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  1. Content type: Research article

    Triage is used to prioritize the patients in the emergency department. The majority of the triage systems include the patients’ pain score to assess their level of acuity by using a combination of patient repo...

    Authors: Martin Høhrmann Hangaard, Brian Malling and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:8

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Africa accounts for one sixth of global road traffic deaths—most in the pre-hospital setting. Ambulance transport is expensive relative to other modes of pre-hospital transport, but has advantages in time-sens...

    Authors: Yonas Abebe, Tolesa Dida, Engida Yisma and David M. Silvestri

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:7

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  3. Content type: Correction

    The original article [1] contains an error whereby all authors’ names were mistakenly interchanged. The original article has now been corrected to present the authors’ names correctly.

    Authors: Sophie Hardy, Sabina Fattah, Torben Wisborg, Lasse Raatiniemi, Trine Staff and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:6

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    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:4

  4. Content type: Case report

    Surgical cricothyroidotomy is considered to be the last resort for management of the difficult airway. A major point for a successful surgical cricothyroidotomy is to identify the location of the cricothyroid ...

    Authors: Hiromu Okano, Kohji Uzawa, Kunitaro Watanabe, Akira Motoyasu, Joho Tokumine, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Tomoko Yorozu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:5

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Major incidents affect us globally, and are occurring with increasing frequency. There is still no evidence-based standard regarding the best medical emergency response to major incidents. Currently, reports o...

    Authors: Sophie Hardy, Sabina Fattah, Torben Wisborg, Lasse Raatiniemi, Trine Staff and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:4

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:6

  6. Content type: Research article

    Clinical handover is an important process for the transition of patient-care responsibility to the next healthcare provider, but it may divert the attention of the team away from active patients. This is chall...

    Authors: Sami Alsolamy, Atheer Al-Sabhan, Najla Alassim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Hani Tamim and Yaseen M Arabi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:3

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Pneumocephalus, illustrated by air in the cranial vault is relatively infrequent and generally associated with neurosurgery, trauma, meningitis and barotrauma. However cases of spontaneous non-traumatic pneumo...

    Authors: Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B. Dennis, Dilip Shah and Winfred Baah

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:2

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  8. Content type: Research article

    While emergency airway management training is conventionally conducted via face-to-face learning (F2FL) workshops, there are inherent cost, time, place and manpower limitations in running such workshops. Blend...

    Authors: Madeleine Huei Tze Kho, Keng Sheng Chew, Muhaimin Noor Azhar, Mohd Lotfi Hamzah, Kee Man Chuah, Aida Bustam and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:1

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial prese...

    Authors: Michael J. Callaghan, Janos P. Baombe, Dan Horner, Charles E. Hutchinson, Dilraj Sandher and Simon Carley

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:40

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on i...

    Authors: Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:39

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Changes to physiological parameters precede deterioration of ill patients. Early warning and track and trigger systems (TTS) use routine physiological measurements with pre-specified thresholds to identify det...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack, Pauline Meskell, Aislinn Conway, Fiona McDaid, Nancy Santesso, Fergal G. Hickey, Paddy Gillespie, Adam J. N. Raymakers, Valerie Smith and Declan Devane

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:38

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Contemporary resuscitation guidelines for basic life support recommend an immediate onset of cardiac compressions in case of cardiac arrest followed by rescue breaths. Effective ventilation is often omitted du...

    Authors: Patricia Fuchs, Juliane Obermeier, Svend Kamysek, Martin Degner, Hannes Nierath, Henning Jürß, Hartmut Ewald, Jens Schwarz, Martin Becker and Jochen K. Schubert

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:37

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The early warning score (EWS) was developed to identify deteriorating patients early. It is a track-and-trigger system based on vital signs designed to direct appropriate clinical responses based on the seriou...

    Authors: John Asger Petersen, Lars S. Rasmussen and Susan Rydahl-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:36

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The optimal prehospital fluid for the treatment of hypotension is unknown. Hypertonic fluids may increase circulatory volume and mute the pro-inflammatory response of the body to injury and illness. The purpos...

    Authors: I. E. Blanchard, A. Ahmad, K. L. Tang, P. E. Ronksley, D. Lorenzetti, G. Lazarenko, E. S. Lang, C. J. Doig and H. T. Stelfox

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:35

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The demand for critical care beds is increasing out of proportion to bed availability. As a result, some critically ill patients are kept in the Emergency Department (ED boarding) awaiting bed availability. Th...

    Authors: Saad Al-Qahtani, Abdullah Alsultan, Samir Haddad, Abdulmohsen Alsaawi, Moeed Alshehri, Sami Alsolamy, Afef Felebaman, Hani M. Tamim, Nawfal Aljerian, Abdulaziz Al-Dawood and Yaseen Arabi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:34

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  16. Content type: Research article

    As many as 12% of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients screen positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms due to their cardiac event, and emergency department (ED) factors such as overcrowdin...

    Authors: Beatrice Konrad, David Hiti, Bernard P. Chang, Jessica Retuerto, Jacob Julian and Donald Edmondson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:33

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The four-hour target is a key hospital emergency department performance indicator in England and one that drives the physical and organisational design of the ED. Some studies have identified time of presentat...

    Authors: Niklas Bobrovitz, Daniel S. Lasserson and Adam D. M. Briggs

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:32

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  18. Content type: Research article

    New South Wales (NSW), Australia has a network of multirole retrieval physician staffed helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) with seven bases servicing a jurisdiction with population concentrated along...

    Authors: Alan A. Garner and Pieter L. van den Berg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:31

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Trauma contributes significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries. In Tanzania, there is an enormous research gap on trauma; the limited dat...

    Authors: Hendry R. Sawe, Juma A. Mfinanga, Khalid R. Mbaya, Phillip M. Koka, Said S. Kilindimo, Michael S. Runyon, Victor G. Mwafongo, Lee A. Wallis and Teri A. Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:30

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Pre-hospital emergency care is a vital and integral component of health systems particularly in the resource constrained countries like Uganda. It can help to minimize deaths, injuries, morbidities, disabiliti...

    Authors: Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Ali Ardalan, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Amir Nejati and Owais Raza

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:29

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis management in the Emergency Department remains a daily challenge. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) has released three-hour bundle. The implementation of these bundles in European Emergency Department...

    Authors: Philippe Le Conte, Séverin Thibergien, Jean Batiste Obellianne, Emmanuel Montassier, Gilles Potel, Pierre Marie Roy and Eric Batard

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:27

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Emergency medical service (EMS) personnel who work to provide emergency medical care at the scene and during transportation are exposed to various kinds of stressors and are particularly susceptible to develop...

    Authors: Salima Mansoor Kerai, Uzma Rahim Khan, Muhammad Islam, Nargis Asad, Junaid Razzak and Omrana Pasha

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:26

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Overuse of antibiotics is a major public health problem, contributing to growing antibiotic resistance. Procalcitonin has been reported to be commonly elevated in bacterial, but not viral infection. Multiple E...

    Authors: David T. Huang, Derek C. Angus, Chung-Chou H. Chang, Yohei Doi, Michael J. Fine, John A. Kellum, Octavia M. Peck-Palmer, Francis Pike, Lisa A. Weissfeld, Jonathan Yabes and Donald M. Yealy

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:25

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  24. Content type: Research article

    There are approximately 60,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in the United Kingdom (UK) each year. Within the UK there are well-established clinical practice guidelines that define when resuscitation ...

    Authors: J. Brandling, K. Kirby, S. Black, S. Voss and J. Benger

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:24

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  25. Content type: Debate

    Medical care is obviously an important public service to ensure the health of a nation; however, medical resources are not always used appropriately. ‘Convenience-store consultations’ and inappropriate ambulan...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Kadooka, Atsushi Asai, Aya Enzo and Taketoshi Okita

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:23

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The effective treatment of airway compromise in trauma and non-trauma patients is important. Hypoxia and hypotension are predictors of negative patient outcomes and increased mortality, and may be important qu...

    Authors: Geir Arne Sunde, Mårten Sandberg, Richard Lyon, Knut Fredriksen, Brian Burns, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Jo Røislien, Akos Soti, Helena Jäntti, David Lockey, Jon-Kenneth Heltne and Stephen J. M. Sollid

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:22

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Satisfaction refers to a state of pleasure or contentment with an action, event or service, especially one that was previously desired. Regarding to client, satisfaction is the level of happiness that clients ...

    Authors: Mesfin Worku and Eskindir Loha

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:21

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Systematic reviews call for well-designed trials with clearly described intervention components to support the effectiveness of educational campaigns to reduce patient delay in stroke presentation. We herein d...

    Authors: Caterina Caminiti, Peter Schulz, Barbara Marcomini, Elisa Iezzi, Silvia Riva, Umberto Scoditti, Andrea Zini, Giovanni Malferrari, Maria Luisa Zedde, Donata Guidetti, Enrico Montanari, Mario Baratti and Licia Denti

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:20

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Frequencies of reasons for encounter (RFEs) in emergency primary care out-of-hours (OOH) services are relevant for planning of capacities as well as to target the training of staff at casualty clinics. We aime...

    Authors: Guttorm Raknes and Steinar Hunskaar

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:19

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Paramedic-performed out-of-hospital ultrasound is a novel skill that has gained popularity in some services in recent years. In this setting point-of care ultrasound (POCUS) can provide additional information ...

    Authors: Ben Meadley, Alexander Olaussen, Ashleigh Delorenzo, Nick Roder, Caroline Martin, Toby St. Clair, Andrew Burns, Emma Stam and Brett Williams

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:18

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Hemorrhage is the main cause of maternal death during pregnancy. This study aims to evaluate incidence and outcomes of Severe Ante Partum Hemorrhage (SAPH) during the third trimester of pregnancy prior to deli...

    Authors: Martin Lankoande, Papougnezambo Bonkoungou, Sosthène Ouandaogo, Marcelin Dayamba, Ali Ouedraogo, Francis Veyckmans and Nazinigouba Ouédraogo

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:17

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  32. Content type: Research article

    There is no common understanding of how needs of emergency department (ED) frequent users differ from other patients. This study sought to examine how to best serve this population. Examinations of why ED freq...

    Authors: Lauren E. Birmingham, Thaddeus Cochran, Jennifer A. Frey, Kirk A. Stiffler and Scott T. Wilber

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:16

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  33. Content type: Research article

    While the capacities to care for and epidemiology of emergency and critically ill patients have been reported for secondary and tertiary level hospitals in Mongolia, no data exist for Mongolian primary level h...

    Authors: Naranpurev Mendsaikhan, Davaa Gombo, Ganbold Lundeg, Christian Schmittinger and Martin W. Dünser

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:15

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  34. Content type: Study protocol

    Musculoskeletal injuries are a common presentation to the Emergency Department (ED). The quality of care provided is important to the patients, clinicians, organisations and purchasers of care. In the context ...

    Authors: Kirsten Strudwick, Anthony Bell, Trevor Russell and Melinda Martin-Khan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:14

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Dyspnea is a frequent complaint in emergency departments (ED). It has a significant amount of subjective and affective components, therefore the dyspnea scores, based on the patients’ rating, can be ambiguous....

    Authors: Tibor Gondos, Viktor Szabó, Ágnes Sárkány, Adrienn Sárkány and Gábor Halász

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:13

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  36. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the impact of presenting to an Emergency Department (ED) during pregnancy on postnatal depression (PND) in women in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.

    Authors: Fenglian Xu, Elizabeth A. Sullivan, Roberto Forero and Caroline S. E. Homer

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:12

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Appropriate and timely recognition of sepsis is a prerequisite for starting goal-directed therapy bundles. We analyzed the appropriateness of sepsis recognition and documentation with regard to adequacy of the...

    Authors: Marius Morr, Alexander Lukasz, Eva Rübig, Hermann Pavenstädt and Philipp Kümpers

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:11

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) affects almost every organ sytem.If it is not detected early and corrected, mortality would be high. The prevalence of IAH and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) at Kenyatt...

    Authors: A. Muturi, P. Ndaguatha, Daniel Ojuka and A. Kibet

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:10

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  39. Content type: Correspondence

    We report 4 cases of Health Workers (HW) suspected of having contracted Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), transported from the Alliance for International Medical Action (ALIMA) Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC) in N’Zerek...

    Authors: Jean-Michel Dindart, Olivier Peyrouset, Romain Palich, Abdoul Bing, Richard Kojan, Solenne Barbe, Souley Harouna and Nikki Blackwell

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:9

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Seniors living in subsidized housing have lower income, poorer health, and increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases and falls. Seniors also account for more than one third of calls to Emergency Medical Serv...

    Authors: G. Agarwal, R. Angeles, M. Pirrie, F. Marzanek, B. McLeod, J. Parascandalo and L. Dolovich

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:8

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chest compressions are a core element of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. Despite periodic training, real-life chest compressions have been reported to be overly shallow and/or fast, very likely affecting patie...

    Authors: Leopold Haffner, Moritz Mahling, Alexander Muench, Christoph Castan, Paul Schubert, Aline Naumann, Silke Reddersen, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Jörg Reutershan, Reimer Riessen and Nora Celebi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:7

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Bystander first aid can improve survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest or trauma. Thus, providing first aid education to laypersons may lead to better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to establish ...

    Authors: Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tine Steinvik, Johan Angell and Torben Wisborg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:6

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Ambulance paramedics play a critical role expediting patient access to emergency treatments. Standardised handover communication frameworks have led to improvements in accuracy and speed of information transfe...

    Authors: Darren Flynn, Richard Francis, Shannon Robalino, Joanne Lally, Helen Snooks, Helen Rodgers, Graham McClelland, Gary A. Ford and Christopher Price

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:5

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Student training in use of automated external defibrillators and deployment of such defibrillators in schools is recommended to increase survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Low implementation rates ...

    Authors: Line Zinckernagel, Carolina Malta Hansen, Morten Hulvej Rod, Fredrik Folke, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:3

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) are not infrequent presenting problems in Emergency Departments (ED); however, little is known of the pattern of these presentations. This study provides a description of A...

    Authors: Rhonda J. Rosychuk, Michelle M. Graham, Brian R. Holroyd and Brian H. Rowe

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:2

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The Kampala Metropolitan Area (KMA) is the fastest developing region in Uganda. Over recent years, this has placed exponential demand on the road sector, which consequently has contributed to rapid growth in m...

    Authors: Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Ali Ardalan, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Amir Nejati and Stephen Kasiima

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:1

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:4

  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain low, despite remarkable efforts to improve care. A number of ambulance services in the United Kingdom (UK) have developed prehospital critical c...

    Authors: Johannes von Vopelius-Feldt, Jane Powell, Richard Morris and Jonathan Benger

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:47

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Disposition decisions are critical to the functioning of Emergency Departments. The objectives of the present study were to derive and internally validate a prediction model for inpatient admission from the Em...

    Authors: Michael M. Dinh, Saartje Berendsen Russell, Kendall J. Bein, Kris Rogers, David Muscatello, Richard Paoloni, Jon Hayman, Dane R. Chalkley and Rebecca Ivers

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:46

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