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  1. Physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are dispatched to a variety of incidents, ranging from less serious to life-threatening. The skillset of a physician may be important to provide a...

    Authors: Eirik Ringen, Helge Haugland and Jostein Rødseth Brede
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:35
  2. Due to a systemic modification in Swedish emergency medical services (EMS) staffing in recent years, the nature of the Swedish EMS has changed. Transport to an emergency department (ED) is no longer the only o...

    Authors: Glenn Larsson, Jana Eldh, Elisabeth Hagman and Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:34
  3. A recent study conducted at our tertiary hospital emergency department (ED) reviewed ED consultations and found that adolescents aged 16–18 years present significantly more often for trauma and psychiatric pro...

    Authors: Lara Brockhus, Elias Hofmann, Kristina Keitel, Martina Bärtsch, Martin Müller and Jolanta Klukowska-Rötzler
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:33
  4. Globally, chest trauma remain as a prominent contributor to both morbidity and mortality. Notably, patients experiencing blunt chest trauma exhibit a higher mortality rate (11.65%) compared to those with penet...

    Authors: Ousman Adal, Abiyu Abadi Tareke, Eyob Ketema Bogale, Tadele Fentabil Anagaw, Misganaw Guadie Tiruneh, Eneyew Talie Fenta, Destaw Endeshaw and Amare Mebrat Delie
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:32
  5. Digital technologies are increasingly being integrated into healthcare settings, including emergency departments, with the potential to improve efficiency and patient care. Although digitalisation promises man...

    Authors: Monika Bernburg, Anika Tell, David A. Groneberg and Stefanie Mache
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:31
  6. After the Kahramanmaras earthquake of February 6, 2023, the disaster of the century, a significant number of victims were admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). In this study, we aimed to share the character...

    Authors: Kaniye Aydin, Aysun Ozel Yesilyurt, Ferhat Cetinkaya, Mehmet Gokhan Gok, Omer Dogan and Dilek Ozcengiz
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:30
  7. Workplace violence (WPV) in healthcare is a growing challenge posing significant risks to patient care and employee well-being. Existing metrics to measure WPV in healthcare settings often fail to provide deci...

    Authors: Brendan Lyver, Jaswanth Gorla, Christian Schulz-Quach, Melanie Anderson, Brendan Singh, Trevor Hanagan, Jennifer Haines and Rickinder Sethi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:29
  8. Older adults are at high risk of developing delirium in the emergency department (ED); however, it is under-recognized in routine clinical care. Lack of detection and treatment is associated with poor outcomes...

    Authors: Sarah Filiatreault, Sara A. Kreindler, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Alecs Chochinov and Malcolm B. Doupe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:28
  9. Mobility assessment enhances the ability of vital sign-based early warning scores to predict risk. Currently mobility is not routinely assessed in a standardized manner in Denmark during the ambulance transfer...

    Authors: Søren Westh Asmussen, Jacob Metze Holme, Kurt Joensen, Stine Ibsen, Henrik Bøggild, Erika Frischknecht Christensen and Tim Alex Lindskou
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:27
  10. The reverse shock index (rSI) combined with the Simplified Motor Score (sMS), that is, the rSI-sMS, is a novel and efficient prehospital triage scoring system for patients with COVID-19. In this study, we eval...

    Authors: Meng-Yu Wu, Yueh-Tseng Hou, Jui-Yuan Chung and Giou-Teng Yiang
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:26
  11. Emergency departments globally are overburdened, and emergency medicine residency is losing popularity among students and physicians. This raises concerns about the collapse of a life-saving system. Our goal w...

    Authors: Luka Petravić, Boštjan Bajec, Evgenija Burger, Eva Tiefengraber, Ana Slavec and Matej Strnad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:25
  12. During the last decade, the progressive increase in age and associated chronic comorbidities and polypharmacy. However, assessments of the risk of emergency department (ED) revisiting published to date often n...

    Authors: Jesús Ruiz-Ramos, Emili Vela, David Monterde, Marta Blazquez-Andion, Mireia Puig-Campmany, Jordi Piera-Jiménez, Gerard Carot and Ana María Juanes-Borrego
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:23
  13. Missed care refers to the omission or delay in performing any aspect of patient’s care (either a part of the care or the entire care). Currently, missed care has become a growing concern at the international l...

    Authors: Zahra Rooddehghan, Hamid Karimi, Esmaeil Mohammadnejad, Leila Sayadi, Shima Haghani and Raoofeh Karimi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:22
  14. During natural catastrophes, hospital staff members’ readiness for crisis management—particularly concerning patient evacuation and improving their safety—becomes paramount. This study aimed to identify the co...

    Authors: Shandiz Moslehi, Mohammad Masbi, Nader Noori, Fereshteh Taheri, Samira Soleimanpour and Sajjad Narimani
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:21
  15. Unscheduled return visits (URVs) to emergency departments (EDs) are used to assess the quality of care in EDs. Machine learning (ML) models can incorporate a wide range of complex predictors to identify high-r...

    Authors: Yi-Chih Lee, Chip-Jin Ng, Chun-Chuan Hsu, Chien-Wei Cheng and Shou-Yen Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:20
  16. The COVID-19 pandemic severely impacted care for non-COVID patients. Performance indicators to monitor acute care, timely reported and internationally accepted, lacked during the pandemic in OECD countries. Th...

    Authors: Ana Sofia V. Carvalho, Bente Broekema, Óscar Brito Fernandes, Niek Klazinga and Dionne Kringos
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:19
  17. Prehospital care for cold-stressed and hypothermic patients focuses on effective insulation and rewarming. When encountering patients wearing wet clothing, rescuers can either remove the wet clothing before is...

    Authors: Linn Therese Hagen, Guttorm Brattebø, Jörg Assmus Dipl-Math, Øystein Wiggen, Øyvind Østerås, Sigurd Mydske and Øyvind Thomassen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:18
  18. Mechanical thrombectomy is the treatment of choice for large vessel occlusion strokes done only in comprehensive stroke centres (CSC). We investigated whether the transportation time of thrombectomy candidates...

    Authors: Pauli Vuorinen, Piritta Setälä, Jyrki Ollikainen and Sanna Hoppu
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:17
  19. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of intravenous ibuprofen or intravenous ibuprofen plus acetaminophen compared to intravenous morphine in patients with closed extremity fractures.

    Authors: Mehdi Nasr Isfahani, Hossein Etesami, Omid Ahmadi and Babak Masoumi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:15
  20. Major trauma and its consequences are one of the leading causes of death worldwide across all age groups. Few studies have conducted comparative age-specific investigations. It is well known that children resp...

    Authors: Teresa Maek, Ulrike Fochtmann, Pascal Jungbluth, Bastian Pass, Rolf Lefering, Carsten Schoeneberg, Sven Lendemans and Bjoern Hussmann
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:14
  21. Musculoskeletal conditions are the most common health condition seen in emergency departments. Hence, the most effective approaches to managing these conditions is of interest. This systematic review aimed to ...

    Authors: Simon P Vella, Alla Melman, Danielle Coombs, Christopher G Maher, Michael S Swain, Elizabeth Monk and Gustavo C Machado
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:13
  22. In the chain of survival for Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), each component of care contributes to improve the prognosis of the patient with OHCA. The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic potentially affected...

    Authors: Chie Tanaka, Takashi Tagami, Junya Kaneko, Nobuya Kitamura, Hideo Yasunaga, Shotaro Aso, Munekazu Takeda and Masamune Kuno
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:12
  23. Prolonged prehospital time is a major global problem in the emergency medical system (EMS). Although factors related to prolonged on-scene times (OSTs) have been reported in patients with trauma and critical m...

    Authors: Keiko Ueno, Chie Teramoto, Daisuke Nishioka, Shiho Kino, Hiroyuki Sawatari and Kazuaki Tanabe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:10
  24. Long-term care (LTC) was overwhelmingly impacted by COVID-19 and unnecessary transfer to emergency departments (ED) can have negative health outcomes. This study aimed to explore how the COVID-19 pandemic impa...

    Authors: Leanna Wyer, Yair Guterman, Vivian Ewa, Eddy Lang, Peter Faris and Jayna Holroyd-Leduc
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:9
  25. The effect of alcohol consumption on trauma remains controversial. The effects of alcohol on hemorrhage and peritonitis after blunt abdominal trauma have rarely been discussed. This study aimed to explore the ...

    Authors: Ting-Min Hsieh, Kuo-Chen Huang, Po-Chun Chuang, Chun-Ting Liu, Bei-Yu Wu, Ching-Hua Hsieh and Fu-Jen Cheng
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:8
  26. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma helps detect abdominal free fluid. Prehospital ultrasound scanning is also important because the early diagnosis of hemoperitoneum may reduce the time to definitiv...

    Authors: Kun-Te Lin, Zih-Yang Lin, Cheng-Chieh Huang, Shang-Yan Yu, Jing-Lan Huang, Jian-Houng Lin and Yan-Ren Lin
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:7
  27. Pericardial effusion (PE) is a rare yet an important cause of child mortality due to collection of excess fluid in pericardial space. The study aimed to describe the PE profile in the national cardiac referral...

    Authors: Selamawit Amare and Henok Tadele
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:6
  28. During disasters (including epidemics such as coronavirus disease 2019), the capacity of emergency departments is exceeded, thereby hindering the administration of appropriate lifesaving measures. Furthermore,...

    Authors: Kazuki Nagashima, Nobuhiro Yasuno and Machiko Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:5
  29. Nurses have always been at the forefront of providing services for victims of disasters. Using nurses’ experiences in disaster planning can play an important role in improving their readiness to provide health...

    Authors: Khadijeh Akbari, Arezoo Yari and Abbas Ostadtaghizadeh
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:4
  30. In patients with major hemorrhage, balanced transfusions and limited crystalloid use is recommended in both civilian and military guidelines. This transfusion strategy is often applied in the non-trauma patien...

    Authors: Marte Irene Skille Carlsen, Jostein Rødseth Brede, Christian Medby and Oddvar Uleberg
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:3
  31. The risk of high-energy trauma injuries on construction sites is relatively high. A delayed response time could affect outcomes after severe injury. This study assessed if an advanced first aid course for firs...

    Authors: Hans Hedberg, Pia Hedberg, Jonas Aléx, Sofia Karlsson and Michael Haney
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:2
  32. Healthcare providers, particularly nurses, play a critical role in mitigating the impact of disasters on victims and the healthcare system. However, nurses face unique challenges in disasters that may not expe...

    Authors: Jamileh Farokhzadian, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Hojjat Farahmandnia, Gülcan Taskiran Eskici and Faezeh Soltani Goki
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2024 24:1
  33. Implementing training programs to educate patients on the prodromal symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) may assist patients in accurately recognizing these symptoms, and ultimately decrease their time de...

    Authors: Siyue Wang, Junxian Song, Chongyou Lee, Jin Jiang, Mengying Wang, Dongjing Liu, Zhuqing Wang, Yuan Yuan, Wenyong Li, Ren Zhou, Hongchen Zheng, Jianmin Wei, Yonghua Hu, Tao Wu, Zhenbiao Tian and Hong Chen
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:146
  34. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in orthopedic patients. Previous studies have focused on major orthopedic surgery.There are few studies with multiple trauma. We aimed to describe the preval...

    Authors: Huijuan Chen, Libing Sun and Xiangyan Kong
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:144
  35. Today, using the medical technology of telecardiology, as part of advanced medical services, plays an essential role in providing care to cardiac patients in life-threatening conditions who need emergency care...

    Authors: Mostafa Bijani, Saeed Abedi, Azam Zare, Ziba Tavacol, Fozieh Abadi and Abdulhakim Alkamel
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:143
  36. Hemorrhage is one of the main causes of death in trauma. Critical bleeding in patients needs to be detected as soon as possible to save the patient. Drones are gaining increasing importance in emergency servic...

    Authors: Christoph West, Bernhard Kaus, Sean O’ Sullivan, Henning Schneider and Oskar Seifert
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:142
  37. Use of video review in medicine is established in contexts such as surgery. Although not widely used in the emergency department (ED), some centres use it to evaluate non-technical skills (NTS) to support teac...

    Authors: Emily G Alexander, Fraser Denny, Malcom WG Gordon, Cieran McKiernan and David J Lowe
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:141
  38. The aim of this trial-based economic evaluation was to assess the incremental costs and cost-effectiveness of the modified diagnostic strategy combining the YEARS rule and age-adjusted D-dimer threshold compar...

    Authors: Arnaud Nze Ossima, Bibi Fabiola Ngaleu Siaha, Maroua Mimouni, Nadia Mezaour, Meryl Darlington, Laurence Berard, Marine Cachanado, Tabassome Simon, Yonathan Freund and Isabelle Durand-Zaleski
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:140
  39. The risk of occupational exposure during endotracheal intubation has required the global Emergency Medicine (EM), Anesthesia, and Critical Care communities to institute new COVID- protected intubation guidelin...

    Authors: Muzeen Ismath, Holly Black, Carmen Hrymak, Rhonda J. Rosychuk, Patrick Archambault, Patrick T. Fok, Thomas Audet, Brenden Dufault, Corinne Hohl and Murdoch Leeies
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:139
  40. In recent years, Iran has encountered a growing frequency of earthquake disasters. Given that nurses constitute the largest group of healthcare providers, it is imperative that they possess adequate disaster p...

    Authors: Mohammad Rostami, Saeed Babajani-Vafsi, Arash Ziapour, Kourosh Abbasian, Mojgan Mohammadimehr and Armin Zareiyan
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:138
  41. Although outcome goals for acute healthcare among older people living with frailty often include Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and other patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), current quality metr...

    Authors: James D. van Oppen, Simon P. Conroy, Timothy J. Coats, Nicola J. Mackintosh and Jose M. Valderas
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:137
  42. The unpredictability of prehospital emergencies combined with constantly changing circumstances can lead to increased stress and mental health issues among Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs). To accurately d...

    Authors: Ali Afshari, Mohammad Torabi, Sasan Navkhasi, Marzieh Aslani and Afshin Khazaei
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:136
  43. One of the most significant advantages of Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) in disaster relief efforts is their ability to reach inaccessible or remote areas quickly. This is especially important in ...

    Authors: Mahmoud Hatami, Milad Ahmadi Marzaleh, Mostafa Bijani and Mahmoudreza Peyravi
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:135
  44. Natural disasters, health, terrorism, infectious diseases, and social unrest affect more than 200 million people worldwide each year. The present study is an attempt to evaluate the self-efficacy of senior, mi...

    Authors: Asiye Aminafshar, Majid Sartipi and Abdolrazzagh Pakzad
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:133
  45. Early recognition and appropriate treatment has shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients with undifferentiated shock. There are many ultrasound protocols in shock; each protocol combines core ultr...

    Authors: Asmaa Ramadan, Tamer Abdallah, Hassan Abdelsalam, Ahmed Mokhtar and Assem Abdel Razek
    Citation: BMC Emergency Medicine 2023 23:132

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