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  1. In Norway, planning for disasters has been specifically emphasized since the incidents on July 22nd, 2011. Every municipality is now legislated to have a contingency plan that includes plans for staff recall duri...

    Authors: Fredrik Femtehjell Friberg, Heléne Nilsson and Ann-Chatrin Linqvist Leonardsen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:25
  2. The red cell distribution width (RDW) reflects the degree of heterogeneity of red blood cells. Elevated RDW is associated both with frailty and with increased mortality in hospital-admitted patients. In this s...

    Authors: Janne Alakare, Kirsi Kemp, Timo Strandberg, Maaret Castrén, Jukka Tolonen and Veli-Pekka Harjola
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:24
  3. The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is increasing. Numerous investigators have evaluated the learning curves in POCUS, but there are no published studies on how emergency physicians perceive their own ...

    Authors: Ossi Hannula, Ville Hällberg, Anna Meuronen, Olli Suominen, Suvi Rautiainen, Ari Palomäki, Harri Hyppölä, Ritva Vanninen and Kalle Mattila
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:23
  4. This study was conducted in 2022 at King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC) to analyze the queuing theory approach at the Emergency Department (ED) to estimate patients’ wait times and predict the accuracy of the qu...

    Authors: Mahmoud Salameh Qandeel, Islam Khaleel Al-Qudah, Riyad Nayfeh, Haitham Aryan, Omar Ajaj, Hisham Alkhatib and Yousef Hamdan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:22
  5. Emergency departments (EDs) serve an integral role in healthcare, particularly for vulnerable populations. However, marginalized groups often report negative ED experiences, including stigmatizing attitudes an...

    Authors: Susan A. Bartels, Meredith MacKenzie, Stuart L. Douglas, Amanda Collier, Jodie Pritchard, Eva Purkey, David Messenger and Melanie Walker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:21
  6. Emergency physicians are in danger of developing illnesses due to stress in their demanding work environment. Until today, scholars have not identified stressors or resilience factors that qualify to promote t...

    Authors: Katja Petrowski, Camila Paola Malkewitz, Christian Schöniger, Mark Frank and Lorenz Theiler
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:20
  7. Road traffic accidents are a major cause of fatal and nonfatal injuries, causing permanent disabilities, and other indirect health complications. Each year, road traffic accidents (RTA) cause a lot of fataliti...

    Authors: Micheal Alemayehu, Asfawesen Woldemeskel, Ararso Baru Olani and Tariku Bekelcho
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:19
  8. During the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic, local health authorities in most Italian regions prescribed a reduction of ordinary outpatient and community mental health care. The aim of this study was to a...

    Authors: Luca Bodini, Chiara Bonetto, Antonio Maccagnani, Antonio Bonora, Enrico Polati, Giorgio Ricci, Ciro Paolillo, Francesco Amaddeo and Antonio Lasalvia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:18
  9. In Australian emergency departments, 30% of all back pain presentations are for older adults. Relatively little is known about the care that this population receives during an emergency department stay, includ...

    Authors: Katie de Luca, Andrew J McLachlan, Chris G Maher and Gustavo C Machado
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:67

  10. Deciding whether to transfer patients with sepsis from the emergency department (ED) to intensive care units (ICUs) is challenging. We hypothesised that the new biomarker plasma calprotectin (p-calprotectin) c...

    Authors: Åsa Parke, Christian Unge, David Yu, Jonas Sundén-Cullberg and Kristoffer Strålin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:16
  11. Since 2014, Korea has been operating the National Emergency Medical Situation Room (NEMSR) to provide regional emergency departments (EDs) with coordination services for the interhospital transfer of criticall...

    Authors: Hye Sook Min, Ho Kyung Sung, Goeun Choi, Hyehyun Sung, Minhee Lee, Seong Jung Kim and Eunsil Ko
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:15
  12. Fall injuries and trauma-related hospitalizations are the most common causes of injury and in-hospital stay amongst the elderly population. After the age of 65, the severity and frequency of fall-related probl...

    Authors: Salman Muhammad Soomar and Zeyanna Dhalla
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:14
  13. Numerous papers in different fields have already shown that CT imaging of the Musculus Psoas Major (MPM) can be used to predict patient outcome. Unfortunately, most of the methods presented in the literature a...

    Authors: Gregor Wollner, Valerie Weihs, Stephan Frenzel, Silke Aldrian and Lukas Leopold Negrin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:13
  14. The incidence of heat emergencies, including heat stroke and heat exhaustion, have increased recently due to climate change. This has affected global health and has become an issue of consideration for human h...

    Authors: Nadeem Ullah Khan, Uzma Rahim Khan, Naveed Ahmed, Asrar Ali, Ahmed Raheem, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Shahan Waheed, Salima Mansoor Kerai, Muhammad Akbar Baig, Saima Salman, Syed Ghazanfar Saleem, Seemin Jamali and Junaid A. Razzak
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:12
  15. Peripheral blood monocytes are important immune modulatory cells that change during aging. Previous studies on sepsis and monocytes did not distinguish between age groups, especially in the older adult populat...

    Authors: Qian Gao, Li Yang, Fei Teng and Shu‑Bin Guo
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:11
  16. In emergency medical services, high quality data are of great importance for patient care. Due to the unique nature of this type of services, the purpose of this study was to assess data quality in emergency m...

    Authors: Mehrnaz Mashoufi, Haleh Ayatollahi, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh and Tahere Talebi Azad Boni
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:10
  17. The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in many changes in pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS), including wearing full-body protective suits and well-fitted face masks, which can influence time indices in the...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sabbaghi, Mohammad Namazinia and Kheizaran Miri
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:9
  18. The Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) examination using conventional ultrasound has limited utility for detecting solid organ injury. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis comp...

    Authors: Bayu Sutarjono, Matthew Kessel, Dorian Alexander and Ekjot Grewal
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:8
  19. Cardiac arrest is currently one of the leading causes of mortality in clinical practice, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) is widely utilized to assess the severity of comorbidities. We aimed to evalua...

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Qingting Lin, Hui Jiang and Huadong Zhu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:7
  20. Incident management systems and disaster planning processes facilitate maximal use of available resources. Evaluation of the Incident Command System (ICS) is one of the top five key areas of research priority ...

    Authors: Nayani Umesha Rajapaksha, Chrishantha Abeysena, Aindralal Balasuriya, Millawage Supun Dilara Wijesinghe, Suranga Manilgama and Yibeltal Assefa Alemu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:6
  21. Little evidence suggests that trauma centres are associated with a lower risk of mortality in severely injured patients (Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥16) with multiple injuries in China. The objective of this ...

    Authors: Qiangping Zhou, Haijin Huang, Linhui Zheng, Haiming Chen and Yuanlin Zeng
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:5
  22. The pandemic has impacted both patients infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and patients who seek emergency assistance due to other health issues. Changes in emergency demands are expected to have occurred during...

    Authors: Séverine Vuilleumier, Thierry Spichiger, Sandrine Dénéréaz and Assunta Fiorentino
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:4
  23. The introduction of chest pain centers (CPC) in China has achieved great success in shortening the duration of nursing operations to significantly improve the treatment and outcomes of patients with ST-segment...

    Authors: Zhenyu Luo, Sihui Liu, Yunying Li and Shuyan Zhong
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:3

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:50

  24. Pre-hospital blood transfusion (PHBT) is a safe and gradually expanding procedure applied to trauma patients. A proper decision to activate PHBT with the presently limited diagnostic options at the site of an ...

    Authors: Michal Plodr, Jana Berková, Radomír Hyšpler, Anatolij Truhlář, Jiří Páral and Jaromír Kočí
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:2
  25. It is important to determine the severity of inhalation injury in severely burned patients. The oxygenation index PaO2/FiO2(PF) ratio is a key clinical indicator of inhalation injury. Sequential organ failure ass...

    Authors: Qiang Ji, Jun Tang, Shulian Li and Junjie Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:1
  26. Trauma is one of the important issues in public health because it is responsible for 90% of mortality in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LIMCs). The present study aimed to determine the epidemiological patter...

    Authors: Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Sahar Khoshravesh, Sajjad Abdolmaleki, Tayebeh Bathaei, Mahnaz Farzian and Mohammadreza Saatian
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:210
  27. Access to emergency department (ED) services is important for patients with acute asthma; however, ED crowding may impact the quality of care and compromise outcomes. We examine the association between ED crow...

    Authors: Yifu Huang, Silvia S. Ortiz, Brian H. Rowe and Rhonda J. Rosychuk
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:209
  28. Accurate sepsis diagnosis is paramount for treatment decisions, especially at the emergency department (ED). To improve diagnosis, clinical decision support (CDS) tools are being developed with machine learnin...

    Authors: Michael S. A. Niemantsverdriet, Titus A. P. de Hond, Imo E. Hoefer, Wouter W. van Solinge, Domenico Bellomo, Jan Jelrik Oosterheert, Karin A. H. Kaasjager and Saskia Haitjema
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:208
  29. A longer emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) is associated with poor outcomes. Shortening EDLOS is difficult, due to its multifactorial nature. A potential way to improve EDLOS is through shorter turna...

    Authors: Bram E. L. Vrijsen, Saskia Haitjema, Jan Westerink, Cornelia A. R. Hulsbergen-Veelken, Wouter W. van Solinge and Maarten J. ten Berg
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:207
  30. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, has spread rapidly around the world.

    Authors: Koshi Ota, Daisuke Nishioka, Yusuke Katayama, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Jun Masui, Kanna Ota, Masahiko Nitta, Tetsuya Matsuoka and Akira Takasu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:206
  31. It is challenging to identify sepsis in the emergency department, in part due to the non-specific presentation of septic patients. Current clinical sepsis screening tools rely on vital signs but many patients ...

    Authors: Eric A. Larsson, Ulrika M. Wallgren, Anna Su, Jennifer Short and Lisa Kurland
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:205
  32. Globally, there is an increase in the need for emergency department visits, which is exceptionally high in pediatric patients, resulting in longer lengths of stay, which is a global challenge and a hospital bo...

    Authors: Kiberealeme Bisete Negasi, Almaz Tefera Gonete, Migbaru Getachew, Nega Tezera Assimamaw and Bewuketu Terefe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:203
  33. The Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability and Exposure (ABCDE) approach is a universal, priority-based approach for the assessment and treatment of critically ill patients. Although the ABCDE approach is ...

    Authors: Nino H. C. Schoeber, Marjolein Linders, Mathijs Binkhorst, Willem-Pieter De Boode, Jos M. T. Draaisma, Marlies Morsink, Anneliese Nusmeier, Martijn Pas, Christine van Riessen, Nigel M. Turner, Rutger Verhage, Cornelia R. M. G. Fluit and Marije Hogeveen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:202
  34. Acute triage is needed to prioritize care and achieve optimal resource allocation in busy emergency departments. The main objective is to compare the FRench Emergency Nurse Classification in Hospital scale (FR...

    Authors: Antoine Aubrion, Romain Clanet, JP Jourdan, Christian Creveuil, E Roupie and Richard Macrez
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:201

    The Editorial to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:49

    The Matters Arising to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:53

  35. Authors: Takumi Tsuchida and Mineji Hayakawa
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:198

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:197

    The Research to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:121

  36. This commentary discusses the findings of a study by Tsuchida et al. on the effect of annual hospital admissions of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients on survival and neurological outcomes in OHCA patient...

    Authors: Amelia Xin Chun Goh and Andrew Fu Wah Ho
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:197

    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:121

    The Correspondence to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:198

  37. Medical emergency teams (METs) have been implemented to reduce hospital mortality by the early recognition and treatment of potentially life-threatening conditions. The objective of this study was to establish...

    Authors: Anna Adielsson, Christian Danielsson, Pontus Forkman, Thomas Karlsson, Linda Pettersson, Johan Herlitz and Stefan Lundin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:200
  38. Burn is one of the critical health problems worldwide. Developing countries with sub-Saharan and Asian populations are affected more. Its mortality and non-fatal complications depend on several factors includi...

    Authors: Damena Mulatu, Ayalew Zewdie, Biruktawit Zemede, Bewuketu Terefe and Bikis Liyew
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:199
  39. Pre-hospital emergency staffs as the frontline forces fighting against COVID -19 have been affected by this pandemic. Today, the occupational and mental health of these individuals is particularly important to...

    Authors: Najme Chegini, Soheil Soltani, Sajad Noorian, Mostafa Amiri, Fatemeh Rashvand, Saeed Rahmani, Mohadese Aliakbari and Mojtaba Senmar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:196
  40. The current German S3 guideline for polytrauma lists five criteria for prehospital intubation: apnea, severe traumatic brain injury (GCS ≤8), severe chest trauma with respiratory failure, hypoxia, and persiste...

    Authors: Teresa Maek, Ulrike Fochtmann, Anna von Loewenich, Pascal Jungbluth, Werner Zimmermann, Rolf Lefering, Sven Lendemans and Bjoern Hussmann
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:194
  41. Various maneuvers have been introduced to address anterior shoulder dislocations. Chair method allows the patient to sit comfortably and feel less pain during the reduction procedure. However, the rarity of co...

    Authors: Yufeng Ge, Minghui Yang, Feng Gao, Weidong Peng and Xinbao Wu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:192
  42. Early administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to save lives in trauma patients, and some U.S. emergency medical systems (EMS) have begun providing this therapy prehospital. Treatment protocols v...

    Authors: Matthew J. Bivens, Christie L. Fritz, Ryan C. Burke, David W. Schoenfeld and Jennifer V. Pope
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:191
  43. Triage starts at the front door of the Emergency Department (ED), and repeatedly performed by the responsible duty nurses with the aim of facilitating a timely and appropriate treatment of patients. A triage s...

    Authors: Teklu Tsegai Bahlibi, Eyasu Habte Tesfamariam, Yonatan Mehari Andemeskel and Ghidey Gebreyohannes Weldegiorgis
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:190
  44. The shock index (SI) and its derivatives have been shown to predict mortality in severely injured patients, both in pre-hospital and in-hospital settings. However, the impact of the time of measurement on the ...

    Authors: Mikael Laaksonen, Johannes Björkman, Timo Iirola, Lasse Raatiniemi and Jouni Nurmi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:189
  45. Vaso–occlusive crises (VOCs) are acute and common painful complication of sickle cell disease (SCD), and are the main reason behind the frequent emergency department visits among SCD patients. Hydroxyurea (HU)...

    Authors: Sahar Abdullah Alkhalifah, Miteb Alanazi, Majed Ali Almasaoud, Hazim Saeed Al-Malki, Faisal Mohammed Al-Murdhi, Mohammed Saad Al-hazzaa, Suliaman Musaed Al-Mufarrij, Mohammed Ali Albabtain, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshiakh and Yazed AlRuthia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:188
  46. There is limited research on individual patient characteristics, alone or in combination, that contribute to the higher levels of mortality in post-transfer patients. The purpose of this work is to identify si...

    Authors: Andrew P. Reimer, Nicholas K. Schiltz and Siran M. Koroukian
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:187

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