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  1. Content type: Research article

    The availability of prehospital trauma care is an important means of reducing serious injuries and fatalities associated with road traffic injuries (RTIs). Lay responders such as traffic police play an importa...

    Authors: Gift G. Lukumay, Menti L. Ndile, Anne H. Outwater, Dickson A. Mkoka, Mojgan Padyab, Britt-Inger Saveman and Susann Backteman-Erlanson

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:45

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we hypothesized that point of care testing (POCT) would reduce length of stay (LOS) in emergency department (ED) when compared to central laboratory testing and be a factor in patient discharge ...

    Authors: Meri Kankaanpää, Marika Holma-Eriksson, Sami Kapanen, Merja Heitto, Sari Bergström, Leila Muukkonen and Veli-Pekka Harjola

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:43

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Paramedics work in a highly complex and unpredictable environment which is characterized by ongoing decision-making. Decisions made by paramedics in the prehospital setting have implications for patient safety...

    Authors: Gudrun Reay, James A. Rankin, Lorraine Smith-MacDonald and Gerald C. Lazarenko

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:42

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pain management in the Emergency Department has often been described as inadequate, despite proven benefits of pain treatment protocols. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of our curren...

    Authors: Judith E. van Zanden, Susanne Wagenaar, Jozine M. ter Maaten, Jan C. ter Maaten and Jack J. M. Ligtenberg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:40

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Sepsis and septic shock are common problems in intensive care units (ICUs). The mortality of patients with sepsis or septic shock is high. We investigated if reduction in the serum concentration of the cytokin...

    Authors: Pham Thi Ngoc Thao, Ton Thanh Tra, Nguyen Truong Son and Koji Wada

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:39

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a major cause of mortality worldwide. When basic life support techniques are implemented quickly, the chance of survival is doubled. Therefore, this study evaluated public awa...

    Authors: Samiha Jarrah, Mahfuz Judeh and Mohannad Eid AbuRuz

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:37

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Physician chart documentation can facilitate patient care decisions, reduce treatment errors, and inform health system planning and resource allocation activities. Although accurate and complete patient chart ...

    Authors: Diane L. Lorenzetti, Hude Quan, Kelsey Lucyk, Ceara Cunningham, Deirdre Hennessy, Jason Jiang and Cynthia A. Beck

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:36

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent CT imaging is believed to significantly increase lifetime malignancy risk. We previously reported that high acuity, admitted trauma patients who received a whole-body CT in the emergency department (...

    Authors: Mary Matthews, Peter Richman, Scott Krall, Kimberly Leeson, K Tom Xu, Albert L Gest and Osbert Blow

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:34

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Every year, about 1.2 million people die through road traffic crashes worldwide. Majority of these deaths occur in Africa where most of their emergency medical services are underdeveloped. In 2004, Ghana estab...

    Authors: Mohammed-Najeeb Mahama, Ernest Kenu, Delia Akosua Bandoh and Ahmed Nuhu Zakariah

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:33

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic inequalities in cardiovascular morbidity have been previously reported showing direct associations between socioeconomic disadvantage and worse health outcomes. However, disagreement remains rega...

    Authors: George Mnatzaganian, Janet E Hiller, Jason Fletcher, Mark Putland, Cameron Knott, George Braitberg, Steve Begg and Melanie Bish

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:32

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Platelet variables, including platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV), have been associated with outcome in critically ill patients. We evaluated these variables in patients after card...

    Authors: Antonella Cotoia, Federico Franchi, Chiara De Fazio, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur and Fabio Silvio Taccone

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:31

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Acute poisoning is a common chief complaint leading to emergency department visits and hospital admissions in developing countries such as Iran. Data describing the epidemiology of different poisonings, charac...

    Authors: Omid Mehrpour, Ayob Akbari, Firoozeh Jahani, Alireza Amirabadizadeh, Elaheh Allahyari, Borhan Mansouri and Patrick C. Ng

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:30

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Smuggling of illegal drugs by hiding them inside one’s own body, also called body packing, is a worldwide phenomenon. Cocaine is the most frequently transported drug. Body packing is a potentially lethal pract...

    Authors: Miriam Luginbühl, Timo Junker and Dagmar I. Keller

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:29

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Physician-staffed helicopter emergency services (HEMS) can provide benefit through the delivery of specialist competence and equipment to the prehospital scene and through expedient transport of critically ill...

    Authors: Daniel Kornhall, Robert Näslund, Cecilia Klingberg, Regina Schiborr and Mikael Gellerfors

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:28

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Falls are a common cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality among the elderly in the United States. Evidence-based imaging recommendations for evaluation of delayed intracranial hemorrhage (DICH) are...

    Authors: Nolan Mann, Kellen Welch, Andrew Martin, Michael Subichin, Katherine Wietecha, Lauren E. Birmingham, Tiffany D. Marchand and Richard L. George

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:27

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Primary care patients are often cited as a cause of Emergency Department overcrowding (ED). The aim of this study was to evaluate a physician led redirection procedure of selected patients towards an out of ho...

    Authors: Charles Morin, Jacques Choukroun and Jean-Christophe Callahan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:26

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  17. Content type: Study protocol

    Multiresistant bacteria (MRB) is an increasing problem. Early identification of patients with MRB is mandatory to avoid transmission and to target the antibiotic treatment. The emergency department (ED) is a k...

    Authors: Christian B. Mogensen, Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Annmarie T. Lassen, Isik S. Johansen, Ming Chen, Poul Petersen, Karen V. Andersen, Svend Ellermann-Eriksen, Jørn M. Møller, Marc Ludwig, David Fuglsang-Damgaard, Finn Nielsen, Dan B. Petersen, Ulrich S. Jensen and Flemming S. Rosenvinge

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:25

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The association between burnout and patient safety has been analyzed in many studies for nurses, physicians, and residents. However, studies concerning prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) workers are ...

    Authors: Natalie Baier, Karsten Roth, Susanne Felgner and Cornelia Henschke

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:24

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Medical professionals together with other first responder teams are the first to attend an emergency or disaster. Knowledge and training in emergency and disaster preparedness are important in responding effec...

    Authors: Waheeb Nasr Naser and Huda Ba Saleem

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:23

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There is little data describing pediatric emergencies in resource-poor countries, such as Pakistan. We studied the demographics, management, and outcomes of patients presenting to the highest-volume, public, p...

    Authors: Nadir Ijaz, Matthew Strehlow, N. Ewen Wang, Elizabeth Pirrotta, Areeba Tariq, Naseeruddin Mahmood and Swaminatha Mahadevan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:22

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Although this has not been fully studied, videos and pictorial brochures might be equivalent methods of delivering HIV/AIDS and HIV testing information to emergency departments (ED) patients. It also is not kn...

    Authors: Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark and Michael P. Carey

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:21

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used in resuscitation of critically ill patients with documented improved survival. Few studies describe ECMO use in cardiogenic shock. This study exa...

    Authors: Rayan El Sibai, Rana Bachir and Mazen El Sayed

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:20

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The use of big data and machine learning within clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) has the potential to transform medicine through better prognosis, diagnosis and automation of tasks. Real-time applicat...

    Authors: Warren M. Perry, Rubayet Hossain and Richard A. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:19

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Management of stable patients with abdominal stab wound remains controversial, particularly for those with no clear indications for explorative laparotomy. We evaluated the risk of intra-abdominal injury in st...

    Authors: Igor Jeroukhimov, Itay Wiser, Yehuda Hershkovitz, Zahar Shapira, Kobi Peleg, Ricardo Alfici, Adi Givon and Boris Kessel

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:18

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Liberal use of oxygen in an emergency situation is common. Today, most health care professionals do not adjust the amount of oxygen given when a saturation of 100% or a PaO2 which exceeds the normal range is r...

    Authors: Anna S. M. Dobbe, Renate Stolmeijer, Jan C. ter Maaten and Jack J. M. Ligtenberg

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:17

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Poor communication during patient handover is recognised internationally as a root cause of a significant proportion of preventable deaths. Data used in handover is not always easily recorded using ambulance b...

    Authors: David Fitzpatrick, Douglas Maxwell and Alan Craigie

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:16

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to test the diagnostic value of baseline and early change of C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations, evaluated separately or in combination with the modified Alvarado score (MAS), in ...

    Authors: Mohamed Amine Msolli, Kaouther Beltaief, Wahid Bouida, Nahla Jerbi, Mohamed Habib Grissa, Hamdi Boubaker, Riadh Boukef and Semir Nouira

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:15

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Despite the high burden of injury in Ethiopia, the occurrence and health impact have not received due at...

    Authors: Abel Negussie, Andarge Getie, Elias Manaye and Tamrat Tekle

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:14

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are popular rescue systems despite inconsistent evidence in the scientific literature to support their use for primary interventions, as well as for inter-facility ...

    Authors: Damien Di Rocco, Mathieu Pasquier, Eric Albrecht, Pierre-Nicolas Carron and Fabrice Dami

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:13

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Since the 1990s, community-associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as an important global cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Little is known about the epidemiology of t...

    Authors: Muna Al Jalaf, Hanan Fadali, Rasha Alanee, Firas Najjar, Zulfa Al Deesi, Rania M. Seliem and Eric J. Nilles

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:12

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In Mozambique, and other low-income countries (LICs), there is little information on the burden of child maltreatment (CM). Emergency care services (ECS) play an important role in recognizing, treating, and in...

    Authors: Liliana Pinto, Adriana Lein, Raquel Mahoque, David W. Wright, Scott M. Sasser and Catherine A. Staton

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:11

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Approximately 80% of patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) with chest pain do not have any true cardiopulmonary emergency such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, psychological contributors ...

    Authors: Paul I. Musey Jr, John A. Lee, Cassandra A. Hall and Jeffrey A. Kline

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:10

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Studies investigating different medical conditions and settings have demonstrated mixed results regarding the weekend effect. However, data on the outcome of elderly patients hospitalised on weekends is scarce...

    Authors: Steffie H. A. Brouns, Joyce J. Wachelder, Femke S. Jonkers, Suze L. Lambooij, Jeanne P. Dieleman and Harm R. Haak

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:9

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Triage is used to prioritize the patients in the emergency department. The majority of the triage systems include the patients’ pain score to assess their level of acuity by using a combination of patient repo...

    Authors: Martin Høhrmann Hangaard, Brian Malling and Christian Backer Mogensen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:8

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Africa accounts for one sixth of global road traffic deaths—most in the pre-hospital setting. Ambulance transport is expensive relative to other modes of pre-hospital transport, but has advantages in time-sens...

    Authors: Yonas Abebe, Tolesa Dida, Engida Yisma and David M. Silvestri

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:7

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  36. Content type: Correction

    The original article [1] contains an error whereby all authors’ names were mistakenly interchanged. The original article has now been corrected to present the authors’ names correctly.

    Authors: Sophie Hardy, Sabina Fattah, Torben Wisborg, Lasse Raatiniemi, Trine Staff and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:6

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    The original article was published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:4

  37. Content type: Case report

    Surgical cricothyroidotomy is considered to be the last resort for management of the difficult airway. A major point for a successful surgical cricothyroidotomy is to identify the location of the cricothyroid ...

    Authors: Hiromu Okano, Kohji Uzawa, Kunitaro Watanabe, Akira Motoyasu, Joho Tokumine, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Tomoko Yorozu

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:5

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Major incidents affect us globally, and are occurring with increasing frequency. There is still no evidence-based standard regarding the best medical emergency response to major incidents. Currently, reports o...

    Authors: Sophie Hardy, Sabina Fattah, Torben Wisborg, Lasse Raatiniemi, Trine Staff and Marius Rehn

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:4

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:6

  39. Content type: Research article

    Clinical handover is an important process for the transition of patient-care responsibility to the next healthcare provider, but it may divert the attention of the team away from active patients. This is chall...

    Authors: Sami Alsolamy, Atheer Al-Sabhan, Najla Alassim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Hani Tamim and Yaseen M Arabi

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:3

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Pneumocephalus, illustrated by air in the cranial vault is relatively infrequent and generally associated with neurosurgery, trauma, meningitis and barotrauma. However cases of spontaneous non-traumatic pneumo...

    Authors: Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B. Dennis, Dilip Shah and Winfred Baah

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:2

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  41. Content type: Research article

    While emergency airway management training is conventionally conducted via face-to-face learning (F2FL) workshops, there are inherent cost, time, place and manpower limitations in running such workshops. Blend...

    Authors: Madeleine Huei Tze Kho, Keng Sheng Chew, Muhaimin Noor Azhar, Mohd Lotfi Hamzah, Kee Man Chuah, Aida Bustam and Hiang Chuan Chan

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2018 18:1

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Fracture and dislocation of the shoulder are usually identifiable through the use of plain radiographs in an emergency department. However, other significant soft tissue injuries can be missed at initial prese...

    Authors: Michael J. Callaghan, Janos P. Baombe, Dan Horner, Charles E. Hutchinson, Dilraj Sandher and Simon Carley

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:40

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Remote assistance for burns by medical experts can support nurses and general physicians in emergency care with diagnostic and management advice. Previous studies indicate a high diagnostic accuracy based on i...

    Authors: Lisa Blom, Constance Boissin, Nikki Allorto, Lee Wallis, Marie Hasselberg and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:39

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Changes to physiological parameters precede deterioration of ill patients. Early warning and track and trigger systems (TTS) use routine physiological measurements with pre-specified thresholds to identify det...

    Authors: Francesca Wuytack, Pauline Meskell, Aislinn Conway, Fiona McDaid, Nancy Santesso, Fergal G. Hickey, Paddy Gillespie, Adam J. N. Raymakers, Valerie Smith and Declan Devane

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:38

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Contemporary resuscitation guidelines for basic life support recommend an immediate onset of cardiac compressions in case of cardiac arrest followed by rescue breaths. Effective ventilation is often omitted du...

    Authors: Patricia Fuchs, Juliane Obermeier, Svend Kamysek, Martin Degner, Hannes Nierath, Henning Jürß, Hartmut Ewald, Jens Schwarz, Martin Becker and Jochen K. Schubert

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:37

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The early warning score (EWS) was developed to identify deteriorating patients early. It is a track-and-trigger system based on vital signs designed to direct appropriate clinical responses based on the seriou...

    Authors: John Asger Petersen, Lars S. Rasmussen and Susan Rydahl-Hansen

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:36

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The optimal prehospital fluid for the treatment of hypotension is unknown. Hypertonic fluids may increase circulatory volume and mute the pro-inflammatory response of the body to injury and illness. The purpos...

    Authors: I. E. Blanchard, A. Ahmad, K. L. Tang, P. E. Ronksley, D. Lorenzetti, G. Lazarenko, E. S. Lang, C. J. Doig and H. T. Stelfox

    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2017 17:35

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