0.6%) 6 (3.4%) 16 (0.7%)
Death after last ED visit
(p = 0.000)
Cancer-related ED visit
n = 330
Oncological care-related ED visit
n = 54
New cancer diagnosis-related ED visit
n = 115
Non-cancer related ED visit
n = 913
Undetermined ED visit
n = 100
Total number of patients with cancer visiting the ED
N = 1512
  < 30 days 154 (46.7%) 9 (16.7%) 20 (17.4%) 47 (5.1%) 22 (22.0%) 252 (16.7%)
  ≥ 30 days 68 (20.6%) 8 (14.8%) 34 (29.6%) 132 (14.5%) 23 (23.0%) 265 (17.5%)
 None 108 (32.7%) 37 (68.5%) 61 (53.0%) 734 (80.4%) 55 (55.0%) 995 (65.8%)
  1. *MSTR Hungarian Emergency Triage System
  2. **DAMA Discharged against medical advice