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  1. Tobacco use counseling interventions delivered in the primary care setting are efficacious, but limited evidence exists regarding their feasibility or efficacy in the Emergency Department (ED). ED randomized c...

    Authors: Nicola EE Schiebel and Jon O Ebbert
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:15
  2. Sustained hyperglycemia is a known risk factor for adverse outcomes in critically ill patients. The specific aim was to determine if a nurse initiated insulin infusion protocol (IIP) was effective in maintaini...

    Authors: Melissa M Barth, Lance J Oyen, Karen T Warfield, Jennifer L Elmer, Laura K Evenson, Ann N Tescher, Philip J Kuper, Michael P Bannon, Ognjen Gajic and J Christopher Farmer
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:14
  3. There are few outcomes experienced by children receiving care in the Emergency Department (ED) that are amenable to measuring for the purposes of assessing of quality of care. The purpose of this study was to ...

    Authors: Madan Dharmar, James P Marcin, Nathan Kuppermann, Emily R Andrada, Stacey Cole, Danielle J Harvey and Patrick S Romano
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:13
  4. Recently completed clinical trials have shown that certain interventions improve the outcome of the critically ill. To facilitate the implementation of these interventions, professional organizations have deve...

    Authors: Bekele Afessa, Ognjen Gajic, Mark T Keegan, Edward G Seferian, Rolf D Hubmayr and Steve G Peters
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:10
  5. The acute abdomen is a frequent entity at the Emergency Department (ED), which usually needs rapid and accurate diagnostic work-up. Diagnostic work-up with imaging can consist of plain X-ray, ultrasonography (...

    Authors: Wytze Laméris, Adrienne van Randen, Marcel GW Dijkgraaf, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Jaap Stoker and Marja A Boermeester
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:9
  6. Unsafe abortion is a major public health problem in low-and-middle income countries. Young and unmarried women constitute a high risk group for unsafe abortions. It has been estimated that widespread use of em...

    Authors: Eugene J Kongnyuy, Pius Ngassa, Nelson Fomulu, Charles Shey Wiysonge, Luc Kouam and Anderson S Doh
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:7
  7. Dyspnea is a common chief complaint in the emergency department (ED); differentiating heart failure (HF) from other causes can be challenging. Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) is a new diagnostic test for HF fo...

    Authors: Deborah Korenstein, Juan P Wisnivesky, Peter Wyer, Rhodes Adler, Diego Ponieman and Thomas McGinn
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:6
  8. Patient satisfaction is of growing importance to providers of emergency medical services (EMS). Prior reports of patient satisfaction have frequently used resource-intensive telephone follow-up to assess satis...

    Authors: Aaron W Bernard, Christopher J Lindsell, Daniel A Handel, Lindsey Collett, Paul Gallo, Kevin D Kaiser and Donald Locasto
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:5
  9. Cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA) is a rare event in childhood. Our objective was to determine the characteristics of paediatric CRA and the immediate results of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Galicia, a ...

    Authors: Pilar Blanco-Ons Fernández, Luis Sánchez-Santos, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, José Antonio Iglesias-Vázquez, María Cegarra-García and Maria Victoria Barreiro-Díaz
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:3
  10. The case fatality for intentional self-poisoning in rural Asia is 10–30 times higher than in the West, mostly due to the use of highly toxic poisons. Activated charcoal is a widely available intervention that ...

    Authors: Michael Eddleston, Edmund Juszczak, Nick A Buckley, Lalith Senarathna, Fahim Mohammed, Stuart Allen, Wasantha Dissanayake, Ariyasena Hittarage, Shifa Azher, K Jeganathan, Shaluka Jayamanne, MH Rezvi Sheriff and David A Warrell
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:2
  11. The epidemiology of acute pancreatitis in the United States is largely unknown, particularly episodes that lead to an emergency department (ED) visit. We sought to address this gap and describe ED practice pat...

    Authors: Peter J Fagenholz, Carlos Fernández-del Castillo, N Stuart Harris, Andrea J Pelletier and Carlos A Camargo Jr
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2007 7:1
  12. Since previous studies suggest the emergency department (ED) misdiagnosis rate of heart failure is 10–20% we sought to describe the characteristics of ED patients misdiagnosed as non-decompensated heart failur...

    Authors: Sean P Collins, Christopher J Lindsell, W Frank Peacock, Daniel C Eckert, Jeff Askew and Alan B Storrow
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:11
  13. Organophosphorus (OP) pesticide poisoning is the most common form of pesticide poisoning in many Asian countries. Guidelines in western countries for management of poisoning indicate that gastric lavage should...

    Authors: Yi Li, XueZhong Yu, Zhong Wang, HouLi Wang, XiangHuai Zhao, YuPing Cao, WeiZhan Wang and Michael Eddleston
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:10
  14. A non-invasive surrogate measurement for central venous oxygen saturation (ScVO2) would be useful in the ED for assessing therapeutic interventions in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that either linea...

    Authors: Alan E Jones, Karl Kuehne, Michael Steuerwald and Jeffrey A Kline
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:9
  15. Refusal by the patient to travel after calling an emergency ambulance may lead to a preventable waste of scarce resources if it can be shown that an alternative more appropriate response could be employed. A g...

    Authors: Deborah Shaw, Jane V Dyas, Jo Middlemass, Anne Spaight, Maureen Briggs, Sarah Christopher and A Niroshan Siriwardena
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:8
  16. Endotracheal Tubes (ETTs) are commonly secured using adhesive tape, cloth tape, or commercial devices. The objectives of the study were (1) To compare degrees of movement of ETTs secured with 6 different comme...

    Authors: Paris B Lovett, Alexander Flaxman, Kai M Stürmann and Polly Bijur
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:7
  17. Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the Emergency Department (ED), but the cost of ED chest pain patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the direct hospital costs for unselect...

    Authors: Jakob L Forberg, Louise S Henriksen, Lars Edenbrandt and Ulf Ekelund
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:6
  18. Methylene bis(thiocyanate) (MBT) is a microbiocidal agent mainly used in industrial water cooling systems and paper mills as an inhibitor of algae, fungi, and bacteria.

    Authors: Claude Braun, Rainer Birck, Manfred V Singer, Peter Schnuelle, Fokko J van der Woude and Matthias Löhr
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:5
  19. Acute ankle injuries are one of the most common reasons for presenting to emergency departments, but only a small percentage of patients – approximately 15% – have clinically significant fractures. However, th...

    Authors: Shahram Yazdani, Hesam Jahandideh and Hossein Ghofrani
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:3
  20. High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) was introduced in our institution in June 2003. Since then, there has been no protocol to guide the use of HFOV, and all decisions regarding ventilation strategies...

    Authors: Javier D Finkielman, Ognjen Gajic, J Christopher Farmer, Bekele Afessa and Rolf D Hubmayr
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:2
  21. Patients with traumatic brain injuries and raised intracranial pressure (ICP) display biphasic response with faster gastric emptying during the early stage followed by a prolonged gastric transit time later. W...

    Authors: Joerg Schnoor, Norbert Zoremba, Marcus C Korinth, Bjoern Kochs, Jiri Silny and Rolf Rossaint
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2006 6:1
  22. Flecainide is an antiarrhythmic agent which is being used increasingly for the management of super-ventricular arrhythmias. Overdose with flecainide is frequently fatal with mortality reported as high as 22% d...

    Authors: Jonathan Timperley, Andrew RJ Mitchell, Peter D Brown and Nicholas EJ West
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:10
  23. Ankle pain and swelling following sports injuries are common presenting complaints to the accident and emergency department. Frequently these are diagnosed as musculoskeletal injuries, even when no definitive ...

    Authors: Conor D Marron, Damian McKay, Ruth Johnston, Eamon McAteer and WJ Ivan Stirling
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:9
  24. An important factor contributing to the high mortality in patients with severe head trauma is cerebral hypoxia. The mechanical ventilation helps both by reduction in the intracranial pressure and hypoxia. Vent...

    Authors: Chintamani, Jotinder Khanna, JP Singh, Pranjal Kulshreshtha, Pawan Kalra, Binita Priyambada, RS Mohil and Dinesh Bhatnagar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:8
  25. Meta-analysis of two randomised controlled trials in severe sepsis performed with recombinant human activated protein C may provide further insight as to the therapeutic utility of targeting the clotting casca...

    Authors: Christian J Wiedermann and Nicole C Kaneider
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:7
  26. The chest pain unit (CPU) provides rapid diagnostic assessment for patients with acute, undifferentiated chest pain, using a combination of electrocardiographic (ECG) recording, biochemical markers and provoca...

    Authors: Steve Goodacre, Thomas Locker, Jane Arnold, Karen Angelini and Francis Morris
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:6
  27. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common antidepressants used in first-world countries and are generally well tolerated. Specifically, less cardiovascular toxicity has been reported ...

    Authors: Rudolf A de Boer, Tonnis H van Dijk, Nicole D Holman and Joost P van Melle
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:5
  28. In order to identify relevant targets for change, it is essential to know the reliability of incident staff reporting. The aim of this study is to compare the incidence and type of unintended events (UE) repor...

    Authors: Maurizia Capuzzo, Imad Nawfal, Matilde Campi, Vanna Valpondi, Marco Verri and Raffaele Alvisi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:3
  29. We previously demonstrated that a computerized psychiatric screening interview (the PRIME-MD) can be used in the Emergency Department (ED) waiting room to identify patients with mental illness. In that trial, ...

    Authors: David L Schriger, Patrick S Gibbons, Wais A Nezami and Carol A Langone
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:2
  30. Over recent years increased emphasis has been given to performance monitoring of NHS hospitals, including overall number of hospital readmissions, which however are often sub-optimally adjusted for case-mix. W...

    Authors: Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Daniel Havely, Islay Gemmell and Gary A Cook
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2005 5:1
  31. There is great variation in the Accident and Emergency workload and location of Urology services in UK hospitals. This study investigated the relationship of the initial management of acute renal colic with th...

    Authors: Tunji A Lasoye, Philip M Sedgwick, Nilay Patel, Chas Skinner and Nadeem Nayeem
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2004 4:5
  32. Low and high body mass index (BMI) have been recently shown to be associated with increased and decreased mortality after ICU admission, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of...

    Authors: Javier D Finkielman, Ognjen Gajic and Bekele Afessa
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2004 4:3
  33. Reliability of cardiac troponin-I assays under real-time conditions has not been previously well studied. Most large published cTnI trials have utilized protocols which required the freezing of serum (or plasm...

    Authors: Robert H Baevsky, Rajesh K Kapur and Howard A Smithline
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2004 4:2
  34. Disaster-related mortality is a growing public health concern in the African Region. These deaths are hypothesized to have a significantly negative effect on per capita gross domestic product (GDP). The object...

    Authors: Joses M Kirigia, Luis G Sambo, William Aldis and Germano M Mwabu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2004 4:1
  35. Bilateral extradural hematomas have only rarely been reported in the literature. Even rarer are cases where the hematomas develop sequentially, one after removal of the other. Among 187 cases of operated epidu...

    Authors: Behzad Eftekhar, Ebrahim Ketabchi, Mohammad Ghodsi and Babak Esmaeeli
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2003 3:1
  36. It is widely considered that improved diagnostics in suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are needed. To help clarify the current situation and the improvement potential, we analyzed characteristics, dispos...

    Authors: Ulf Ekelund, Hans-Jörgen Nilsson, Attila Frigyesi and Ole Torffvit
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2002 2:1
  37. About two thirds of adults suffer from backpain at some time during their life. In the emergency room many patients with acute back pain are treated with intravenous non-steroidal analgesics. Whether this trea...

    Authors: Christof Havel, Anna Sieder, Harald Herkner, Hans Domanovits, Mascha Schmied, Rudolf Segel, Maria Koreny, Anton N Laggner and Marcus Müllner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2001 1:2

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