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  1. In emergency departments, patients with mental health conditions are a major concern and make up the third or fourth of the most common diagnosis seen during all consultations. Over the past two decades, there...

    Authors: Heribert Kirchner, Heiko Ullrich, Peter Neu, Nik Hulsmans, Georg Juckel and Patrick Brzoska
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:131
  2. Inter-facility transport of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the prone position (PP) is a high-risk situation, compared to other strategies. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of co...

    Authors: Malik Haoutar, David Pinero, Hodane Yonis, Eric Cesareo, Mehdi Mezidi, Olivier Peguet, Karim Tazarourte, Matteo Pozzi, Pierre-Yves Dubien, Jean-Christophe Richard and Laurent Bitker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:129
  3. We aim to understand the current situation of the first aid ability and training needs of Chinese medical personnel to provide a scientific basis for formulating the contents and methods of emergency medical r...

    Authors: Juntao Wang, Chuanzhu Lv, Xingyue Song, Yanlan Hu, Wenjie Hao, Lanfen He, Yu Chen, Yong Gan, Xiaotong Han and Shijiao Yan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:128
  4. Pro-protein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) decreases the clearance of the pathogenic lipids, supporting the potential role of PCSK9 in the prognosis of sepsis.

    Authors: Yuanlu Shu, Ziwei Deng, Ye Deng, Jianliang Zhou, Jin Wang, Zhenxing Duan, Tao Jiang, Xiang Zhao, Zhihua Shi and Chengfeng Qiu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:127
  5. Prehospital factors play a vital role in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivability, and they vary between countries and regions. We investigated the prehospital factors associated with OHCA outcomes ...

    Authors: Jae Yun Ahn, Hyun Wook Ryoo, Sungbae Moon, Haewon Jung, Jungbae Park, Won Kee Lee, Jong-yeon Kim, Dong Eun Lee, Jung Ho Kim and Sang-Hun Lee
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:125
  6. The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is a frailty assessment tool used to identify frailty in older patients visiting the emergency department (ED). However, the current understanding of how it is used and accepte...

    Authors: Erika Hörlin, Samia Munir Ehrlington, Rani Toll John, Joakim Henricson and Daniel Wilhelms
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:124
  7. Innovations in models of care for older adults living with frailty presenting to the emergency department (ED) have become a key priority for clinicians, researchers and policymakers due to the deleterious out...

    Authors: Íde O’Shaughnessy, Christine Fitzgerald, Aoife Whiston, Patrick Harnett, Helen Whitty, Des Mulligan, Marian Mullaney, Catherine Devaney, Deirdre Lang, Jennifer Hardimann, Brian Condon, Christina Hayes, Alison Holmes, Louise Barry, Claire McCormack, Megan Bounds…
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:123
  8. Nomograms are easy-to-handle clinical tools which can help in estimating the risk of adverse outcome in certain population. This multi-center study aims to create and validate a simple and usable clinical pred...

    Authors: Naria Park, Greta Barbieri, Gianni Turcato, Alessandro Cipriano, Arian Zaboli, Sara Giampaoli, Antonio Bonora, Giorgio Ricci, Massimo Santini and Lorenzo Ghiadoni
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:122
  9. Frailty assessment by paramedics in the prehospital setting is understudied. The goals of this study were to assess the inter-rater reliability and accuracy of frailty assessment by paramedics using the Clinic...

    Authors: Christophe A. Fehlmann, Loric Stuby, Christophe Graf, Matthieu Genoud, Rebecca Rigney, Judah Goldstein, Debra Eagles and Laurent Suppan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:121
  10. Abdominal pain, which is a common cause of children presenting to the paediatric emergency department (PED), is often evaluated by ultrasonography (US). However, uncertainty in US reports may necessitate addit...

    Authors: Soyun Hwang, Hyun Jung Chung, Joong Wan Park, Eui Jun Lee, Ha Ni Lee, Jin Hee Kim, Jie Hee Jue, Young Hun Choi and Jae Yun Jung
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:120
  11. Paramedics convey a high proportion of seizure patients with no clinical need to emergency departments (EDs). In a landmark study, only 27% of UK paramedics reported being “Very…”/ “Extremely confident” making...

    Authors: Adam J. Noble, Carolyn Lees, Kay Hughes, Lucy Almond, Hesham Ibrahim, Cerys Broadbent, Pete Dixon and Anthony G. Marson
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:119
  12. The clinical decision-making of non-conveyance is perceived as complex and difficult by emergency medical services (EMS) professionals. Patients with a transient loss of consciousness (TLOC) based on syncope c...

    Authors: B. Bastiaan A. Ort, Lucia G. uit het Broek, Harm de Bruin, Reinier P. Akkermans, Ben Goosselink, Hester Vermeulen, Remco H.A. Ebben, Lilian C.M. Vloet and Sivera A.A. Berben
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:118
  13. Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent phenomenon in somatic emergency departments, where nurses are the most consistent group of healthcare professionals who treat people with NSSI, which means they m...

    Authors: Kickan Roed, Cecilie Rostrup Brauner, Senayt Yigzaw and Julie Midtgaard
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:117
  14. Stroke is the most common time-dependent pathology that pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) are confronted with. Prioritisation of ambulance dispatch, initial actions and early pre-notification have ...

    Authors: Nicolás Riera-López, Francisco Aranda-Aguilar, Montse Gorchs-Molist and Jose Antonio Iglesias-Vázquez
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:116
  15. Teledermatology has provided new avenues through which dermatologists can provide healthcare. Teledermatology was introduced to the Emergency Department (ED) to enable immediate dermatological consult. We aime...

    Authors: Adinia Santosa, Zisheng Li and Nisha Suyien Chandran
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:115
  16. COVID-19 rapidly spread throughout the world. Stay-at-home and social distance strategies accompanied by fear of contamination with COVID-19 caused significant disruptions in daily life. The study focused on t...

    Authors: Vahid Ghanbari, Alireza Khatony, Maryam Janatolmakan, Shahab Rezaeian and Leili Rostamnia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:114
  17. The Battle of Mosul (2016–2017) was an urban conflict resulting in over 9000 civilian deaths. Emergency Management Centre (EMC), located 90 km from Mosul, was designated as a civilian-run trauma centre as part...

    Authors: Måns Muhrbeck, Aron Egelko, Rawand Musheer Haweizy, Johan von Schreeb and Andreas Älgå
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:113
  18. Prehospital care of psychiatric patients often relies on the medical experience of prehospital emergency physicians (PHEPs). The psychiatrists (PSs) involved in the further treatment of psychiatric patients al...

    Authors: Benedikt Schick, Benjamin Mayer, Constanze Hensel, Sebastian Schmid, Bettina Jungwirth, Eberhard Barth, Claus-Martin Muth, Stephan Katzenschlager and Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:112
  19. One significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing endotracheal intubation is the aspiration of gastric contents. Its prevalence is more in the emergency than in elective settings. Point-o...

    Authors: Reshma Asokan, Bharat Bhushan Bhardwaj, Naman Agrawal, Udit Chauhan, Aadya Pillai, Takshak Shankar, D. J. Lalneiruol, Himanshi Baid, Hannah Chawang and Sanket Mukeshkumar Patel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:111
  20. E-scooters have become increasingly popular in Turkey due to easy accessibility. In parallel with this, the number of e-scooter-related injuries has increased gradually. The aim of this study was to determine ...

    Authors: Servet İğrek and İbrahim Ulusoy
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:110
  21. Very little data is available about the involvement of lifeboat crews in medical emergencies at sea. The aim of this study is to analyze the medical operations at sea performed by the Royal Netherlands Sea Res...

    Authors: Daphne M. Messelink, Gert-Jan van der Ploeg, Theo van der Linden, Roos D. Flameling and Joost J. L. M. Bierens
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:108
  22. Bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is one of the common medical emergencies. In this study, we assessed patients’ socio-demographic and clinical characteristics and the association of clinical...

    Authors: Alok Raj, Nidhi Kaeley, Hari Prasad, Itish Patnaik, Yogesh Bahurupi, Shrirang Joshi, Krishna Shukla, Santosh Galagali and Sanket Patel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:107
  23. The population of older trauma patients is increasing. Those patients have heterogeneous presentations and need senior-friendly triaging tools. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is commonly used to assess injury s...

    Authors: Axel Benhamed, Brice Batomen, Valérie Boucher, Krishan Yadav, Chartelin Jean Isaac, Eric Mercier, Francis Bernard, Julien Blais-L’écuyer, Karim Tazarourte and Marcel Emond
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:105
  24. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between the independent practice time of residents and the quality of care provided in the Emergency Department (ED) across three urban hospitals in...

    Authors: Yi-Ying Chen, Patrick Chow-In Ko, Chien-Yu Chi, Kah Meng Chong, Yen-Pin Chen and Chien-Hua Huang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:103
  25. Police forces are abundant circulating and might arrive before the emergency services to Out-of-Hospital-Cardiac-Arrest victims. If properly trained, they can provide basic life support and early defibrillatio...

    Authors: Clint Jean Louis, Marta Cildoz, Alfredo Echarri, Carlos Beaumont, Fermin Mallor, Robert Greif, Miguel Baigorri and Diego Reyero
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:102
  26. Our study aimed to assess the ability of nonmedical civilians to self-apply extremity tourniquets in cold weather conditions while wearing insulating technical clothing after receiving basic training.

    Authors: Carlos Yánez Benítez, Teófilo Lorente-Aznar, Idurre Labaka, Marcelo A. F. Ribeiro Jr, Yosu Viteri, Koji Morishita, Marta Baselga and Antonio Güemes
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:101
  27. Low-dose analgesic methoxyflurane (Penthrox®) was approved in Europe for emergency relief of moderate to severe pain in conscious adults with trauma in 2015. A comparative post-authorisation safety study (PASS) w...

    Authors: Nawab Qizilbash, Himanshu Kataria, Heather Jarman, Ben Bloom, Michelle Bradney, Maggie Oh, Sue Anne Yee, Ana Roncero, Ignacio Mendez and Stuart Pocock
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:100
  28. Following the significant changes in healthcare systems over the last century, the role of pre-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) has been drawn against numerous challenges. In view of this, the present...

    Authors: Kheizaran Miri, Mohammadreza Sabbaghi, Seyyed Reza Mazlum and Mohammad Namazinia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:99
  29. The ever-increasing human life expectancy has currently resulted in a noticeable rise in the world’s older population. Addressing the healthcare needs of the older people has become a significant concern for m...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Sabbaghi, Kheizaran Miri and Mohammad Namazinia
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:98
  30. Septic shock medical treatment relies on a bundle of care including antibiotic therapy and hemodynamic optimisation. Hemodynamic optimisation consists of fluid expansion and norepinephrine administration aimin...

    Authors: Romain Jouffroy, Basile Gilbert, Jean Pierre Tourtier, Emmanuel Bloch-Laine, Patrick Ecollan, Josiane Boularan, Vincent Bounes, Benoit Vivien and Papa Gueye
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:97
  31. Identification of visual symptoms as a sign of acute stroke can be challenging for both first line healthcare professionals and lay persons. Failed recognition of visual symptoms by medical dispatchers at the ...

    Authors: Kristina Parsberg Berg, Viktor Frederik Idin Sørensen, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, Helle Collatz Christensen and Christina Kruuse
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:96
  32. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can negatively affect different healthcare-related outcomes. Nonetheless, there is limited information about its effects on different healthcare-related outcomes. This study...

    Authors: Afshin Goodarzi, Alireza Abdi, Hooman Ghasemi, Niloofar Darvishi and Rostam Jalali
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:94
  33. Pain is unpleasant sensory and emotional experiences associated with actual and/or potential tissue damage. It is the most common and prevalent reason for emergency departments (ED) visits with prevalence over...

    Authors: Wondwossen Alemu Ayano, Atalay Mulu Fentie, Melaku Tileku, Tilahun Jiru and Shemsu Umer Hussen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:92
  34. A 2017 nationwide disability survey conducted by the General Authority of Statistics in Saudi Arabia, a sample representing the whole population living in Saudi Arabia, reported that approximately 5% and 2% of...

    Authors: Nesrin Alharthy, Raghad Almotairy, Rahaf Aldulhum, Albatool Alghamdi, Reem Aquil, Ghada Alkharaan, Sara Alsuwais and Abdullah Alshibani
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:91
  35. Renal dysfunction is one of the adverse effects observed in methamphetamine (MET) or tramadol abusers. In this study, we aimed to review articles involving intoxication with MET or tramadol to assess the occur...

    Authors: Alireza Amanollahi, Yadollah Mehrabi, Mohsen Sedighi, Hamed Basir Ghafouri, Amir Zahedi, Shahin Shadnia and Koorosh Etemad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:89
  36. The aim of our prospective study was to confirm validity and diagnostic accuracy of the modified Alvarado score, which was developed at the Department of Surgery, University of Szeged, on patients presenting w...

    Authors: Eszter Mán, András Szilágyi, Zsolt Simonka, Ferenc Rárosi, Zoltán Pető and György Lázár
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:87
  37. Critically ill patients have life-threatening conditions requiring immediate vital organ function intervention. But, critical illness in the emergency department (ED) has not been comprehensively described in ...

    Authors: Erick A. Mboya, Harrieth P. Ndumwa, Davis E. Amani, Paulina N. Nkondora, Victoria Mlele, Happines Biyengo, Ramadhan Mashoka, Rashan Haniffa, Abi Beane, Juma Mfinanga, Bruno F. Sunguya, Hendry R. Sawe and Tim Baker
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:86
  38. In critically ill patients, healthy vitamin C levels are important to avoid an imbalance in reactive oxygen species. To achieve this, oxidative stress levels in emergency patients need to be accurately measure...

    Authors: Ryuichi Takenaka, Shigekiyo Matsumoto, Shinichi Nureki, Shinsuke Wada, Yoshimasa Oyama, Teruo Sakamoto, Takaaki Kitano and Osamu Shigemitsu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:85
  39. With an increase in the incidence and severity of disasters, disaster risk management receives an important priority in the health system. Nurses at all levels of healthcare play an important role in disaster ...

    Authors: Faezeh Soltani Goki, Hojjat Farahmandnia, Amirreza Sabzi, Gulcan Taskiran Eskici and Jamileh Farokhzadian
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:84
  40. Accidental hypothermia is a manifest problem during the rescue of entrapped victims and results in different subsequent problems as coagulopathy and wound infection. Different warming methods are available for...

    Authors: Martin Lier, Christopher Jebens, Annette Lorey-Tews, Tim Heyne, Nils Kunze-Szikszay, Johannes Wieditz and Anselm Bräuer
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:83
  41. Paramedics are increasingly being called to attend patients dying from advanced incurable conditions. However, confidence to deal with such calls varies, with many feeling relatively unskilled in this aspect o...

    Authors: Jane Simpson, Bader Nael Remawi, Kieran Potts, Tania Blackmore, Maddy French, Karen Haydock, Richard Peters, Michael Hill, Oliver-Jon Tidball, Georgina Parker, Michelle Waddington and Nancy Preston
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:81

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