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  1. Mechanical thrombectomy is the treatment of choice for large vessel occlusion strokes done only in comprehensive stroke centres (CSC). We investigated whether the transportation time of thrombectomy candidates...

    Authors: Pauli Vuorinen, Piritta Setälä, Jyrki Ollikainen and Sanna Hoppu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:17
  2. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of intravenous ibuprofen or intravenous ibuprofen plus acetaminophen compared to intravenous morphine in patients with closed extremity fractures.

    Authors: Mehdi Nasr Isfahani, Hossein Etesami, Omid Ahmadi and Babak Masoumi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:15
  3. Major trauma and its consequences are one of the leading causes of death worldwide across all age groups. Few studies have conducted comparative age-specific investigations. It is well known that children resp...

    Authors: Teresa Maek, Ulrike Fochtmann, Pascal Jungbluth, Bastian Pass, Rolf Lefering, Carsten Schoeneberg, Sven Lendemans and Bjoern Hussmann
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:14
  4. Musculoskeletal conditions are the most common health condition seen in emergency departments. Hence, the most effective approaches to managing these conditions is of interest. This systematic review aimed to ...

    Authors: Simon P Vella, Alla Melman, Danielle Coombs, Christopher G Maher, Michael S Swain, Elizabeth Monk and Gustavo C Machado
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:13
  5. In the chain of survival for Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), each component of care contributes to improve the prognosis of the patient with OHCA. The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic potentially affected...

    Authors: Chie Tanaka, Takashi Tagami, Junya Kaneko, Nobuya Kitamura, Hideo Yasunaga, Shotaro Aso, Munekazu Takeda and Masamune Kuno
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:12
  6. Prolonged prehospital time is a major global problem in the emergency medical system (EMS). Although factors related to prolonged on-scene times (OSTs) have been reported in patients with trauma and critical m...

    Authors: Keiko Ueno, Chie Teramoto, Daisuke Nishioka, Shiho Kino, Hiroyuki Sawatari and Kazuaki Tanabe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:10
  7. Long-term care (LTC) was overwhelmingly impacted by COVID-19 and unnecessary transfer to emergency departments (ED) can have negative health outcomes. This study aimed to explore how the COVID-19 pandemic impa...

    Authors: Leanna Wyer, Yair Guterman, Vivian Ewa, Eddy Lang, Peter Faris and Jayna Holroyd-Leduc
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:9
  8. The effect of alcohol consumption on trauma remains controversial. The effects of alcohol on hemorrhage and peritonitis after blunt abdominal trauma have rarely been discussed. This study aimed to explore the ...

    Authors: Ting-Min Hsieh, Kuo-Chen Huang, Po-Chun Chuang, Chun-Ting Liu, Bei-Yu Wu, Ching-Hua Hsieh and Fu-Jen Cheng
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:8
  9. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma helps detect abdominal free fluid. Prehospital ultrasound scanning is also important because the early diagnosis of hemoperitoneum may reduce the time to definitiv...

    Authors: Kun-Te Lin, Zih-Yang Lin, Cheng-Chieh Huang, Shang-Yan Yu, Jing-Lan Huang, Jian-Houng Lin and Yan-Ren Lin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:7
  10. Pericardial effusion (PE) is a rare yet an important cause of child mortality due to collection of excess fluid in pericardial space. The study aimed to describe the PE profile in the national cardiac referral...

    Authors: Selamawit Amare and Henok Tadele
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:6
  11. During disasters (including epidemics such as coronavirus disease 2019), the capacity of emergency departments is exceeded, thereby hindering the administration of appropriate lifesaving measures. Furthermore,...

    Authors: Kazuki Nagashima, Nobuhiro Yasuno and Machiko Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:5
  12. Nurses have always been at the forefront of providing services for victims of disasters. Using nurses’ experiences in disaster planning can play an important role in improving their readiness to provide health...

    Authors: Khadijeh Akbari, Arezoo Yari and Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:4
  13. In patients with major hemorrhage, balanced transfusions and limited crystalloid use is recommended in both civilian and military guidelines. This transfusion strategy is often applied in the non-trauma patien...

    Authors: Marte Irene Skille Carlsen, Jostein Rødseth Brede, Christian Medby and Oddvar Uleberg
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:3
  14. The risk of high-energy trauma injuries on construction sites is relatively high. A delayed response time could affect outcomes after severe injury. This study assessed if an advanced first aid course for firs...

    Authors: Hans Hedberg, Pia Hedberg, Jonas Aléx, Sofia Karlsson and Michael Haney
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:2
  15. Healthcare providers, particularly nurses, play a critical role in mitigating the impact of disasters on victims and the healthcare system. However, nurses face unique challenges in disasters that may not expe...

    Authors: Jamileh Farokhzadian, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Hojjat Farahmandnia, Gülcan Taskiran Eskici and Faezeh Soltani Goki
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:1
  16. Implementing training programs to educate patients on the prodromal symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may assist patients in accurately recognizing these symptoms, and ultimately decrease their time de...

    Authors: Siyue Wang, Junxian Song, Chongyou Lee, Jin Jiang, Mengying Wang, Dongjing Liu, Zhuqing Wang, Yuan Yuan, Wenyong Li, Ren Zhou, Hongchen Zheng, Jianmin Wei, Yonghua Hu, Tao Wu, Zhenbiao Tian and Hong Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:146
  17. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in orthopedic patients. Previous studies have focused on major orthopedic surgery.There are few studies with multiple trauma. We aimed to describe the preval...

    Authors: Huijuan Chen, Libing Sun and Xiangyan Kong
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:144
  18. Today, using the medical technology of telecardiology, as part of advanced medical services, plays an essential role in providing care to cardiac patients in life-threatening conditions who need emergency care...

    Authors: Mostafa Bijani, Saeed Abedi, Azam Zare, Ziba Tavacol, Fozieh Abadi and Abdulhakim Alkamel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:143
  19. Hemorrhage is one of the main causes of death in trauma. Critical bleeding in patients needs to be detected as soon as possible to save the patient. Drones are gaining increasing importance in emergency servic...

    Authors: Christoph West, Bernhard Kaus, Sean O’ Sullivan, Henning Schneider and Oskar Seifert
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:142
  20. Use of video review in medicine is established in contexts such as surgery. Although not widely used in the emergency department (ED), some centres use it to evaluate non-technical skills (NTS) to support teac...

    Authors: Emily G Alexander, Fraser Denny, Malcom WG Gordon, Cieran McKiernan and David J Lowe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:141
  21. The aim of this trial-based economic evaluation was to assess the incremental costs and cost-effectiveness of the modified diagnostic strategy combining the YEARS rule and age-adjusted D-dimer threshold compar...

    Authors: Arnaud Nze Ossima, Bibi Fabiola Ngaleu Siaha, Maroua Mimouni, Nadia Mezaour, Meryl Darlington, Laurence Berard, Marine Cachanado, Tabassome Simon, Yonathan Freund and Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:140
  22. The risk of occupational exposure during endotracheal intubation has required the global Emergency Medicine (EM), Anesthesia, and Critical Care communities to institute new COVID- protected intubation guidelin...

    Authors: Muzeen Ismath, Holly Black, Carmen Hrymak, Rhonda J. Rosychuk, Patrick Archambault, Patrick T. Fok, Thomas Audet, Brenden Dufault, Corinne Hohl and Murdoch Leeies
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:139
  23. In recent years, Iran has encountered a growing frequency of earthquake disasters. Given that nurses constitute the largest group of healthcare providers, it is imperative that they possess adequate disaster p...

    Authors: Mohammad Rostami, Saeed Babajani-Vafsi, Arash Ziapour, Kourosh Abbasian, Mojgan Mohammadimehr and Armin Zareiyan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:138
  24. Although outcome goals for acute healthcare among older people living with frailty often include Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and other patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), current quality metr...

    Authors: James D. van Oppen, Simon P. Conroy, Timothy J. Coats, Nicola J. Mackintosh and Jose M. Valderas
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:137
  25. The unpredictability of prehospital emergencies combined with constantly changing circumstances can lead to increased stress and mental health issues among Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs). To accurately d...

    Authors: Ali Afshari, Mohammad Torabi, Sasan Navkhasi, Marzieh Aslani and Afshin Khazaei
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:136
  26. One of the most significant advantages of Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) in disaster relief efforts is their ability to reach inaccessible or remote areas quickly. This is especially important in ...

    Authors: Mahmoud Hatami, Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh, Mostafa Bijani and Mahmoudreza Peyravi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:135
  27. Natural disasters, health, terrorism, infectious diseases, and social unrest affect more than 200 million people worldwide each year. The present study is an attempt to evaluate the self-efficacy of senior, mi...

    Authors: Asiye Aminafshar, Majid Sartipi and Abdolrazzagh Pakzad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:133
  28. Early recognition and appropriate treatment has shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with undifferentiated shock. There are many ultrasound protocols in shock; each protocol combines core ultr...

    Authors: Asmaa Ramadan, Tamer Abdallah, Hassan Abdelsalam, Ahmed Mokhtar and Assem Abdel Razek
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:132
  29. In emergency departments, patients with mental health conditions are a major concern and make up the third or fourth of the most common diagnosis seen during all consultations. Over the past two decades, there...

    Authors: Heribert Kirchner, Heiko Ullrich, Peter Neu, Nik Hulsmans, Georg Juckel and Patrick Brzoska
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:131
  30. Inter-facility transport of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the prone position (PP) is a high-risk situation, compared to other strategies. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of co...

    Authors: Malik Haoutar, David Pinero, Hodane Yonis, Eric Cesareo, Mehdi Mezidi, Olivier Peguet, Karim Tazarourte, Matteo Pozzi, Pierre-Yves Dubien, Jean-Christophe Richard and Laurent Bitker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:129
  31. We aim to understand the current situation of the first aid ability and training needs of Chinese medical personnel to provide a scientific basis for formulating the contents and methods of emergency medical r...

    Authors: Juntao Wang, Chuanzhu Lv, Xingyue Song, Yanlan Hu, Wenjie Hao, Lanfen He, Yu Chen, Yong Gan, Xiaotong Han and Shijiao Yan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:128
  32. Pro-protein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) decreases the clearance of the pathogenic lipids, supporting the potential role of PCSK9 in the prognosis of sepsis.

    Authors: Yuanlu Shu, Ziwei Deng, Ye Deng, Jianliang Zhou, Jin Wang, Zhenxing Duan, Tao Jiang, Xiang Zhao, Zhihua Shi and Chengfeng Qiu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:127
  33. Prehospital factors play a vital role in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivability, and they vary between countries and regions. We investigated the prehospital factors associated with OHCA outcomes ...

    Authors: Jae Yun Ahn, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Sungbae Moon, Haewon Jung, Jungbae Park, Won Kee Lee, Jong-yeon Kim, Dong Eun Lee, Jung Ho Kim and Sang-Hun Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:125
  34. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a frailty assessment tool used to identify frailty in older patients visiting the emergency department (ED). However, the current understanding of how it is used and accepte...

    Authors: Erika Hörlin, Samia Munir Ehrlington, Rani Toll John, Joakim Henricson and Daniel Wilhelms
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:124
  35. Innovations in models of care for older adults living with frailty presenting to the emergency department (ED) have become a key priority for clinicians, researchers and policymakers due to the deleterious out...

    Authors: Íde O’Shaughnessy, Christine Fitzgerald, Aoife Whiston, Patrick Harnett, Helen Whitty, Des Mulligan, Marian Mullaney, Catherine Devaney, Deirdre Lang, Jennifer Hardimann, Brian Condon, Christina Hayes, Alison Holmes, Louise Barry, Claire McCormack, Megan Bounds…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:123
  36. Nomograms are easy-to-handle clinical tools which can help in estimating the risk of adverse outcome in certain population. This multi-center study aims to create and validate a simple and usable clinical pred...

    Authors: Naria Park, Greta Barbieri, Gianni Turcato, Alessandro Cipriano, Arian Zaboli, Sara Giampaoli, Antonio Bonora, Giorgio Ricci, Massimo Santini and Lorenzo Ghiadoni
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:122
  37. Frailty assessment by paramedics in the prehospital setting is understudied. The goals of this study were to assess the inter-rater reliability and accuracy of frailty assessment by paramedics using the Clinic...

    Authors: Christophe A. Fehlmann, Loric Stuby, Christophe Graf, Matthieu Genoud, Rebecca Rigney, Judah Goldstein, Debra Eagles and Laurent Suppan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:121
  38. Abdominal pain, which is a common cause of children presenting to the paediatric emergency department (PED), is often evaluated by ultrasonography (US). However, uncertainty in US reports may necessitate addit...

    Authors: Soyun Hwang, Hyun Jung Chung, Joong Wan Park, Eui Jun Lee, Ha Ni Lee, Jin Hee Kim, Jie Hee Jue, Young Hun Choi and Jae Yun Jung
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:120
  39. Paramedics convey a high proportion of seizure patients with no clinical need to emergency departments (EDs). In a landmark study, only 27% of UK paramedics reported being “Very…”/ “Extremely confident” making...

    Authors: Adam J. Noble, Carolyn Lees, Kay Hughes, Lucy Almond, Hesham Ibrahim, Cerys Broadbent, Pete Dixon and Anthony G. Marson
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:119
  40. The clinical decision-making of non-conveyance is perceived as complex and difficult by emergency medical services (EMS) professionals. Patients with a transient loss of consciousness (TLOC) based on syncope c...

    Authors: B. Bastiaan A. Ort, Lucia G. uit het Broek, Harm de Bruin, Reinier P. Akkermans, Ben Goosselink, Hester Vermeulen, Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet and Sivera A.A. Berben
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:118
  41. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent phenomenon in somatic emergency departments, where nurses are the most consistent group of healthcare professionals who treat people with NSSI, which means they m...

    Authors: Kickan Roed, Cecilie Rostrup Brauner, Senayt Yigzaw and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:117
  42. Stroke is the most common time-dependent pathology that pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) are confronted with. Prioritisation of ambulance dispatch, initial actions and early pre-notification have ...

    Authors: Nicolás Riera-López, Francisco Aranda-Aguilar, Montse Gorchs-Molist and Jose Antonio Iglesias-Vázquez
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:116
  43. Teledermatology has provided new avenues through which dermatologists can provide healthcare. Teledermatology was introduced to the Emergency Department (ED) to enable immediate dermatological consult. We aime...

    Authors: Adinia Santosa, Zisheng Li and Nisha Suyien Chandran
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:115
  44. COVID-19 rapidly spread throughout the world. Stay-at-home and social distance strategies accompanied by fear of contamination with COVID-19 caused significant disruptions in daily life. The study focused on t...

    Authors: Vahid Ghanbari, Alireza Khatony, Maryam Janatolmakan, Shahab Rezaeian and Leili Rostamnia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:114

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