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  1. Content type: Research article

    To determine the extent to which 30- and 90-day hospital readmission and mortality rates differ as a function of whether a chest pain patient is placed in observation status or admitted to the hospital for a s...

    Authors: Brad Wright, Amy M. J. O’Shea, Justin M. Glasgow, Padmaja Ayyagari and Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:38

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Dizziness is a common chief complaint of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). Physicians must quickly and accurately identify patients whose etiology is most likely ischemia. Additional tools ...

    Authors: Karen Chen, Andrea L. C. Schneider, Rafael H. Llinas and Elisabeth B. Marsh

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:37

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Elder abuse and neglect are highly under-reported in the United States. This may be partially attributed to low incidence of reporting among emergency medical technicians’ (EMTs), despite state-mandated report...

    Authors: Jennifer M. Reingle Gonzalez, M. Brad Cannell, Katelyn K. Jetelina and Sepeadeh Radpour

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:36

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Improved ability to rapidly rule-out Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in patients presenting with chest pain will promote decongestion of the Emergency Department (ED) and reduce unnecessary hospital admissio...

    Authors: Joanna M. Young, John W. Pickering, Peter M. George, Sally J. Aldous, John Wallace, Chris M. Frampton, Richard W. Troughton, Mark A. Richards, Jaimi H. Greenslade, Louise Cullen and Martin P. Than

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:34

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Diagnostic error and delay are critical impediments to the safety of critically ill patients. Checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury (CERTAIN) has been developed as a tool th...

    Authors: Namita Jayaprakash, Rashid Ali, Rahul Kashyap, Courtney Bennett, Alexander Kogan and Ognjen Gajic

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:35

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous syndrome with a broad range of outcome. We developed a simple model for long-term outcome prognostication after severe TBI.

    Authors: Sandro Rizoli, Ashley Petersen, Eileen Bulger, Raul Coimbra, Jeffrey D. Kerby, Joseph Minei, Laurie Morrison, Avery Nathens, Martin Schreiber and Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:32

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Psychological distress in medical patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) is not well studied. Our aim was to investigate the extent of psychological distress in a broad and unselected medical patie...

    Authors: Lukas Faessler, Alexander Kutz, Sebastian Haubitz, Beat Mueller, Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello and Philipp Schuetz

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:33

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis is an often-fatal syndrome resulting from severe infection. Rapid identification and treatment are critical for septic patients. We therefore developed a probabilistic model to identify septic patients ...

    Authors: Samuel M. Brown, Jason Jones, Kathryn Gibb Kuttler, Roger K. Keddington, Todd L. Allen and Peter Haug

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:31

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD) have significantly increased emergency department (ED) use compared to the general population. In Saudi Arabia, health care is free for all individuals and the...

    Authors: Anwar E. Ahmed, Ahmed S. Alaskar, Donna K. McClish, Yosra Z. Ali, Mohammed H. Aldughither, Ahmad M. Al-Suliman and Hafiz M. Malhan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:30

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Bleeding represents the most well-known and the most feared complications caused by the use of antithrombotic agents. There is, however, limited documentation whether pre-injury use of antithrombotic agents af...

    Authors: Sigrid Narum, Odd Brørs, Olav Stokland and Marianne K. Kringen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:29

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in deve...

    Authors: Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:28

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The identification of frail older persons in different health care settings is widely seen as an important step in improving the healthcare system. Screening at an emergency department (ED) should be handled i...

    Authors: Eklund Kajsa, Wilhelmson Katarina, Landahl Sten and Ivanoff-Dahlin Synneve

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:27

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Older people frequently attend the emergency department (ED) and have a high risk of poor outcome as compared to their younger counterparts. Our aim was to study routinely collected clinical parameters as pred...

    Authors: Susanna E. Hofman, Jacinta A. Lucke, Noor Heim, Jelle de Gelder, Anne J. Fogteloo, Christian Heringhaus, Bas de Groot, Anton J. M. de Craen, Gerard Jan Blauw and Simon P. Mooijaart

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:26

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Injury surveillance systems support the ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health information vital to the prevention, planning and evaluation of injury prevention strategies. One ke...

    Authors: Shannon E. Gray and Caroline F. Finch

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:24

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Non-traumatic cardiac arrest is a fatal emergency condition. Its survival rate and outcomes may be better with quick and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Telemedicine such as telephone or real ti...

    Authors: Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Sorravit Sawatmongkornkul, Jarupol Tuangsirisup, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth and Yuwares Sittichanbuncha

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:25

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Blunt carotid arterial injury (BCI) is a rare injury associated with motor vehicle collision (MVC). There are few population based analyses evaluating carotid injury associated with blunt trauma and their asso...

    Authors: Jared E. Kray, Viktor Y. Dombrovskiy and Todd R. Vogel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:23

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Emergency room (ER) use is increasing in several countries. Variability in the proportion of non-urgent ER visits was found to range from 5 to 90 % (median 32 %). Non-urgent emergency visits are considered an ...

    Authors: Sven Eirik Ruud, Per Hjortdahl and Bård Natvig

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:22

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Crowding in the emergency department (ED) has been studied intensively using complicated non-generic methods that may prove difficult to implement in a clinical setting. This study sought to develop a generic ...

    Authors: Andreas Halgreen Eiset, Mogens Erlandsen, Anders Brøns Møllekær, Julie Mackenhauer and Hans Kirkegaard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:21

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The presence of alcohol or other substances of abuse in blood or urine from injured patients is often used as a proxy for substance influence at the time of injury. The aim of this study was to obtain an estim...

    Authors: Eirin Bakke, Stig Tore Bogstrand, Per Trygve Normann, Øivind Ekeberg and Liliana Bachs

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:20

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To develop a screening tool to enhance elder abuse and neglect detection and reporting rates among emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Our primary aim was to identify the most salient indicators of elder abu...

    Authors: M. Brad Cannell, Katelyn K. Jetelina, Matt Zavadsky and Jennifer M. Reingle Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:19

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Adequate hospital staffing during and after a disaster is critical to meet increased health care demands and to ensure continuity of care and patient safety. However, when a disaster occurs, staff may become b...

    Authors: Andrea M. Morris, Karen A. Ricci, Anne R. Griffin, Kevin C. Heslin and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:18

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Fever is a common symptom in the emergency department(ED). Fever can be caused by bacterial infections, which are treated with antibiotics. Often, bacterial infections cannot be ruled out in the ED using stand...

    Authors: Yuri van der Does, Maarten Limper, Stephanie C. E. Schuit, Marten J. Poley, Joost van Rosmalen, Christian Ramakers, Peter Patka, Eric C. M. van Gorp and Pleunie P. M. Rood

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:17

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  23. Content type: Technical advance

    The emergency department (ED) increasingly acts as a gateway to the evaluation and treatment of acute illnesses. Consequently, it has also become a key testing ground for systems that monitor and identify outb...

    Authors: Samantha F. Bordonaro, Daniel C. McGillicuddy, Francesco Pompei, Dmitriy Burmistrov, Charles Harding and Leon D. Sanchez

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:16

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Trauma is one of the top threats to population health globally. Several prediction models have been developed to supplement clinical judgment in trauma care. Whereas most models have been developed in high-inc...

    Authors: Martin Gerdin, Nobhojit Roy, Monty Khajanchi, Vineet Kumar, Li Felländer-Tsai, Max Petzold, Göran Tomson and Johan von Schreeb

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:15

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Hypoglycaemia is a common and potentially life threatening consequence of insulin and sulphonylurea treated Diabetes. Some severe hypoglycaemic events result in emergency ambulance attendance. Many of these pa...

    Authors: Edward A. S. Duncan and David Fitzpatrick

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:13

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Accurately predicting future frequent emergency department (ED) utilization can support a case management approach and ultimately reduce health care costs. This study assesses the feasibility of using routinel...

    Authors: Jianmin Wu, Shaun J. Grannis, Huiping Xu and John T. Finnell

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:12

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although fatal opioid poisonings tripled from 1999 to 2008, data describing nonfatal poisonings are rare. Public health authorities are in need of tools to track opioid poisonings in near real time.

    Authors: Joseph M. Reardon, Katherine J. Harmon, Genevieve C. Schult, Catherine A. Staton and Anna E. Waller

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:11

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Estimating patient risk of future emergency department (ED) revisits can guide the allocation of resources, e.g. local primary care and/or specialty, to better manage ED high utilization patient populations an...

    Authors: Bo Jin, Yifan Zhao, Shiying Hao, Andrew Young Shin, Yue Wang, Chunqing Zhu, Zhongkai Hu, Changlin Fu, Jun Ji, Yong Wang, Yingzhen Zhao, Yunliang Jiang, Dorothy Dai, Devore S. Culver, Shaun T. Alfreds, Todd Rogow…

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:10

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    9-1-1 dispatchers are often the first contact for bystanders witnessing an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In the time before Emergency Medical Services arrives, dispatcher identification of the need for, and ...

    Authors: Hendrika Meischke, Ian Painter, Anne M. Turner, Marcia R. Weaver, Carol E. Fahrenbruch, Brooke R. Ike and Scott Stangenes

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:9

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Pre-hospital endotracheal intubation is more difficult than in the operating room (OR). Therefore, enhanced airway management devices such as video laryngoscopes may be helpful to improve the success rate of p...

    Authors: Sebastian G. Russo, Eike A. Nickel, Kay B. Leissner, Katrin Schwerdtfeger, Martin Bauer and Markus S. Roessler

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:8

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. In paediatric populations an end tidal capnography value greater than 36 mmHg was found to ...

    Authors: Ralphe Bou Chebl, Bryan Madden, Justin Belsky, Elie Harmouche and Lenar Yessayan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:7

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Head trauma affects millions of Americans each year and has significant morbidity and economic costs to society. The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of head traumas presenting to emerge...

    Authors: Christopher E. Gaw and Mark R. Zonfrillo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:5

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Trauma-related mortality can be lowered by efficient prehospital care. Less is known about whether gender influences the prehospital trauma care provided. The aim of this study was to explore gender-related di...

    Authors: Rebecka Rubenson Wahlin, Sari Ponzer, Hanna Lövbrand, Markus Skrivfars, Hans Morten Lossius and Maaret Castrén

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:6

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Critical illness is a time-sensitive process which requires practitioners to process vast quantities of data and make decisions rapidly. We have developed a tool, the Checklist for Early Recognition and Treatm...

    Authors: Aysen Erdogan, Yue Dong, Xiaomei Chen, Christopher Schmickl, Ronaldo A. Sevilla Berrios, Lisbeth Y. Garcia Arguello, Rahul Kashyap, Oguz Kilickaya, Brian Pickering, Ognjen Gajic and John C. O’Horo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:4

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Patients with a presumed diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or stroke may have had contact with several healthcare providers prior to hospital arrival. The aim of this study was to describe the various...

    Authors: Carine J. M. Doggen, Marlies Zwerink, Hanneke M. Droste, Paul J. A. M. Brouwers, Gert K. van Houwelingen, Fred L. van Eenennaam and Rolf E. Egberink

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:3

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies indicate that the introduction of high-sensitivity troponin T (HsTnT) as a diagnostic tool for chest pain patients in the emergency department (ED) creates a high rate of false-positive tests....

    Authors: Catharina Borna, Katarina Lockman Frostred and Ulf Ekelund

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:1

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Persistently elevated blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease development, making effective hypertension management an issue of considerable public health importance. Hypertensi...

    Authors: Julie Gleason-Comstock, Alicia Streater, Joel Ager, Allen Goodman, Aaron Brody, Laura Kivell, Aniruddha Paranjpe, Jasmine Vickers, LynnMarie Mango, Rachelle Dawood and Phillip Levy

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:38

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Previous work has suggested that given a hospital’s need to admit more patients from the emergency department (ED), high inpatient bed occupancy may encourage premature hospital discharges that favor the hospi...

    Authors: Mathias C. Blom, Karin Erwander, Lars Gustafsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Fredrik Jonsson and Kjell Ivarsson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15:37

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  39. Content type: Research

    Acute poisoning is one of the most common reasons for emergency department visits around the world. In Pakistan, the epidemiological data on poisoning is limited due to an under developed poison information su...

    Authors: Nadeem Ullah Khan, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Nudrat Shamim, Uzma Rahim Khan, Naureen Naseer, Asher Feroze, Junaid Abdul Razzak and Adnan A Hyder

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  40. Content type: Research

    This study assessed factors associated with emergency care outcomes and out-of-pocket treatment costs in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients in Pakistan.

    Authors: Junaid Ahmad Bhatti, Kent Stevens, Muhammad Umer Mir, Adnan A Hyder and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S12

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  41. Content type: Research

    Vital signs play a critical role in prioritizing patients in emergency departments (EDs), and are the foundation of most triage methods and disposition decisions. This study was conducted to determine the freq...

    Authors: Amber Mehmood, Siran He, Waleed Zafar, Noor Baig, Fareed Ahmed Sumalani and Juanid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S10

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  42. Content type: Research

    The utilization of ambulances in low- and middle-income countries is limited. The aim of this study was to ascertain frequency of ambulance use and characteristics of patients brought into emergency department...

    Authors: Nukhba Zia, Hira Shahzad, Syed Muhammad Baqir, Shahab Shaukat, Haris Ahmad, Courtland Robinson, Adnan A Hyder and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S9

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  43. Content type: Research

    Bomb blast injuries result in premature deaths and burdening of healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to explore the characteristics and outcome of patients presenting to the emergency department...

    Authors: Irum Qamar Khan, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Rubaba Naeem, Salima Kerai, Kate Allen, Nukhba Zia, Sana Shahbaz, Shiraz Qayoom Afridi, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Uzma Rahim Khan, Adnan A Hyder and Junaid A Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  44. Content type: Research

    Burn injury is an important yet under-researched area in Pakistan. The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics and associated outcomes of burn injury patients presenting to major emergency...

    Authors: Emaduddin Siddiqui, Nukhba Zia, Asher Feroze, Safia Awan, Arifa Liaquat Ali, Junaid Abdul Razzak, Adnan A Hyder and Asad Latif

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  45. Content type: Research

    We aimed to analyse the frequency and patterns of fall-related injuries presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) across Pakistan.

    Authors: Jabeen Fayyaz, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Hira Shahzad, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Mohammed Umer Mir, Uzma Rahim Khan, Sumera Iram, Sabir Ali, Junaid Abdul Razzak and Adnan A Hyder

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S3

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  46. Content type: Research

    Chest pain is one of the most frequent causes of emergency department (ED) visits in high-income countries. Little is known about chest pain patients presenting to EDs of low- and middle-income countries (LMIC...

    Authors: Nino Paichadze, Badar Afzal, Nukhba Zia, Rakshinda Mujeeb, Muhammad Mujeeb Khan and Junaid A Razzak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S13

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

  47. Content type: Research

    There is an increasing number of urgently ill and injured children being seen in emergency departments (ED) of developing countries. The pediatric disease burden in EDs across Pakistan is generally unknown. Ou...

    Authors: Huba Atiq, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Surriya Bano, Asher Feroze, Ghazala Kazi, Jabeen Fayyaz, Shivam Gupta, Juanid A Razzak, Adnan A Hyder and Asad I Mian

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2015 15(Suppl 2):S11

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 15 Supplement 2

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