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  1. Adequate performance of trauma team activation (TTA) criteria is important in order to accurately triage trauma patients. The Swedish National Trauma Triage Criteria (SNTTC) consists of 29 criteria that trigge...

    Authors: Lina Holmberg, Kevin Mani, Knut Thorbjørnsen, Anders Wanhainen, Håkan Andréasson, Claes Juhlin and Fredrik Linder
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:40
  2. Intoxications are common in intensive care units (ICUs). The number of causative substances is large, mortality usually low. This retrospective cohort study aims to characterize differences of intoxicated comp...

    Authors: Richard Rezar, Christian Jung, Behrooz Mamandipoor, Clemens Seelmaier, Thomas K. Felder, Michael Lichtenauer, Sarah Wernly, Samanta M. Zwaag, Dylan W. De Lange, Bernhard Wernly and Venet Osmani
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:38
  3. Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) is considered as one of the main health challenges and causes of mortality, worldwide and especially in Iran. Predicting the place where RTIs-related death takes place is vital in ...

    Authors: Sadeghi-Bazargani Homayoun, Jamali-Dolatabad Milad, Golestani Mina and Sarbakhsh Parvin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:37
  4. After clinical evaluation in the emergency department (ED), facial burn patients are usually intubated to protect their airways. However, the possibility of unnecessary intubation or delayed intubation after a...

    Authors: Ruo-Yi Huang, Szu-Jen Chen, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Ling-Wei Kuo, Chien-Hung Liao, Chi-Hsun Hsieh, Francesco Bajani and Chih-Yuan Fu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:36
  5. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has challenged healthcare globally. An acute increase in the number of hospitalized patients has ...

    Authors: Rashudy F. Mahomedradja, Tessa O. van den Beukel, Maaike van den Bos, Steven Wang, Kirsten A. Kalverda, Birgit I. Lissenberg-Witte, Marianne A. Kuijvenhoven, Esther J. Nossent, Majon Muller, Kim C. E. Sigaloff, Jelle Tichelaar and Michiel A. van Agtmael
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:35
  6. To investigate current knowledge, attitudes, and practices for CPR quality control among emergency physicians in Chinese tertiary hospitals.

    Authors: Kang Zheng, Lanfang Du, Yu Cao, Zhendong Niu, Zhenju Song, Zhi Liu, Xiaowei Liu, Xudong Xiang, Qidi Zhou, Hui Xiong, Fengying Chen, Guoqiang Zhang and Qingbian Ma
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:33
  7. Sepsis has high incidence and fatality rates in intensive care units, often leading to renal failure. The effectiveness of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (...

    Authors: Zichen Wang, Luming Zhang, Fengshuo Xu, Didi Han and Jun Lyu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:32
  8. Refractory out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with extremely poor outcomes. However, in selected patients extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) may be an effective rescue therapy...

    Authors: Pramod Chandru, Tatum Priyambada Mitra, Nitesh Dutt Dhanekula, Mark Dennis, Adam Eslick, Natalie Kruit and Andrew Coggins
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:31
  9. It is difficult to predict the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Cerebral tissue oxygen saturation during CPR, as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS...

    Authors: Kento Sakaguchi, Masayuki Takada, Kazunori Takahashi, Yu Onodera, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Kaneyuki Kawamae and Masaki Nakane
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:30
  10. Stroke is a common medical emergency responsible for significant mortality and disability. Early identification improves outcomes by promoting access to time-critical treatments such as thrombectomy for large ...

    Authors: Lou Sutcliffe, Hannah Lumley, Lisa Shaw, Richard Francis and Christopher I. Price
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:29
  11. Recent randomized control trials (RCTs) have confirmed that antibiotics in acute uncomplicated diverticulitis (AUD) neither accelerate recovery nor prevent complications or recurrences.

    Authors: Najia Azhar, Hager Aref, Adam Brorsson, Marie-Louise Lydrup, Fredrik Jörgren, Johannes Kurt Schultz and Pamela Buchwald
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:28
  12. Acute heart failure patients are often encountered in emergency departments (ED) from 11% to 57% using emergency medical services (EMS). Our aim was to evaluate the association of EMS use with acute heart fail...

    Authors: Pia Harjola, Tuukka Tarvasmäki, Cinzia Barletta, Richard Body, Jean Capsec, Michael Christ, Luis Garcia-Castrillo, Adela Golea, Mehmet A. Karamercan, Paul-Louis Martin, Òscar Miró, Jukka Tolonen, Oene van Meer, Ari Palomäki, Franck Verschuren, Veli-Pekka Harjola…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:27
  13. Elderly patients with sepsis have many comorbidities, and the clinical reaction is not obvious. Thus, clinical treatment is difficult. We planned to use the laboratory test results and comorbidities of elderly...

    Authors: Luming Zhang, Tao Huang, Fengshuo Xu, Shaojin Li, Shuai Zheng, Jun Lyu and Haiyan Yin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:26
  14. To investigate and understand the determinants of decisions not to attempt resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, to contribute to establishing rules that are appropriate to China.

    Authors: Sijia Tian, Shengmei Niu, Luxi Zhang, Huixin Lian, Ming Zhou, Xuejiao Zhang, Xuqin Kang and JinJun Zhang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:25
  15. Traumatic brain injury (TBI), both isolated and in combination with extracranial lesions, is a global health problem associated with high mortality. Among various risk factors for poor clinical outcomes, age i...

    Authors: Sanae Hosomi, Tomotaka Sobue, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Hiroshi Ogura and Takeshi Shimazu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:24
  16. Airway management is a key skill in any helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS). Intubation is successful less often than in the hospital, and alternative forms of airway management are more often needed.

    Authors: Urs Pietsch, Raphael Müllner, Lorenz Theiler, Volker Wenzel, Lorenz Meuli, Jürgen Knapp, Stephen J. M. Sollid and Roland Albrecht
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:23
  17. Hypoglycaemia is a potentially serious condition, characterised by lower-than-normal blood glucose levels, common in people with diabetes (PWD). It can be prevented and self-managed if expert support, such as ...

    Authors: Despina Laparidou, Vanessa Botan, Graham R. Law, Elise Rowan, Murray D. Smith, Amanda Brewster, Robert Spaight, Pauline Mountain, Sally Dunmore, June James, Leon Roberts, Kamlesh Khunti and A. Niroshan Siriwardena
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:21
  18. Limited data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) on the severity of road traffic injuries (RTIs) and their relation to different variables of interest are routinely obtained. Knowledge on this subjec...

    Authors: Lourdes Gómez-García, Elisa Hidalgo-Solórzano, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Vanessa F. Jacobo-Zepeda, Ricardo G. Ascencio-Tene, Jeffrey C. Lunnen and Amber Mehmood
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:20
  19. Drug-related emergency department (ED) visits are escalating, especially for stimulant use (i.e., cocaine and psychostimulants such as methamphetamine). We sought to characterize rates, presentation, and manageme...

    Authors: Leslie W. Suen, Thibaut Davy-Mendez, Kathy T. LeSaint, Elise D. Riley and Phillip O. Coffin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:19
  20. The utilization of a rapid response team (RRT) has influenced the clinical outcomes of patients in the general ward. However, the characteristics of RRT-screened patients who are transferred to the intensive c...

    Authors: Song-I. Lee, Jeong Suk Koh, Yoon Joo Kim, Da Hyun Kang and Jeong Eun Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:18
  21. To understand the characteristics and clinical presentation of patients with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) visiting the emergency department (ED), and to examine the factors associated with clinical outcomes ...

    Authors: Xingyu Zhang, Peilin Qiu, Anna Prushinskaya, Yun Jiang, Hui Fan and Sheng Yang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:16
  22. In the future, we can expect an increase in older patients in emergency departments (ED) and acute wards. The main purpose of this study was to identify predictors of short- and long-term mortality in the ED a...

    Authors: Henrik Olsson, Björn W. Karlson, Johan Herlitz, Thomas Karlsson, Jenny Hellberg, Mattias Prytz, Ninni Sernert and Niklas Ekerstad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:15
  23. Patients requiring emergent warfarin reversal (EWR) have been prescribed three-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC3) and four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC4) to reverse the anticoagulant ...

    Authors: David J. Margraf, Sarah J. Brown, Heather L. Blue, Tamara L. Bezdicek, Julian Wolfson and Scott A. Chapman
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:14
  24. Even force distribution would generate efficient external chest compression (ECC). Little research has been done to compare force distribution between one-hand (OH) and two-handed (TH) during child ECC. Therefo.....

    Authors: Jui-Yi Tsou, Chia-Lung Kao, Yi-Fang Tu, Ming-Yuan Hong, Fong-Chin Su and Chih-Hsien Chi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:13

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:151

  25. Patient experience is an important outcome and indicator of healthcare quality, and patient reported experiences are key to improving quality of care. While patient experience in emergency departments (EDs) ha...

    Authors: Delyth Price, Michelle Edwards, Freya Davies, Alison Cooper, Joy McFadzean, Andrew Carson-Stevens, Matthew Cooke, Jeremy Dale, Bridie Angela Evans, Barbara Harrington, Julie Hepburn, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena, Helen Snooks and Adrian Edwards
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:12
  26. There is sparse evidence in the literature assessing emergency department presentation with respiratory disorders among Indigenous patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteris...

    Authors: Subash S. Heraganahally, Ram H. Ghimire, Timothy Howarth, Oshini M. Kankanamalage, Didier Palmer and Henrik Falhammar
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:11

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:81

  27. Patient handover between prehospital care and the emergency department plays a key role in patient safety. Therefore, we aimed to create a validated tool for measuring quality of communication and interprofess...

    Authors: Marina Golling, Wilhelm Behringer and Daniel Schwarzkopf
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:10
  28. Green pit vipers (GPVs), namely Trimeresurus albolabris and Trimeresurus stejnegeri accounts for most snakebites in Southern China. Green pit viper venom contains thrombin-like enzymes, resulting in defibrination...

    Authors: Liangbo Zeng, Qing Liang, Zijing Liang, Jieyun Han, Miaozhu Wu, Rong Liu and Xida Wang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:9
  29. Pain relief in the prehospital setting is often insufficient, as the administration of potent intravenous analgesic drugs is mostly reserved to physicians. In Australia, inhaled methoxyflurane has been in rout...

    Authors: Helmut Trimmel, Alexander Egger, Reinhard Doppler, Mathias Pimiskern and Wolfgang G. Voelckel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:8
  30. The northern regions of the Nordic countries have common challenges of sparsely populated areas, long distances, and an arctic climate. The aim of this study was to compare the cause and rate of fatal injuries...

    Authors: Tine Steinvik, Lasse Raatiniemi, Brynjólfur Mogensen, Guðrún B. Steingrímsdóttir, Torfinn Beer, Anders Eriksson, Trond Dehli, Torben Wisborg and Håkon Kvåle Bakke
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:7
  31. Point-of-care testing (POCT) is diagnostic testing performed at or near to the site of the patient. Understanding the current capacity, and scope, of POCT in this setting is essential in order to respond to ne...

    Authors: Meenu Pandey, Mark D. Lyttle, Katrina Cathie, Alasdair Munro, Thomas Waterfield and Damian Roland
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:6
  32. Many health care systems triage injured patients to major trauma centres (MTCs) or local hospitals by using triage tools and paramedic judgement. Triage tools are typically assessed by whether patients with an...

    Authors: Daniel Pollard, Gordon Fuller, Steve Goodacre, Eveline A. J. van Rein, Job F. Waalwijk and Mark van Heijl
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:4
  33. Early intravenous fluids for patients with sepsis presenting with hypoperfusion or shock in the emergency department remains one of the key recommendations of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines to reduce...

    Authors: Gladis Kabil, Steven A. Frost, Deborah Hatcher, Amith Shetty, Jann Foster and Stephen McNally
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:3
  34. Prehospital stroke trials will inevitably recruit patients with non-stroke conditions, so called stroke mimics. We undertook a pre-specified analysis to determine outcomes in patients with mimics in the second...

    Authors: Bronwyn Tunnage, Lisa J. Woodhouse, Mark Dixon, Craig Anderson, Sandeep Ankolekar, Jason Appleton, Lesley Cala, Timothy England, Kailash Krishnan, Diane Havard, Grant Mair, Keith Muir, Steve Phillips, John Potter, Christopher Price, Marc Randall…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:2
  35. The rates of emergency neurosurgery in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients vary between populations and trauma centers. In planning acute TBI treatment, knowledge about rates and incidence of emergency neuro...

    Authors: Cathrine Tverdal, Mads Aarhus, Pål Rønning, Ola Skaansar, Karoline Skogen, Nada Andelic and Eirik Helseth
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:1
  36. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar were Muslims fast from dawn until sunset. This prolonged fasting period might have an impact on patients with diabetes and their disease control. This study a...

    Authors: Abdullah M. AlZahrani, Mawaddah M. Zawawi, Naif A. Almutairi, Ammar Y. Alansari and Amina A. Bargawi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:162
  37. To asses the prognostic value of diagnostic scales in mortality of community-adquired sepsis and added value of additional parameters.

    Authors: Jorge Clar, María Rosa Oltra, Raquel Benavent, Carolina Pinto, Adrian Ruiz, Maria Teresa Sanchez, Jose Noceda, Josep Redon and Maria Jose Forner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:161
  38. After-hours house call (AHHC) medical services have been implemented in Japan to reduce ambulance use, as well as overcrowding at the emergency department (ED). Examining the pre-and post-home visit behaviors ...

    Authors: Ryota Inokuchi, Kojiro Morita, Xueying Jin, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:159
  39. Improving telephone triage for patients with chest pain has been identified as a national research priority. However, there is a lack of strong evidence to define the life-threatening conditions (LTCs) that te...

    Authors: Ahmed Alotaibi, Richard Body, Simon Carley and Elspeth Pennington
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:158
  40. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) may be an adjunct treatment to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Aortic occlusion may increase aortic pressure and increase the coronary per...

    Authors: Jostein Rødseth Brede, Eivinn Skjærseth, Pål Klepstad, Trond Nordseth and Andreas Jørstad Krüger
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:157
  41. In Sweden, the majority of patients who are transported to hospital by the emergency medical services (EMS) are relatively old and the majority suffer from comorbidity. About half these patients are admitted t...

    Authors: Carl Magnusson, Helena Ryge, Filip Scott, Johan Herlitz and Christer Axelsson
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:156
  42. Prehospital telephone triage stratifies patients into five categories, “need immediate hospital visit by ambulance,” “need to visit a hospital within 1 hour,” “need to visit a hospital within 6 hours,” “need t...

    Authors: Ryota Inokuchi, Xueying Jin, Masao Iwagami, Toshikazu Abe, Masatoshi Ishikawa and Nanako Tamiya
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:155
  43. Older adults (age ≥ 65 years) represent a significant proportion of all patients who are not transported to hospital after assessment by ambulance clinicians (non-conveyed patients). This study aimed to fill t...

    Authors: Jakob Lederman, Veronica Lindström, Carina Elmqvist, Caroline Löfvenmark, Gunnar Ljunggren and Therese Djärv
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:154
  44. Acute asthma is a common presentation to emergency departments (EDs) worldwide and, due to overcrowding, delays in treatment often occur. This study deconstructs the total ED length of stay into stages and est...

    Authors: Kimberly R. Kroetch, Brian H. Rowe and Rhonda J. Rosychuk
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:153
  45. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and other illness prognostic scores predict adverse outcomes in critical patients. Their validation as a decision-making tool in the emergency department (ED) of seco...

    Authors: GianLuca Colussi, Giacomo Perrotta, Pierpaolo Pillinini, Alessia G. Dibenedetto, Andrea Da Porto, Cristiana Catena and Leonardo A. Sechi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2021 21:152

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