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  1. The emergency medical services (EMS) have undergone dramatic changes during the past few decades. Increased utilisation, changes in care-seeking behaviour and competence among EMS clinicians have given rise to...

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara, Gabriella Norberg-Boysen, Wivica Kauppi, Johan Herlitz, Christer Axelsson, Niclas Packendorff, Glenn Larsson and Kristoffer Wibring
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:89
  2. Overcrowding in emergency departments (ED) is a critical problem worldwide, and streaming can alleviate crowding to improve patient flows. Among triage scales, patients labeled as “triage level 3” or “urgent” ...

    Authors: Yu-Hsin Chang, Hong-Mo Shih, Jia-En Wu, Fen-Wei Huang, Wei-Kung Chen, Dar-Min Chen, Yu-Ting Chung and Charles C. N. Wang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:88
  3. Septic shock (SS) hyperdynamic phase is characterized by tachycardia and low-blood pressure reflecting the relative hypovolemia. Shock index (SI), the ratio between heart rate and systolic blood pressure, is a...

    Authors: Romain Jouffroy, Basile Gilbert, Léa Thomas, Emmanuel Bloch-Laine, Patrick Ecollan, Josiane Boularan, Vincent Bounes, Benoit Vivien and Papa-Ngalgou Gueye
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:87
  4. Owing to societal ageing, the number of older individuals visiting emergency departments (EDs) has increased in recent years. For this patient population, accurate triage systems are required. This retrospecti...

    Authors: Cheng-Yu Chien, Chung-Hsien Chaou, Chung-Cheng Yeh, Kuang-Hung Hsu, Shi-Ying Gao and Chip-Jin Ng
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:86
  5. The city of Freiburg has been among the most affected regions by the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. In out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) care, all parts of the rescue system were exposed to profound infrast...

    Authors: Domagoj Damjanovic, Jan-Steffen Pooth, Rebecca Steger, Martin Boeker, Michael Steger, Julian Ganter, Tobias Hack, Klemens Baldas, Paul Marc Biever, Daniel Schmitz, Hans-Jörg Busch, Michael Patrick Müller, Georg Trummer and Bonaventura Schmid
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:85
  6. The association between spontaneous initial body temperature on hospital arrival and neurological outcomes has not been sufficiently studied in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

    Authors: Satoshi Yoshimura, Takeyuki Kiguchi, Taro Irisawa, Tomoki Yamada, Kazuhisa Yoshiya, Changhwi Park, Tetsuro Nishimura, Takuya Ishibe, Yoshiki Yagi, Masafumi Kishimoto, Sung-Ho Kim, Yasuyuki Hayashi, Taku Sogabe, Takaya Morooka, Haruko Sakamoto, Keitaro Suzuki…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:84
  7. Non-technical skills (NTS) are important for the proper functioning of emergency medical ambulance crews but have hardly been researched in the conditions of clinical pre-hospital care.

    Authors: David Peran, Roman Sykora, Jana Vidunova, Ivana Krsova, Jaroslav Pekara, Metodej Renza, Nikola Brizgalova and Patrik Ch. Cmorej
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:83
  8. The resuscitation guidelines provided for the COVID-19 pandemic strongly recommended wearing personal protective equipment. The current study aimed to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of chest compressio...

    Authors: Bálint Bánfai, János Musch, József Betlehem, Emese Sánta, Balázs Horváth, Dániel Németh and Henrietta Bánfai-Csonka
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:82
  9. The number of ambulance assignments and the influx of patients to the emergency departments (EDs) in Sweden have increased in recent years. This is one reason the protocol for prehospital emergency care was de...

    Authors: Helena Johansson, Kristin Lundgren and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:79
  10. Workplace violence by patients and bystanders against health care workers, is a major problem, for workers, organizations, patients, and society. It is estimated to affect up to 95% of health care workers. Eme...

    Authors: Evelien Spelten, Julia van Vuuren, Peter O’Meara, Brodie Thomas, Mathieu Grenier, Richard Ferron, Jennie Helmer and Gina Agarwal
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:78
  11. The sign of contrast agent pooling (C.A.P.) in dependent part of the venous system were reported in some case reports, which happened in the patients before sudden cardiac arrest. Until now, there is no solid ...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Lee, Jiashan Chen, Po-An Chen, Jen-Tang Sun, Bo-Hwi Kang, Sheng-En Chu, Chieh-Min Fan, Kuang-Chau Tsai and Shyh-Shyong Sim
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:77
  12. The 2020 American Heart Association guidelines recommend the use of a feedback device during chest compressions (CCs). However, these devices are only placed visually by medical personnel on the lower half of ...

    Authors: Yasuaki Koyama, Tasuku Matsuyama, Takako Kaino, Tetsuya Hoshino, Junzo Nakao, Nobutake Shimojo and Yoshiaki Inoue
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:76
  13. We conducted a systematic review of studies published in peer-reviewed journals on HIV screening programs conducted in pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) in the United States (US) with the objective of des...

    Authors: Lynn Bi, Rachel E. Solnick and Roland C. Merchant
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:75
  14. Calls for emergency medical assistance at the scene of a motor vehicle crash (MVC) substantially contribute to the demand on ambulance services. Triage by emergency medical dispatch systems is therefore import...

    Authors: Ellen Ceklic, Hideo Tohira, Stephen Ball, Elizabeth Brown, Deon Brink, Paul Bailey, Rudolph Brits and Judith Finn
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:74
  15. Spinal cord injury (SCI) and spinal fracture are major complications in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who sustain spinal trauma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, predicto...

    Authors: Po-Hsun Tu, Zhuo-Hao Liu, Mun-Chun Yeap, Yu-Tse Liu, Ying-Ching Li, Yin-Cheng Huang, Tzu-Min Lin and Ching-Chang Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:73
  16. Emergency departments (EDs) are operating at or above capacity, which has negative consequences on patients in terms of quality of care and morbi-mortality. Redirection strategies for low-acuity ED patients to...

    Authors: Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens, Judy Morris, Martin Marquis, Raoul Daoust, Alexis Cournoyer, Justine Lessard, Simon Berthelot and Alexandre Messier
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:71
  17. Pressure on emergency departments (EDs) from increased attendance for minor injuries has been recognised in the United Kingdom. Radiographer-led discharge (RLD) has potential for improving efficiency, through ...

    Authors: Jenny Shepherd, Ilianna Lourida and Robert M. Meertens
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:70

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:175

  18. Low back pain is a common emergency department (ED) complaint that does not always necessitate imaging. Unnecessary imaging drives medical overuse with potential to harm patients. Quality improvement (QI) inte...

    Authors: Joshua Sapadin, Linelle Campbell, Komal Bajaj and Joshua B. Moskovitz
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:69
  19. The algorithm and protocol of the #7119 telephone triage in Tokyo, Japan, had been originally established and consists of three steps. In this study, we investigated the outcome of patients treated with physio...

    Authors: Atsushi Sakurai, Sachiko Ohta, Jun Oda, Takashi Muguruma, Takeru Abe and Naoto Morimura
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:66
  20. Patient-reported experience measures aim to capture the patient’s perspective of what happened during a care encounter and how it happened. However, due to a lack of guidance to support patient-reported experi...

    Authors: Claudia Bull, Julia Crilly, Sharon Latimer and Brigid M. Gillespie
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:65
  21. Advanced prehospital airway management includes complex procedures carried out in challenging environments, necessitating a high level of technical and non-technical skills. We aimed to describe Norwegian Air ...

    Authors: Åke Erling L. Andresen, Jo Kramer-Johansen and Thomas Kristiansen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:64
  22. The use of intravenous opioids in the traumatic pain in pre-hospital care in the Czech Republic is based primarily on the indication of a physician. If the paramedic crew arrives at the site earlier or only on...

    Authors: Metodej Renza, Roman Sykora, David Peran, Kristina Hricova, Nikola Brizgalova, Petra Bakurova and Miloš Kukacka
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:63
  23. Opioid-related overdoses cause substantial numbers of preventable deaths. Naloxone is an opioid antagonist available in take-home naloxone (THN) kits as a lifesaving measure for opioid overdose. As the emergen...

    Authors: Katherine L. Potaka, Rebecca Freeman, Danny Soo, Nam-Anh Nguyen, Tin Fei Sim and Joanna C. Moullin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:62
  24. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, a lockdown was imposed on the Danish society. Reports from other countries that were hit by the COVID-19 pandemic before Denmark instilled fear of flooding of th...

    Authors: Jennifer Rosenkjær Eskol, Floor Dijkstra Zegers, Daniel Wittrock, Annmarie Touborg Lassen and Søren Mikkelsen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:61
  25. The unprecedented influx of Rohingya refugees into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, in 2017 led to a humanitarian emergency requiring large numbers of humanitarian workers to be deployed to the region. The World Healt...

    Authors: Claire Blackmore, Egmond Samir Evers, S. M. Asif Sazed, Amrish Baidjoe, Victor Del Rio Vilas, Art Pesigan and Roderico Ofrin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:60
  26. Workplace violence against health care workers is an emerging concern in various global health settings and the documentation of physical and verbal attacks against physicians in tertiary hospitals in Saudi Ar...

    Authors: Yasser H. Alnofaiey, Fahad M. Alnfeeiye, Osama M. Alotaibi, Anas A. Aloufi, Saud F. Althobaiti and Abdulmajeed G. Aljuaid
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:59
  27. Swedish Emergency Departments (EDs) see 2.6 million visits annually. Sweden has a strong tradition of health care databases, but information on patients’ pathways to the ED is not documented in any registry.

    Authors: Joakim Henricson, Ulf Ekelund, Jens Hartman, Bruno Ziegler, Lisa Kurland and Daniel Björk Wilhelms
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:58
  28. Following the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, reports emerged on decreasing emergency department (ED) visits in many countries. Patients experiencing chest pain was no exception. The aim of the curren...

    Authors: Mikkel Grande, Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Lars Eide Næss-Pleym, Lars Erik Laugsand and Bjørnar Grenne
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:57
  29. Bicycles and motorcycles are a main means of transportation and leisure for individuals aged under 20 years in South Korea. We aimed to identify the epidemiology of injuries and describe and compare patterns o...

    Authors: Hyeokmin Yun, Sung Jin Bae, Jung Il Lee and Duk Hee Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:56
  30. Computed tomography (CT) is often performed to assess patients; however, little is known about how airway size measured by CT scan imaging might influence the occurrence of post-extubation upper airway obstruc...

    Authors: Mafumi Shinohara, Masayuki Iwashita, Takeru Abe and Ichiro Takeuchi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:55
  31. During the initial Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic wave, sparse personal protection equipment made telephone triage of suscpeted COVID-19 patients for ambulance transport necessary. To spare resou...

    Authors: Julie Kjerulff, Allan Bach, Ulla Væggemose, Søren Helbo Skaarup and Morten Thingemann Bøtker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:54
  32. Resuscitation guidance has advanced; however, the predictive performance of the termination of resuscitation (TOR) rule has not been validated for different resuscitation protocols published by the American He...

    Authors: Yu-Yuan Lin, Yin-Yu Lai, Hung-Chieh Chang, Chien-Hsin Lu, Po-Wei Chiu, Yuh-Shin Kuo, Shao-Peng Huang, Ying-Hsin Chang and Chih-Hao Lin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:53
  33. Most emergency departments rely on acuity assessment, triage, to recognize critically ill patients that need urgent treatment, and to allocate resources according to need. The accuracy of commonly used triage ...

    Authors: Kirsi Kemp, Janne Alakare, Minna Kätkä, Mitja Lääperi, Lasse Lehtonen and Maaret Castrén
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:52
  34. The number of traffic fatalities is declining in Japan; however, a large proportion of head injuries are still attributable to traffic accidents. Severe head trauma may cause progressive and devastating coagul...

    Authors: Masahiro Asami, Shinji Nakahara, Yasufumi Miyake, Jun Kanda, Takahiro Onuki, Akira Matsuno and Tetsuya Sakamoto
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:51
  35. Pain relief for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) can improve treatment outcomes and reduce the burden on doctors and nurses. This study aims to report the clinical analgesic and sedative effects of na...

    Authors: Kaiqiang Ji, Xiaoying Gong, Ting Luan, Xiaopeng Gao and Bin Zang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:50
  36. Electrolyte disorders are common in the emergency department. Hyponatremia is known to be associated with adverse outcome in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pul...

    Authors: Gregor Lindner, Stefano Herschmann, Georg-Christian Funk, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Rebecca Gygli and Svenja Ravioli
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:49
  37. Workplace violence is a regular feature of emergency departments (ED) and reported to be increasing in frequency and severity. There is a paucity of data from regional EDs in Australia. The aim of this study w...

    Authors: Brodie Thomas, Peter O’Meara, Kristina Edvardsson, Damhnat McCann and Evelien Spelten
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:48
  38. The presence of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) alone, regardless of patient condition, is an indication for CT imaging in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Currently, no specific clinical dec...

    Authors: Gianni Turcato, Alessandro Cipriano, Naria Park, Arian Zaboli, Giorgio Ricci, Alessandro Riccardi, Greta Barbieri, Sara Gianpaoli, Grazia Guiddo, Massimo Santini, Norbert Pfeifer, Antonio Bonora, Ciro Paolillo, Roberto Lerza and Lorenzo Ghiadoni
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:47
  39. In the medical management of acute myocardial infarction, the transport of patients and primary care provided by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics are effective in reducing the mortality and ...

    Authors: Hjatolah Najafi, Ehsan Bahramali, Mostafa Bijani, Azizallah Dehghan, Mehdi Amirkhani and Maryam Balaghi inaloo
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:46

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:72

  40. Recent studies have shown that reducing pre-hospital time could improve the outcomes of trauma victims. Due to the importance of pre-hospital time management, this study aims to determine the effects of the Pr...

    Authors: Mohammad Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Morteza Rostamian, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Fahimeh Barghi Shirazi and Marzieh Mogharab
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:45
  41. Efficient communication between (helicopter) emergency medical services ((H)EMS) and healthcare professionals in the emergency department (ED) is essential to facilitate appropriate team mobilization and prepa...

    Authors: Michelle Maris, Sivera A. A. Berben, Wouter Verhoef, Pierre van Grunsven and Edward C. T. H. Tan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:44
  42. The armed conflict in the Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo has caused close to 12,000 deaths. One of the most lethal weapons in armed conflicts is the high explosive hand grenade. The study ai...

    Authors: Paul Munguakonkwa Budema, Romeo Bujiriri Murhega, Tshibambe Nathanael Tshimbombu, Georges Kuyigwa Toha, Fabrice Gulimwentuga Cikomola, Paterne Safari Mudekereza, Léon-Emmanuel Mubenga, Ghislain Maheshe Balemba, Darck Cubaka Badesire and Ulrick Sidney Kanmounye
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:43
  43. In Iran, the emergency departments (EDs) have largely adopted the emergency severity index (ESI) to prioritize the emergency patients, however emergency medical services (EMS) mainly triage the patients based ...

    Authors: Peyman Saberian, Atefeh Abdollahi, Parisa Hasani-Sharamin, Maryam Modaber and Ehsan Karimialavijeh
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:42
  44. An effective emergency medical dispatch process is vital to provide appropriate prehospital care to patients. It increases patient safety and ensures the sustainable use of medical resources. Although Copenhag...

    Authors: Sterre Otten, Cassandra Rehbock, Thomas Krafft, Martin Vang Haugaard, Eva Pilot, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg and Helle Collatz Christensen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:41
  45. Delivery of major trauma care is complex and often fast paced. Clear and comprehensive documentation is paramount to support effective communication during complex clinical care episodes, and to allow collecti...

    Authors: Joanna Butler, Evan Wright, Lucy Longbottom, Alan S. Whitelaw, Kevin Thomson, Malcolm W. G. Gordon and David J. Lowe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:39

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