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  1. T-CPR has been shown to increase bystander CPR rates dramatically and is associated with improved patient survival.

    Authors: Fareed Ahmed, Uzma Rahim Khan, Salman Muhammad Soomar, Ahmed Raheem, Rubaba Naeem, Abid Naveed, Junaid Abdul Razzak and Nadeem Ullah Khan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:139
  2. During the COVID-19 pandemic, maintenance of essential healthcare systems became very challenging. We describe the triage system of our institute, and assess the quality of care provided to critically ill non-...

    Authors: Harin Rhee, Gum Sook Jang, Sungmi Kim, Wanhee Lee, Hakeong Jeon, Da Woon Kim, Byung-min Ye, Hyo Jin Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Seo Rin Kim, Il Young Kim, Sang Heon Song, Eun Young Seong, Dong Won Lee and Soo Bong Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:138
  3. Taiwan’s successful containment of the COVID-19 outbreak prior to 2021 provided a unique environment for the surveillance of unnecessary emergency medical use. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of ...

    Authors: Wen-Min Tseng, Po-Hsiang Lin, Pin-Chieh Wu and Chih-Hsiang Kao
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:137
  4. We aimed to evaluate door-to-puncture time (DPT) and door-to-recanalization time (DRT) without directing healthcare by neuro-interventionalist support in the emergency department (ED) by workflow optimization ...

    Authors: Shuiquan Yang, Weiping Yao, James E. Siegler, Mohammad Mofatteh, Jack Wellington, Jiale Wu, Wenjun Liang, Gan Chen, Zhou Huang, Rongshen Yang, Juanmei Chen, Yajie Yang, Zhaohui Hu and Yimin Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:136
  5. Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) is a severe complication of portal hypertension that is caused by rupture of the esophageal or gastric varix. Scoring system for risk stratification of AVB is difficult to use bec...

    Authors: Jun Seok Seo, Yongwon Kim, Yoonsuk Lee, Ho Young Chung and Tae Youn Kim
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:135
  6. The additive benefit of inhaled corticosteroid when used with systemic corticosteroid in acute asthma is still unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of high and repeated doses of inhale...

    Authors: Soudani Marghli, Chafiaa Bouhamed, Amira Sghaier, Nabil Chebbi, Insaf Dlala, Samia Bettout, Achref Belkacem, Sarra Kbaier, Nahla Jerbi and Abdelouahab Bellou
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:134

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:140

  7. During the Syrian civil war, patients were initially treated on-site in Syria and later transferred to medical centers in Israel. Relevant details concerning the exact nature of injury and medical/surgical car...

    Authors: Amitai Bickel, Konstantin Akinichev, Michael Weiss, Samer Ganam, Seema Biswas, Igor Waksman and Eli Kakiashvilli
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:132
  8. Recent studies have shown the prognostic value of capillary refill time (CRT) and suggested that resuscitation management guided by CRT may reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with septic shock. However...

    Authors: Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Cléo Wiart, Rémi Schweizer, Léa Didier, Martin Ruste, Maxime Coutrot, Matthieu Legrand, Florent Baudin, Etienne Javouhey, François Dépret and Jean-Luc Fellahi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:131
  9. This study aims to estimate and compare the parameters of some univariate and bivariate count models to identify the factors affecting the number of mortality and the number of injured in road accidents.

    Authors: Soodeh Shahsavari, Ali Mohammadi, Shayan Mostafaei, Ehsan Zereshki, Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabaei, Mohsen Zhaleh, Meisam Shahsavari and Frouzan Zeini
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:130
  10. Prehospital advanced airway management, including endotracheal intubation (ETI), is one of the most commonly performed advanced life support skills. In South Africa, prehospital ETI is performed by non-physici...

    Authors: Craig A. Wylie, Farzana Araie, Clint Hendrikse, Jan Burke, Ivan Joubert, Anneli Hardy and Willem Stassen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:129
  11. In the event of a sudden illness or injury, elderly individuals are often dependent on self-help and mutual assistance from partners. With poor access to medical services during natural and other disasters, th...

    Authors: Eva Dolenc Šparovec, Damjan Slabe, Ivan Eržen and Uroš Kovačič
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:128
  12. Substance use is common among people who visit emergency departments (EDs) frequently. We aimed to characterize subgroups within this cohort to better understand care needs/gaps, and generalizability of charac...

    Authors: Jessica Moe, Yueqiao Elle Wang, Michael J. Schull, Kathryn Dong, Margaret J. McGregor, Corinne M. Hohl, Brian R. Holroyd and Kimberlyn M. McGrail
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:127
  13. The survival of children who suffer cardiac arrest is poor. This study aimed to determine the predictors and outcome of cardiac arrest in paediatric patients presenting to an emergency department of a tertiary...

    Authors: Amne O. Yussuf, Said S. Kilindimo, Hendry R. Sawe, Elishah N. Premji, Hussein K. Manji, Alphonce N. Simbila, Juma A. Mfinanga and Ellen J. Weber
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:126
  14. For critically ill patients, mechanical ventilation is considered a pillar of respiratory life support. The mortality of victims in intensive care units is high in resource-constrained Sub-Saharan African coun...

    Authors: Lehulu Tilahun, Asressie Molla, Fanos Yeshanew Ayele, Aytenew Nega and Kirubel Dagnaw
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:125
  15. Regurgitation is a complication common during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This manikin study evaluated the effect of regurgitation during endotracheal intubation on CPR quality.

    Authors: Li-Wei Lin, James DuCanto, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yung-Cheng Su, Chi-Chieh Huang and Shih-Wen Hung
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:124
  16. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for trauma patients’ treatment, particularly for cases with open lower extremity fractures, which are considered major traumas requiring a comprehensive approach. Rece...

    Authors: Min Ji Kim, Kyung Min Yang, Hyung Min Hahn, Hyoseob Lim and Il Jae Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:123
  17. We aimed to investigate clinical benefits and economic costs of inhaled methoxyflurane when used by ambulance staff for prehospital emergency patients with trauma. Comparison is to usual analgesic practice (UA...

    Authors: Murray D. Smith, Elise Rowan, Robert Spaight and Aloysius N. Siriwardena
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:122
  18. Although the prognosis of patients treated at specialized facilities has improved, the relationship between the number of patients treated at hospitals and prognosis is controversial and lacks constancy in tho...

    Authors: Takumi Tsuchida, Kota Ono, Kunihiko Maekawa, Mariko Hayamizu and Mineji Hayakawa
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:121
  19. The risk of choking increases with aging, and the number of cases of choking-induced cardiac arrest is increasing. However, few studies have examined the prognosis of choking-induced cardiac arrest. The aim of...

    Authors: Takahiro Miyoshi, Hideki Endo, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Koki Shimada, Hiraku Kumamaru, Nao Ichihara, Yoshiki Miyachi and Hiroaki Miyata
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:120

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:157

  20. Traumatic injuries are a leading cause of deaths in Norway, especially among younger males. Trauma-related mortality can be reduced by structural measures, such as organization of a trauma system. Many hospita...

    Authors: Ida Celine Bredin, Hedi Marina Joks Gaup, Guttorm Brattebø and Torben Wisborg
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:119
  21. The triage of patients presenting with chest pain on admission to the emergency department uses scales based on patient clinical presentation or an electrocardiogram (ECG). These scales have different sensitiv...

    Authors: Chiara Casarin, Anne-Sophie Pirot, Charles Gregoire, Laurence Van Der Haert, Patrick Vanden Berghe, Diego Castanares-Zapatero and Melanie Dechamps
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:118
  22. Early diagnosis and appropriate management of shock aimed at prevention of prolonged hypoperfusion has shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with undifferentiated shock. However, there is often...

    Authors: Asmaa Ramadan, Tamer Abdallah, Hassan Abdelsalam, Ahmed Mokhtar and Assem Abdel Razek
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:117
  23. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among ambulance personnel, but its prevalence varies between developed and developing countries. This study aimed to investigate the lived experience of potentia...

    Authors: Khalid Mufleh Alshahrani, Judith Johnson, Lawrence Hill, Tmam Abdulaziz Alghunaim, Raabia Sattar and Daryl B. O’Connor
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:116
  24. Tracheal intubation in the emergency department (ED) can cause serious complications. Available evidence on the use of a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) during intubation in the ED is limited. This study evalua...

    Authors: Yumi Mitsuyama, Shunichiro Nakao, Junya Shimazaki, Hiroshi Ogura and Takeshi Shimazu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:115
  25. Identifying the reasons for the Emergency Department (ED) visit of patients with cancer would be essential for possibly decreasing the burden of ED use. The aim of our study was to analyze the distribution of ...

    Authors: Márton Koch, Csaba Varga, Viktor Soós, Lilla Prenek, Lili Porcsa, Alíz Szakáll, Gergely Bilics, Balázs Hunka, Szabolcs Bellyei, János Girán, István Kiss and Éva Pozsgai
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:114
  26. Pain is one of the most common, yet challenging problems leading to emergency department (ED) presentation, despite the availability of a wide range of pharmacological therapies. Virtual reality (VR) simulatio...

    Authors: T. Birrenbach, F. Bühlmann, A. K. Exadaktylos, W. E. Hautz, M. Müller and T. C. Sauter
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:113
  27. To evaluate how spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) affects successful extubation and prognosis in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients under mechanical ventilation.

    Authors: Wenjing Liu, Hong Guo, Jing Wang and Fang Ding
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:112
  28. The worldwide burden of stroke remains high, with increasing time-to-treatment correlated with worse outcomes. Yet stroke subtype determination, most importantly between stroke/non-stroke and ischemic/hemorrha...

    Authors: Susmita Chennareddy, Roshini Kalagara, Colton Smith, Stavros Matsoukas, Abhiraj Bhimani, John Liang, Steven Shapiro, Reade De Leacy, Maxim Mokin, Johanna T. Fifi, J Mocco and Christopher P. Kellner
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:111
  29. Numerous guidelines highlight the need for early airway management in facial trauma patients since specific fracture patterns may induce airway obstruction. However, the incidence of these hallmark injuries, i...

    Authors: Tero Puolakkainen, Miika Toivari, Tuukka Puolakka and Johanna Snäll
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:110
  30. Misdiagnosis is a major public health problem, causing increased morbidity and mortality. In the busy setting of an emergency department (ED) patients are diagnosed under difficult circumstances. As a conseque...

    Authors: Tanja Birrenbach, Michele Hoffmann, Stefanie C. Hautz, Juliane E. Kämmer, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Thomas C. Sauter, Martin Müller and Wolf E. Hautz
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:109
  31. This study, conducted in a Finnish city, examined whether decreasing emergency department (ED) services in an overcrowded primary care ED and corresponding direction to office-hours primary care would modify s...

    Authors: Marja Liedes-Kauppila, Anna M. Heikkinen, Ossi Rahkonen, Mika Lehto, Katri Mustonen, Marko Raina and Timo Kauppila
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:108
  32. The optimal prophylactic dose of heparin in patients with coronavirus-associated disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the emergency department (ED) is debated. This study aimed to analyze different thromboprophylaxis ap...

    Authors: Claudia Marchioni, Gaetano Esposito, Mario Calci, Bruno Bais and GianLuca Colussi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:107
  33. Clinically occult cervical spine (CS) injuries are well described in blunt trauma, however delay in identifying these injuries and clearing the CS can result in morbidity. Our study examines the ground level f...

    Authors: John Culhane, Alan Parr and Philippe Mercier
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:106
  34. With more emergency visits, there is increasing pressure to provide emergency medical services globally and locally. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological characteristics and the disease spectrum...

    Authors: Qihui Liu, Ranran Xin, Yibo Zhao, Muming Yu, Chunjie Jin, Songtao Shou, Yanfen Chai and Heng Jin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:105
  35. Zinc phosphide (ZnP) is a dark gray crystalline compound used as a rodenticide against rodents such as mice. ZnP poisoning may be accidental or suicidal. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical m...

    Authors: Seyed Khosro Ghasempouri, Zakaria Zakariaei, Seyed Mohammad Hoseininejad, Fatemeh Chinian, Mostafa Soleymanii, Seyedeh Masoumeh Pashaei and Mahdieh Sadeghi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:104
  36. Against the backdrop of emergency department (ED) overcrowding, patients’ potential redirection to outpatient care structures is a subject of current political debate in Germany. It was suggested in this conte...

    Authors: Sarah Oslislo, Lisa Kümpel, Rebecca Resendiz Cantu, Christoph Heintze, Martin Möckel and Felix Holzinger
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:103
  37. The prehospital emergency system in Norway involves out-of-hours (OOH) services with on-call physicians. Helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) are used in cases of severe illness or trauma that require r...

    Authors: Dag Ståle Nystøyl, Øyvind Østerås, Steinar Hunskaar and Erik Zakariassen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:102
  38. We evaluated the accuracy of the prehospital Field Triage Decision Scheme, which has recently been applied in the Korean trauma system, and the factors associated with severe injury and prognosis at a regional...

    Authors: Byung Hee Kang, Kyoungwon Jung, Sora Kim, So Hyun Youn, Seo Young Song, Yo Huh and Hyuk-Jae Chang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:101
  39. The ambulance service is facing an increased number of calls and ambulance assignments. Between 12 and 42% of all assignments result in non-conveyance to the Accident and Emergency Department. However, there i...

    Authors: Glenn Larsson, Alma Dagerhem, Jonas Wihlborg and Andreas Rantala
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:100
  40. Emergency Department (ED) boarding is related to in-hospital patients' discharge since no beds will be available for receiving ED patients if there is a delay for patients in the yard leaving the hospital. New...

    Authors: Diego Marques Moroço and Antonio Pazin-Filho
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:99
  41. Appropriate and timely administration of intravenous fluids to patients with sepsis-induced hypotension is one of the mainstays of sepsis management in the emergency department (ED), however, fluid resuscitati...

    Authors: Gladis Kabil, Steven A. Frost, Stephen McNally, Deborah Hatcher, Aldo Saavedra, Carl J. E. Suster, Michelle Moscova and Amith Shetty
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:98
  42. Pre-hospital emergency medicine (PHEM) personnel are at risk of developing psychological disorders during the Covid-19 pandemic. This study aimed to investigate depression, anxiety, and stress levels of the Ir...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sabbaghi, Kheizaran Miri, Reza Kahi and Mohammad Namazi Nia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:97
  43. Pain is a highly complex sensory and emotional experience. When a child suffers acute pain through illness or injury, they are often transported to hospital by ambulance. Pre-hospital pain management in childr...

    Authors: Gregory Adam Whitley, Pippa Hemingway, Graham Richard Law and Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:96
  44. There are potential health gains such as reducing early deaths, years spent in ill-health and costs to society and the health and care system by encouraging NHS staff to use encounters with patients to help in...

    Authors: B. Schofield, U. Rolfe, S. McClean, R. Hoskins, S. Voss and J. Benger
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:95
  45. There is limited evidence regarding factors associated with mortality in septic patients receiving etomidate. This study aimed to determine independent pre-intubation factors predicting 28-day mortality in sep...

    Authors: Wasin Pansiritanachot, Onlak Ruangsomboon, Chok Limsuwat and Tipa Chakorn
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:94
  46. Nearly 90% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients are witnessed, yet only 2.3% received bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in Pakistan. This study aimed to determine retention of knowledg...

    Authors: Uzma Rahim Khan, Umerdad Khudadad, Noor Baig, Fareed Ahmed, Ahmed Raheem, Butool Hisam, Nadeem Ullah Khan, Marcus Ong Eng Hock and Junaid Abdul Razzak
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:93
  47. Patients who call for emergency medical services (EMS) due to abdominal pain suffer from a broad spectrum of diseases, some of which are time sensitive. As a result of the introduction of the concept of ‘optim...

    Authors: Glenn Larsson, Peter Hansson, Emelie Olsson, Johan Herlitz and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:92
  48. There is paucity of literature on why and how patients are intubated, and by whom, in Irish Emergency Departments (EDs). The aim of this pilot study was to characterise emergency airway management (EAM) of cri...

    Authors: Etimbuk Umana, James Foley, Irene Grossi, Conor Deasy and Francis O’Keeffe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:91
  49. Numerous trauma scoring systems have been developed in an attempt to accurately and efficiently predict the prognosis of emergent trauma cases. However, it has been questioned as to whether the accuracy and pr...

    Authors: Zeinab Mohammed, Yaseen Saleh, Eman Mohammed AbdelSalam, Norhan B. B. Mohammed, Emad El-Bana and Jon Mark Hirshon
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2022 22:90

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