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  1. Research article

    The Sydney Triage to Admission Risk Tool (START) to predict Emergency Department Disposition: A derivation and internal validation study using retrospective state-wide data from New South Wales, Australia

    Disposition decisions are critical to the functioning of Emergency Departments. The objectives of the present study were to derive and internally validate a prediction model for inpatient admission from the Em...

    Michael M. Dinh, Saartje Berendsen Russell, Kendall J. Bein, Kris Rogers, David Muscatello, Richard Paoloni, Jon Hayman, Dane R. Chalkley and Rebecca Ivers

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:46

    Published on: 3 December 2016

  2. Study protocol

    Testing a videogame intervention to recalibrate physician heuristics in trauma triage: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Between 30 and 40 % of patients with severe injuries receive treatment at non-trauma centers (under-triage), largely because of physician decision making. Existing interventions to improve triage by physicians...

    Deepika Mohan, Matthew R. Rosengart, Baruch Fischhoff, Derek C. Angus, Coreen Farris, Donald M. Yealy, David J. Wallace and Amber E. Barnato

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:44

    Published on: 11 November 2016

  3. Research article

    Intranasal ketamine for acute traumatic pain in the Emergency Department: a prospective, randomized clinical trial of efficacy and safety

    Ketamine has been well studied for its efficacy as an analgesic agent. However, intranasal (IN) administration of ketamine has only recently been studied in the emergency setting. The objective of this study w...

    Shachar Shimonovich, Roy Gigi, Amir Shapira, Tal Sarig-Meth, Danielle Nadav, Mattan Rozenek, Debra West and Pinchas Halpern

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:43

    Published on: 9 November 2016

  4. Research article

    Retrospective analysis of management of ingested foreign bodies and food impactions in emergency endoscopic setting in adults

    Ingestion of foreign bodies and food impaction represent the second most common endoscopic emergency after bleeding. The aim of this paper is to report the management and the outcomes in 67 patients admitted f...

    Girolamo Geraci, Carmelo Sciume’, Giovanni Di Carlo, Antonino Picciurro and Giuseppe Modica

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:42

    Published on: 4 November 2016

  5. Research article

    Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns of ESBL and non ESBL bacterial isolates among patients with secondary peritonitis at Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza – Tanzania

    Secondary peritonitis is a common surgical emergence with deadly outcomes when not timely and promptly intervened. The emergence of Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing bacteria (ESBL) poses treatment ch...

    Jeremiah Seni, Enock Sweya, Amri Mabewa, Stephen E. Mshana and Japhet M. Gilyoma

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:41

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  6. Research article

    Primary triage nurses do not divert patients away from the emergency department at times of high in-hospital bed occupancy - a retrospective cohort study

    Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is frequently described in terms of input- throughput and output. In order to reduce ED input, a concept called primary triage has been introduced in several Swedish EDs....

    Mathias C Blom, Karin Erwander, Lars Gustafsson, Mona Landin-Olsson, Fredrik Jonsson and Kjell Ivarsson

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:39

    Published on: 22 September 2016

  7. Research article

    Outcomes associated with observation versus short-stay admission among chest pain patients in the Veterans Health Administration

    To determine the extent to which 30- and 90-day hospital readmission and mortality rates differ as a function of whether a chest pain patient is placed in observation status or admitted to the hospital for a s...

    Brad Wright, Amy M. J. O’Shea, Justin M. Glasgow, Padmaja Ayyagari and Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:38

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  8. Research article

    Keep it simple: vascular risk factors and focal exam findings correctly identify posterior circulation ischemia in “dizzy” patients

    Dizziness is a common chief complaint of patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). Physicians must quickly and accurately identify patients whose etiology is most likely ischemia. Additional tools ...

    Karen Chen, Andrea L. C. Schneider, Rafael H. Llinas and Elisabeth B. Marsh

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:37

    Published on: 13 September 2016

  9. Research article

    Barriers in detecting elder abuse among emergency medical technicians

    Elder abuse and neglect are highly under-reported in the United States. This may be partially attributed to low incidence of reporting among emergency medical technicians’ (EMTs), despite state-mandated report...

    Jennifer M. Reingle Gonzalez, M. Brad Cannell, Katelyn K. Jetelina and Sepeadeh Radpour

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:36

    Published on: 2 September 2016

  10. Research article

    Heart Fatty Acid Binding Protein and cardiac troponin: development of an optimal rule-out strategy for acute myocardial infarction

    Improved ability to rapidly rule-out Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in patients presenting with chest pain will promote decongestion of the Emergency Department (ED) and reduce unnecessary hospital admissio...

    Joanna M. Young, John W. Pickering, Peter M. George, Sally J. Aldous, John Wallace, Chris M. Frampton, Richard W. Troughton, Mark A. Richards, Jaimi H. Greenslade, Louise Cullen and Martin P. Than

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:34

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  11. Research article

    The incorporation of focused history in checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury

    Diagnostic error and delay are critical impediments to the safety of critically ill patients. Checklist for early recognition and treatment of acute illness and injury (CERTAIN) has been developed as a tool th...

    Namita Jayaprakash, Rashid Ali, Rahul Kashyap, Courtney Bennett, Alexander Kogan and Ognjen Gajic

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:35

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  12. Research article

    Early prediction of outcome after severe traumatic brain injury: a simple and practical model

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous syndrome with a broad range of outcome. We developed a simple model for long-term outcome prognostication after severe TBI.

    Sandro Rizoli, Ashley Petersen, Eileen Bulger, Raul Coimbra, Jeffrey D. Kerby, Joseph Minei, Laurie Morrison, Avery Nathens, Martin Schreiber and Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:32

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  13. Research article

    Psychological distress in medical patients 30 days following an emergency department admission: results from a prospective, observational study

    Psychological distress in medical patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) is not well studied. Our aim was to investigate the extent of psychological distress in a broad and unselected medical patie...

    Lukas Faessler, Alexander Kutz, Sebastian Haubitz, Beat Mueller, Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello and Philipp Schuetz

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:33

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  14. Research article

    Prospective evaluation of an automated method to identify patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in the emergency department

    Sepsis is an often-fatal syndrome resulting from severe infection. Rapid identification and treatment are critical for septic patients. We therefore developed a probabilistic model to identify septic patients ...

    Samuel M. Brown, Jason Jones, Kathryn Gibb Kuttler, Roger K. Keddington, Todd L. Allen and Peter Haug

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:31

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  15. Research article

    Saudi SCD patients’ symptoms and quality of life relative to the number of ED visits

    Individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD) have significantly increased emergency department (ED) use compared to the general population. In Saudi Arabia, health care is free for all individuals and the...

    Anwar E. Ahmed, Ahmed S. Alaskar, Donna K. McClish, Yosra Z. Ali, Mohammed H. Aldughither, Ahmad M. Al-Suliman and Hafiz M. Malhan

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:30

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  16. Research article

    Mortality among head trauma patients taking preinjury antithrombotic agents: a retrospective cohort analysis from a Level 1 trauma centre

    Bleeding represents the most well-known and the most feared complications caused by the use of antithrombotic agents. There is, however, limited documentation whether pre-injury use of antithrombotic agents af...

    Sigrid Narum, Odd Brørs, Olav Stokland and Marianne K. Kringen

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:29

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  17. Research article

    Epidemiology and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in a developing country-a multicenter cohort study

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Overall survival after an OHCA has been reported to be poor and limited studies have been conducted in deve...

    Minaz Mawani, Muhammad Masood Kadir, Iqbal Azam, Amber Mehmood, Bryan McNally, Kent Stevens, Rozina Nuruddin, Mohammad Ishaq and Junaid Abdul Razzak

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:28

    Published on: 28 July 2016

  18. Research article

    Prediction of 90-day mortality in older patients after discharge from an emergency department: a retrospective follow-up study

    Older people frequently attend the emergency department (ED) and have a high risk of poor outcome as compared to their younger counterparts. Our aim was to study routinely collected clinical parameters as pred...

    Susanna E. Hofman, Jacinta A. Lucke, Noor Heim, Jelle de Gelder, Anne J. Fogteloo, Christian Heringhaus, Bas de Groot, Anton J. M. de Craen, Gerard Jan Blauw and Simon P. Mooijaart

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:26

    Published on: 13 July 2016

  19. Research article

    Assessing the completeness of coded and narrative data from the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset using injuries sustained during fitness activities as a case study

    Injury surveillance systems support the ongoing systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health information vital to the prevention, planning and evaluation of injury prevention strategies. One ke...

    Shannon E. Gray and Caroline F. Finch

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:24

    Published on: 12 July 2016

  20. Research article

    The CPR outcomes of online medical video instruction versus on-scene medical instruction using simulated cardiac arrest stations

    Non-traumatic cardiac arrest is a fatal emergency condition. Its survival rate and outcomes may be better with quick and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Telemedicine such as telephone or real ti...

    Chaiyaporn Yuksen, Sorravit Sawatmongkornkul, Jarupol Tuangsirisup, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth and Yuwares Sittichanbuncha

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:25

    Published on: 12 July 2016

  21. Research article

    Carotid artery dissection and motor vehicle trauma: patient demographics, associated injuries and impact of treatment on cost and length of stay

    Blunt carotid arterial injury (BCI) is a rare injury associated with motor vehicle collision (MVC). There are few population based analyses evaluating carotid injury associated with blunt trauma and their asso...

    Jared E. Kray, Viktor Y. Dombrovskiy and Todd R. Vogel

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:23

    Published on: 8 July 2016

  22. Research article

    Is it a matter of urgency? A survey of assessments by walk-in patients and doctors of the urgency level of their encounters at a general emergency outpatient clinic in Oslo, Norway

    Emergency room (ER) use is increasing in several countries. Variability in the proportion of non-urgent ER visits was found to range from 5 to 90 % (median 32 %). Non-urgent emergency visits are considered an ...

    Sven Eirik Ruud, Per Hjortdahl and Bård Natvig

    BMC Emergency Medicine 2016 16:22

    Published on: 4 July 2016

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